FYI August 18 & 19, 2022

On This Day

684 – Battle of Marj Rahit:[1] Umayyad partisans defeat the supporters of Ibn al-Zubayr and cement Umayyad control of Syria.
The Battle of Marj Rahit (Arabic: يوم مرج راهط, romanized: Yawm Marj Rāhiṭ) was one of the early battles of the Second Fitna. It was fought on 18 August 684 between the Kalb-dominated armies of the Yaman tribal confederation, supporting the Umayyads under Caliph Marwan I, and the Qays under al-Dahhak ibn Qays al-Fihri, who supported the Mecca-based Abdallah ibn al-Zubayr; the latter had proclaimed himself Caliph. The Kalbi victory consolidated the position of the Umayyads over Bilad al-Sham (the Islamic Levant), paving the way for their eventual victory in the war against Ibn al-Zubayr. However, it also left a bitter legacy of division and rivalry between the Qays and the Yaman, which would be a constant source of strife and instability for the remainder of the Umayyad Caliphate.


1745 – Prince Charles Edward Stuart raises his standard in Glenfinnan: The start of the Second Jacobite Rebellion, known as “the 45”.
The Jacobite rising of 1745, also known as the Forty-five Rebellion or simply the ’45 (Scottish Gaelic: Bliadhna Theàrlaich, [ˈpliən̪ˠə ˈhjaːrˠl̪ˠɪç], lit. ’The Year of Charles’), was an attempt by Charles Edward Stuart to regain the British throne for his father, James Francis Edward Stuart. It took place during the War of the Austrian Succession, when the bulk of the British Army was fighting in mainland Europe, and proved to be the last in a series of revolts that began in 1689, with major outbreaks in 1708, 1715 and 1719.

Charles launched the rebellion on 19 August 1745 at Glenfinnan in the Scottish Highlands, capturing Edinburgh and winning the Battle of Prestonpans in September. At a council in October, the Scots agreed to invade England after Charles assured them of substantial support from English Jacobites and a simultaneous French landing in Southern England. On that basis, the Jacobite army entered England in early November, reaching Derby on 4 December, where they decided to turn back.

Similar discussions had taken place at Carlisle, Preston and Manchester and many felt they had gone too far already. The invasion route had been selected to cross areas considered strongly Jacobite but the promised English support failed to materialise; they were now outnumbered and in danger of having their retreat cut off. The decision was supported by the vast majority but caused an irretrievable split between Charles and his Scots supporters. Despite victory at Falkirk Muir in January 1746, the Battle of Culloden in April ended the Rebellion and significant backing for the Stuart cause. Charles escaped to France, but was unable to win support for another attempt, and died in Rome in 1788.



Born On This Day

1305 – Ashikaga Takauji, Japanese Shōgun (d. 1358)
Ashikaga Takauji (足利 尊氏, August 18, 1305 – June 7, 1358)[1] was the founder and first shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate.[2] His rule began in 1338, beginning the Muromachi period of Japan, and ended with his death in 1358.[3] He was a male-line descendant of the samurai of the (Minamoto) Seiwa Genji line (meaning they were descendants of Emperor Seiwa) who had settled in the Ashikaga area of Shimotsuke Province, in present-day Tochigi Prefecture.

According to Zen master and intellectual Musō Soseki, who enjoyed his favor and collaborated with him, Takauji had three qualities. First, he kept his cool in battle and was not afraid of death.[4] Second, he was merciful and tolerant.[4] Third, he was very generous with those below him.[4]



1570 – Salamone Rossi, Italian violinist and composer (probable;[16] d. 1630)
Salamone Rossi or Salomone Rossi (Hebrew: סלומונה רוסי or שלמה מן האדומים) (Salamon, Schlomo; de’ Rossi) (ca. 1570 – 1630) was an Italian Jewish violinist and composer. He was a transitional figure between the late Italian Renaissance period and early Baroque.




NASA: Astronomy Picture of the Day
By Colin Marshall, The New Yorker: The Door Opened by “Gangnam Style” The global hit primed Western audiences for films and shows about South Korea as a dystopia.
By Alex Kantrowitz, Pocket Collections: Is Social Media Making Us Stupid? How social platforms are reshaping our lives for better or worse, with analysis from Big Technology Podcast host Alex Kantrowitz.

By MessyNessy, 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. DCXII): Reviving 17 Original Orient Express Carriages, Forgotten in Poland; Hunger Stones; When fishing boats still ruled the Seine…; A Scottish Island and Lighthouse Keeper’s accommodation for sale, just £350K and more ->
By MessyNessy, It’s about Time we Reinvented the Autochrome

Wired: A New Jailbreak for John Deere Tractors Rides the Right-to-Repair Wave A hacker has formulated an exploit that provides root access to two popular models of the company’s farm equipment.

KDLG: Authors Jade Chang and Jacqueline Woodson on how they prep mentally to write a book


The Babylon Bee: I Wish We All Could Leave California (Beach Boys Parody)
“Why REDNECKS are RECESSION PROOF!” 😆 | Buddy Brown

TED Talks: When I Die, Recompose Me


Coffee or Die: Aug. 18, 1920: 19th Amendment Is Ratified, Granting Women the Right to Vote | This Day in History

Tail Dragger Ground Loop Blues (ABy Bryan Neal & Elroy E. Hilbert II: Parody of Folsom Prison Blues by Johnny Cash)




By sherwood01384: Build a Garden Room
By MattinDetroit: Bird Ladder Maker


By Jeromina The Decorated Donut: Meatless 3-Bean Gyros

Just the Recipe: Paste the URL to any recipe, click submit, and it’ll return literally JUST the recipe- no ads, no life story of the writer, no nothing EXCEPT the recipe.




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