FYI December 13, 2017


902 – Battle of the Holme: Anglo-Saxon forces are defeated by Danish Vikings under Æthelwold (a son of Æthelred of Wessex) who is killed in battle.
The Battle of the Holme took place in East Anglia on 13 December 902 between the Anglo-Saxon men of Kent and the East Anglian Danes.[1] Its location is unknown but may have been Holme in Huntingdonshire (now part of Cambridgeshire).[2]

Following the death of Alfred the Great in 899, his son Edward the Elder became king, but his cousin Æthelwold, the son of Alfred’s elder brother, King Æthelred, claimed the throne. His bid was unsuccessful, and he fled to the Northumbrian Danes, who, according to one version of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, accepted him as king.[3] In 902 Æthelwold came with a fleet to Essex and the following year he persuaded the East Anglian Danes to attack Mercia and north Wessex. Edward retaliated by ravaging East Anglia and the Danish army was forced to return to defend its own territory. Edward then retreated, but the men of Kent disobeyed the order to retire, and they met the Danes at the battle of the Holme.

The course of the battle is unknown, but the Danes appear to have won as according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle they “kept the place of slaughter”.[4] However, they suffered heavy losses including Æthelwold, Eohric, probably the Danish king of East Anglia, Brihtsige, son of the ætheling Beornoth, and two holds, Ysopa and Oscetel. The battle thus ended Æthelwold’s Revolt.[3] Kentish losses included Sigehelm, father of Edward the Elder’s third wife, Eadgifu of Kent.[5] The West Saxon chronicler who gave the fullest account of the battle was at pains to explain why Edward and the rest of the English were not present, as if this had been a subject of criticism.[2]
 
 
 
 

1814 – Ana Néri, Brazilian nurse and philanthropist (d. 1880)
Ana Justina Ferreira Néri (December 13, 1814 – May 20, 1880) was a Brazilian nurse, considered the first in her country. She is best known for her volunteer work with the Triple Alliance during the Paraguayan War.

Biography
Ana Néri was born in the Bahian village of Cachoeira de Paraguaçu to José Ferreira de Jesus and his wife, Luísa Maria das Virgens.[1] At age 23, Ana got married to Navy Commander Isidoro Antônio Néri.[2] With her husband always on duty, Ana accustomed to have their house under her responsibility.[2] She became a widow at age 29, having to take care of their children Justiniano, Isidoro, and Pedro Antônio all by herself.[2] Justiniano, and Isidoro became doctors, while Pedro Antônio joined the Army,[2] becoming a cadet.[1]

Work as a nurse
In 1865, Brazil joined the Triple Alliance in the Paraguayan War, and Ana’s sons were all called upon duty,[2] in addition to both her brothers, Manuel Jerônimo, and Joaquim Maurício.[3] Unhappy with the fact that she would stay away from all the men in her family, she wrote a letter to Manuel Pinho de Sousa Dantas, governor of Bahia, offering to take care of injured soldiers of the Triple Alliance for the duration of the conflict.[2][3]

Later that year, Ana left Bahia for the first time in her life, assisting the Army’s health corps,[1] which was small and had little material.[3] She started working alongside Vincentian nuns in a hospital in Corrientes, where she would take care of more than 6,000 hospitalized soldiers.[2][3] Not a long time later, she assisted the injured in Salto, Humaitá, Curupaiti, and Asunción.[2][3]

A wealthy woman, Ana founded a nursing house in the Paraguayan capital, then occupied and besieged by the Brazilian Army.[1][2][3] For that purpose, she used personal financial resources that she inherited from her family.[1][2][3] She worked selflessly there until the end of the war.[3] Her son Justiniano and a nephew which had enlisted as a volunteer, both died in battle.[3]

At the end of the war, in 1870, Ana returned to Brazil and received several honors, among them the distinctions of silver and humanitarian campaign medals.[1][2][3] Emperor Pedro II granted Ana, via decree, a lifelong pension, which she used to provide education for the four orphans that she had brought from Paraguay with her.[2][3]

Death and homages
Ana died on May 20, 1880 in Rio de Janeiro.[2][3] In 1926, Carlos Chagas named the first official Brazilian school of nursing after her.[2][3] Her full-body portrait, painted by Victor Meirelles, currently occupies a place of honor at the Salvador City Hall.[2][3] According to the federal law number 12.105, sanctioned by acting president José Alencar on December 2, 2009, Ana Néri is now a character of the Book of the Fatherland Heroes, and will have her name added in the Pantheon of the Fatherland and Freedom,[4] a monument in Brasília consisting of a steel book designed by Oscar Niemeyer.

