FYI December 01, 2019

On This Day

1824 – United States presidential election: Since no candidate received a majority of the total electoral college votes in the election, the United States House of Representatives is given the task of deciding the winner in accordance with the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
The Twelfth Amendment (Amendment XII) to the United States Constitution provides the procedure for electing the President and Vice President. It replaced the procedure provided in Article II, Section 1, Clause 3, by which the Electoral College originally functioned. The amendment was proposed by the Congress on December 9, 1803, and was ratified by the requisite three-fourths of state legislatures on June 15, 1804. The new rules took effect for the 1804 presidential election and have governed all subsequent presidential elections.

Under the original rules of the Constitution, each member of the Electoral College cast two electoral votes, with no distinction made between electoral votes for president and electoral votes for vice president. The presidential candidate receiving the greatest number of votes—provided that number equaled a majority of the electors—was elected president, while the presidential candidate receiving the second-most votes was elected vice president. In cases where no individual won a vote from a majority of the electors, as well in cases where multiple individuals won a majority but tied each other for the most votes, the House of Representatives would hold a contingent election to select the president. In cases where multiple candidates tied for the second-most votes, the Senate would hold a contingent election to select the vice president. The first four presidential elections were conducted under these rules.

The experiences of the 1796 and 1800 presidential elections spurred legislators to amend the presidential election process, requiring each member of the Electoral College to cast one electoral vote for president and one electoral vote for vice president. Under the new rules, a contingent election is still held by the House of Representatives if no candidate wins a presidential electoral vote from a majority of the electors, but there is no longer any possibility of multiple candidates winning presidential electoral votes from a majority of electors. The Twelfth Amendment also lowered the number of candidates eligible to be selected by the House in a presidential contingent election from five to three, established that the Senate would hold a contingent election for vice president if no candidate won a majority of the vice presidential electoral vote, and provided that no individual constitutionally ineligible to the office of president would be eligible to serve as vice president.



Born On This Day

1912 – Minoru Yamasaki, American architect, designed the World Trade Center (d. 1986)
Minoru Yamasaki (山崎 實 Yamasaki Minoru, 1 December 1912 – 6 February 1986)[1][2][3] was an American architect, best known for designing the original World Trade Center in New York City and several other large-scale projects.[4] Yamasaki was one of the most prominent architects of the 20th century. He and fellow architect Edward Durell Stone are generally considered to be the two master practitioners of “New Formalism”.[5]




Kathryn’s Report: Accident occurred November 30, 2019 in Wrightsville, Johnson County, Georgia; Controlled Flight Into Terrain: Ryan Navion A, N4827K; fatal accident occurred August 24, 2014 in Coldfoot, Alaska;
Piper PA-31 Navajo: Fatal accident occurred November 29, 2019 near Cooper Landing, Alaska and more ->

Kathryn’s Report: Strategic Moves: Owner of aircraft charter company accused of having sex with 14-year-old
According to Setzer’s now-removed bio, he was a Marine pilot who was awarded a combat “air medal for heroism” in Desert Storm. He was also a Marine One pilot for President Bill Clinton and worked in the White House from 1993 to 1997. Part of his job was to certify the helicopter was safe after maintenance.

Setzer now faces a minimum of 25 years in prison.

“He is facing a potential maximum of two life sentences plus 30 years,” according to Kristin Fulford, the spokesperson for the Chatham County District Attorney.

“Mistake of fact as to the victim’s age is not a defense to these charges in Georgia,” she added.
Gastro Obscura: Fidel Castro’s ice cream and and 6 more of our most-read stories this month
Maria Popova’s Brain Pickings: Alain de Botton on Existential Maturity and What Emotional Intelligence Really Means and more ->



By CraftAndu: Wooden Kazoo


By Ann Taylor Pittman, The Kitchn: We Tried 8 Methods of Cooking Bacon and Found an Absolute Winner