FYI December 12, 2018

On This Day

 
 
1098 – First Crusade: Siege of Ma’arrat al-Numan: Crusaders breach the town’s walls and massacre about 20,000 inhabitants. After finding themselves with insufficient food, they reportedly resort to cannibalism.
The Siege of Maarat, or Ma’arra, occurred in late 1098 in the city of Ma’arrat al-Numan, in what is modern-day Syria, during the First Crusade. It is infamous for the claims of widespread cannibalism displayed by the Crusaders.

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Born On This Day

 
 
1806 – Stand Watie, American general (d. 1871)
Stand Watie (Cherokee: ᏕᎦᏔᎦ, translit. Degataga, lit. ‘Stand firm’) (December 12, 1806 – September 9, 1871) — also known as Standhope Uwatie, Tawkertawker, and Isaac S. Watie — was a leader of the Cherokee Nation, and the only Native American to attain a general’s rank in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He commanded the Confederate Indian cavalry of the Army of the Trans-Mississippi, made up mostly of Cherokee, Muskogee and Seminole, and was the final Confederate general in the field to cease hostilities at war’s end.

Prior to removal of the Cherokee to Indian Territory in the late 1830s, Watie and his older brother Elias Boudinot were among leaders who signed the Treaty of New Echota in 1835. The majority of the tribe opposed their action. In 1839 the brothers were attacked in an assassination attempt, as were other relatives active in the Treaty Party. All but Stand Watie were killed. Watie in 1842 killed one of his uncle’s attackers, and in 1845 his brother Thomas Watie was killed in retaliation, in the continuing cycle of violence. Watie was acquitted at trial in the 1850s on the grounds of self-defense.

During the Civil War and soon after, Watie served as Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation (1862–1866). By the end of the war, the majority of the tribe supported the Confederacy. A minority supported the Union and refused to ratify his election. The former chief John Ross, a Union supporter, was captured in 1862 by Union forces. Watie led the Southern Cherokee delegation to Washington after the war to sue for peace, hoping to have tribal divisions recognized. The US government negotiated only with the leaders who had sided with the Union, and named John Ross as principal chief in 1866 under a new treaty. Watie stayed out of politics for his last years, and tried to rebuild his plantation.

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FYI

 
 
By Kristen Lee: I Am a Mustang Woman Now
 
 
 
 
By Ryan Felton: Goodyear Shuts Down Venezuela Factory and Gives Workers 10 Tires Each as Part of Their Severance
 
 
 
 
By Martyn Williams: Ring vs Nest: Choosing a DIY home security system is a bigger decision than you might think
 
 
 
 
By Colin Dwyer: Quake-Up Call: Magnitude 4.4 Temblor Rattles People Out Of Bed Across Southeast U.S.
 
 
 
 
By Jennings Brown: These Are the States With the Fastest and Slowest Internet
 
 
 
 
By Heather Chapman: New Census study has county-level data on poverty, income, broadband subscriptions and more from 2013-2017
 
 
By Heather Chapman: Buried FCC report shows many internet service providers aren’t providing advertised speeds to customers
 
 
 
 
By Nadia Kounang: Fentanyl is the deadliest drug in America, CDC confirms
 
 
 
 
By Gerard O’Connell: Cardinal Pell, top advisor to Pope Francis, found guilty of ‘historical sexual offenses’
 
 
 
 
Tedium Zap Actionsdower: When a Chain Breaks What a blogger learned from a year of traveling to restaurants that used to be part of much larger chains before being forced to fend for themselves.
 
 
 
 
Open Culture Josh Jones: Take Animated Virtual Reality Tours of Ancient Rome at Its Architectural Peak (Circa 320 AD)
 
 
 
 
The Passive Voice
Let us remember: One book, one pen, one child, and one teacher can change the world.
Malala Yousafzai
 
 
 
 
Drive Tribe James King Quiz: Can you name the film from the car?
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 
Chas’ Craazy Creations: To Grandma’s House We Go Link Party 117
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 
By closmanson: Wild tundra blueberry jam.
 
 
By sshammond2: Raspberry Muffins – A Battle for Berries
 
 
By mlmilius: A Family Tradition in the Kitchen