 
 
 
 

By Vincent Schilling: Sen. Heitkamp Embraces ‘Not Invisible’ Hashtag for Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women

Excerpt:

According to Heitkamp’s office, the efforts of Savanna’s Act and the #NotInvisible hashtag is to help raise awareness and bring this issue out of the shadows so it is no longer invisible. The Senator says she urged tribal leaders, politicians, celebrities and supporters to take a photo with the #NotInvisible hashtag and then post it on Facebook and/or Twitter on the 29th to help highlight these crimes.

On the 29th, tribal leaders, politicians and celebrities responded to Heitkamp’s efforts by posting selfies along with the #NotInvisible hashtag. Among the celebrities and politicians were Senator Jeff Merkley a co-sponsor of the bill, Senator Tom Udall, Senator Tammy Baldwin, Senator Mazie Hirono and actor Mark Ruffalo, who plays the Hulk/Bruce Banner in the latest Thor Ragnarok.

84% of Native American women experience violence in their lifetime. But outside of Indian Country, few people are aware of this epidemic. It’s time to raise awareness and show that these women are #NotInvisible.

— Mark Ruffalo (@MarkRuffalo) November 29, 2017
 
 
 
 
Kayaking with Ilene Price: NOLS WILDERNESS FIRST RESPONDER, AT YOUR SERVICE
 
 
 
 
MOXIE GIRL MUSINGS: #Grief and the Holidays
Christmases with my deceased husband weren’t always the best. I remember that last Christmas before he died when the kids and I ate McDonalds’ at the Sheraton because he’d come home drunk off his ass and we’d needed to flee on Christmas Eve. The bed had been lopsided and the pool had been closed, but the kids had been little and we’d had a “party”–just the three of us–while I muttered to them about “it’s all going to be okay.”

How many times have I said that to them?

One Christmas to the next, some better than others, with one constant–me promising that everything will be okay.

But sometimes they aren’t okay, no matter how bright the Christmas lights or how many presents are piled beneath the tree.
 
 
 
 
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Castles of Ida Grove (Iowa)
 
 
 
 
Commuters~
2018 Ubco 2×2 Utility Bike
 
 
 
 

By Andy Hollis: One Long, Long Lap of America
Shortly after 8 a.m. on May 6, 2017, the first of 68 cars left the parking lot of Tire Rack headquarters in South Bend, Indiana, to begin a 3500-mile odyssey combining fast machines, the open road, circumstance and endurance.

Known officially as the Tire Rack One Lap of America presented by Grassroots Motorsports, its full story is also a collection of intertwining threads, one for each team of participants. Like the Cannonballers that preceded them nearly 50 years ago, their only common elements were start and end points, although these are now daily markers. Unchanged is the way the experience defined each by how they met–or failed to meet–the challenge.” A lifetime of memories would be made in a single all-out motorsports road trip.
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Yes!
By Kelly Faircloth: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Finally Recognizes Woman Who Practically Invented Rock and Roll
 
 
 
 
By Josh Jones: Academic Journal Devotes an Entire Issue to Prince’s Life & Music: Read and Download It for Free
For decades now, academics have made popular culture a worthy area of study, from hip hop, comic books, and Hollywood film and television to video games and internet culture. And for just as long, there have been those who sneered at the disciplines emerging around pop culture studies. But really, what are we to do with someone like Prince, someone so clearly, profoundly, a musical genius, with such an outsized impact on popular culture, that he cannot help being a major historical figure just a year and a half after his death?
 
 
 
 
By Joel Warner: Is California’s Weed Market Ready For Legalization After A Year Of Wildfires?
 
 
 
 
Watch: A yoga-practicing governor freaked Americans out in the 1920s
 
 
 
 
By Duncan Riach: The Most Important Relationship Skill
There is a one key skill that you can develop that will make you masterful in relationships. Without this skill, your relationships will be unsatisfying and short-lived. With this skill, you will be fully in control of your relationship destiny, enjoying relationships that are fulfilling and long-lived. This article focuses deeply on this one key skill.

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Practice becoming aware of each emotional reaction as soon as possible, and then instead of unconsciously having a non-adaptive mental, verbal, or physical reaction, consciously generate an adaptive mental, verbal, or physical response.

 
 
 
 
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By Josephine Sedgwick and Nancy Wartik: 11 Things We Learned From Our Readers This Year
How to speak your love briefly. How to heal from trauma. How to stop thinking and start doing. Here’s what you, our readers, taught us this year.
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: A New Digital Collection From the Library of Congress Provides Online Access to 64 Motion Pictures Named to the National Film Registry
 
 
 
 
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By Shep McAllister: Kinja Deals Wednesday’s Best Deals: Dyson Animal, Anker SoundBuds, Ugg Boots, and More