On This Day
1783 – Spain–United States relations are first established.
The Spain–United States relations also referred to as the Spanish–American relations, refer to the diplomatic, social, economic and cultural relations between Spain and the United States of America.
The groundwork for interstate relations between Spain and the US was laid by the colonization of parts of the Americas by the Hispanic Monarchy. The first settlement in Florida was Spanish, followed by more permanent, larger colonies in New Mexico, California, with a few elsewhere. The earliest Spanish settlements north of Mexico (known then as New Spain) were the results of the same forces that later led the British to come to that area. In order to add an Spanish dimension to the history of the US, the concept of “Spanish borderlands” (referring to the territories of the United States once claimed by Spain) was proposed in 20th-century historiography to nuance the traditional Anglo-centric vision.
Spain, that provided support to the Thirteen Colonies during the American Revolutionary War against the Kingdom of Great Britain, tacitly recognised the independence of the United States in 1783. The purchase of the Spanish Florida by the US was made effective in 1821. US efforts to buy Cuba in the 1850s failed. When Cuba revolted in the late 19th century American opinion became hostile to Spanish brutality. The Spanish–American War erupted in 1898. The Spanish defeat in the conflict entailed the loss of the last Spanish colonies in the Americas and Southeast Asia, including Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines.
With the onset of the Cold War the US threw a lifeline to the Francoist dictatorship (rather ostracised immediately after World War II), also reaching a deal with Spain to set several military bases in the country in 1953, of which two of them (Morón and Rota) still are jointly operated by the US.
History of Spanish–American relations has been defined as one of “love and hate”.
Born On This Day
1936 – Elizabeth Peer, American journalist (d. 1984)
Elizabeth Peer Jansson (February 3, 1936 – May 26, 1984), born Elizabeth Clow Peer, often just Liz Peer, was a pioneering American journalist who worked for Newsweek from 1958 until her death in 1984. She began her career at Newsweek as a copy girl, at a time when opportunities for women were limited. Osborn Elliott promoted her to writer in 1962; two years later she would be dispatched to Paris as Newsweek’s first female foreign correspondent.
Peer returned to the United States in 1969 to work in Newsweek’s Washington, D.C. bureau. When forty-six of Newsweek’s female employees filed a complaint with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Peer remained on the sidelines. She was passed over for promotion to senior editor in 1973 for reasons that remain unclear. She returned to Paris in 1975 in bureau chief, and became Newsweek’s first female war correspondent in 1977 when she covered the Ogaden War. Her reporting there won her recognition, but she suffered a debilitating injury from which she never recovered, leading to her suicide in 1984.
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After the war, Pearl worked for the World Bank. In 1991, with Henri’s assistance, she established the Valencay SOE memorial, which commemorates the 104 SOE agents who died in the line of duty. The couple retired to Valencay, one of the places she frequented during the war.
One of the most extraordinary women of her age, Pearl died, in the Loire Valley, aged 93.
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