FYI December 22, 2018

On This Day

 
 
1769 – Sino-Burmese War: The war ends with an uneasy truce.
The Sino-Burmese War (Chinese: 中緬戰爭 or 清緬戰爭; Burmese: တရုတ်-မြန်မာ စစ် (၁၇၆၅–၆၉)), also known as the Qing invasions of Burma or the Myanmar campaign of the Qing dynasty,[2] was a war fought between the Qing dynasty of China and the Konbaung dynasty of Burma (Myanmar). China under the Qianlong Emperor launched four invasions of Burma between 1765 and 1769, which were considered as one of his Ten Great Campaigns. Nonetheless, the war, which claimed the lives of over 70,000 Chinese soldiers and four commanders,[13] is sometimes described as “the most disastrous frontier war that the Qing dynasty had ever waged”,[2] and one that “assured Burmese independence”.[1] Burma’s successful defense laid the foundation for the present-day boundary between the two countries.[13]

At first, the Emperor envisaged an easy war, and sent in only the Green Standard troops stationed in Yunnan. The Qing invasion came as the majority of Burmese forces were deployed in their latest invasion of Siam. Nonetheless, battle-hardened Burmese troops defeated the first two invasions of 1765–1766 and 1766–1767 at the border. The regional conflict now escalated to a major war that involved military maneuvers nationwide in both countries. The third invasion (1767–1768) led by the elite Manchu Bannermen nearly succeeded, penetrating deep into central Burma within a few days’ march from the capital, Ava (Inwa).[14] But the bannermen of northern China could not cope with unfamiliar tropical terrains and lethal endemic diseases, and were driven back with heavy losses.[5] After the close-call, King Hsinbyushin redeployed his armies from Siam to the Chinese front. The fourth and largest invasion got bogged down at the frontier. With the Qing forces completely encircled, a truce was reached between the field commanders of the two sides in December 1769.[2][15]

The Qing kept a heavy military lineup in the border areas of Yunnan for about one decade in an attempt to wage another war while imposing a ban on inter-border trade for two decades.[2] The Burmese, too, were preoccupied with the Chinese threat, and kept a series of garrisons along the border. Twenty years later, when Burma and China resumed a diplomatic relationship in 1790, the Qing unilaterally viewed the act as Burmese submission, and claimed victory.[2] Ultimately the main beneficiaries of this war were the Siamese, who reclaimed most of their territories in the next three years after having lost their capital Ayutthaya to the Burmese in 1767.[14]

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Born On This Day

 
 
1907 – Peggy Ashcroft, English actress (d. 1991)
Dame Edith Margaret Emily Ashcroft, DBE (22 December 1907 – 14 June 1991), known professionally as Peggy Ashcroft, was an English actress whose career spanned more than sixty years, and who, along with contemporaries John Gielgud, Laurence Olivier and Ralph Richardson, dominated the British stage of the mid-20th century.

Born to a comfortable middle-class family, Ashcroft was determined from an early age to become an actress, despite parental opposition. She was working in smaller theatres even before graduating from drama school, and within two years thereafter she was starring in the West End. Ashcroft maintained her leading place in British theatre for the next fifty years. Always attracted by the ideals of permanent theatrical ensembles, she did much of her work for the Old Vic in the early 1930s, John Gielgud’s companies in the 1930s and 1940s, the Royal Shakespeare Company from the 1950s and the National Theatre from the 1970s.

While well regarded in Shakespeare, Ashcroft was also known for her commitment to modern drama, appearing in plays by Bertolt Brecht, Samuel Beckett and Harold Pinter. Her career was almost wholly spent in the live theatre until the 1980s, when she turned to television and cinema with considerable success, winning an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress and several British and European awards.

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FYI

 
 
By Emily Alford: Audrey Geisel, Producer and Widow of Dr. Seuss, Died, and Obituaries Critique Her Parenting Skills
 
 
 
 
By Emily Alford: Saturday Night Social: A Child’s Christmas Wishes Came True After Rancher Found Her Letter to Santa
 
 
 
 
By Elizabeth Werth: Italy’s First Female Racer Was a Driving Advocate for All Women
 
Baroness Maria Antonietta Avanzo (5 February 1889 – 17 January 1977) was the first Italian female racetrack driver and “the most famous Italian woman racing driver of the inter-war period”.[1] She competed in numerous events throughout her career, including racing the Mille Miglia five times. In 1921, she famously drove a twelve-cylinder Packard 299 on the beach of the island of Fanø, in Denmark. She married her husband Baron Eustachio Avanzo in 1908 with whom she had two children, Luisa in 1909 and Renzo in 1911. In her career she fought for the right to compete as a woman, and became an activist for equality for women and a symbol of early feminism.

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By Ellizabeth Werth: That Awesome Snowmobile Model T in “Santa Claus is Comin’ To Town” is a Real Thing
 
 
 
 
The Life of a Conflicted Teacher: Friday Thoughts: A Butt Chewing and Reflection
“You have so much to offer, quit complaining about what you can’t offer. School’s not always about what you can teach, it’s about making it matter to kids, making them feel like they matter, and do you a great job of that!”
 
 
 
 
NBC News: Woman names baby after medic who saved her during wildfire “He was sweet. He told me, ‘I’m a guy. I don’t know what this feels like for you, but I’ll try to help you get you through it,’ ” Anastasia Skinner said.
 
 
The Mercury News Thomas Peele: PG&E: State will consider breaking up or taking over utility giant, citing poor safety record The utility is already staggering from lawsuits and possible reopening of a federal criminal case against it
 
 
 
 
By Doug Stanglin, USA Today: Parkland survivor David Hogg, who was mocked by Fox host over college rejections, finds Ivy League comeback
Hogg rejected her overture. “I’m not going to stoop to her level and go after her on a personal level,” he said at the time. “I’m going to go after her advertisers,” he said.
 
 
 
 
By Maria Clark, NOLA.com | The Times-Picayune: Friday is the Winter Solstice. A full moon and meteor shower will make it extra special.
 
 
 
 
BBC News Gatwick drones: Man and woman from Crawley held
 
 
 
 
TED Talk of the Week – Alex Rosenthal: The joyful, perplexing world of puzzle hunts
 
 
 
 
The Old Motor: North Carolina Chevrolet Dealer Five Day “Washout Sale”, Four Fun Friday Kodachrome Car Photographs Volume 185, A Gargantuan Engine: “There Is Just No Substitute For Cubic Inches” and more->
 
 
 
 
Today’s email was written by Tiffany R. Jansen, edited by Whet Moser, and produced by Luiz Romero. Quartz Obsession: Holiday letters: The festive social media of the 20th century
 
 
 
 
Eden Ashley Mint Notion: [Budgeting 101] What you need to do before creating a budget
 
 
The Passive Voice: How to Start a Book Club, And though I would rather die elsewhere, The Scottish Clearances and more ->
 
 
Just Romantic Suspense: Holiday Giveaway ’18
 
 
Diane Chamberlain Happy Holidays!
 
 

Ideas

 
 
Adele DuranGO Tutorial Team Bayfield, CO: How to Build a Backyard Waterfall up a Slope
 
 
By Hometalk Highlights: 20 Fake Christmas Trees You’ll Wish You’d Seen Sooner
 
 
Best of Hometalk: 11 Budget-Friendly DIY Coffee Tables
 
 
Instructables: Holiday Decor Challenge
 
 
By jessyratfink: How to Decorate for the Holidays
 
 
Cari at Everything Pretty: Scrub Recipes, 15 of the cutest stocking stuffers for her that are under $10. I selected these for women, but to be honest, my preteen daughter would love them too.
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 
Coleen’s Recipes: MONSTER CHOCOLATE CHIP COOKIES
 
 
My Recipe Treasures: Rolo Pretzel Treats, Chocolate Covered Strawberry Christmas Lights, Melt in Your Mouth Sugar Cookies and more ->