FYI February 12, 2020

On This Day

1593 – Japanese invasion of Korea: Approximately 3,000 Joseon defenders led by general Kwon Yul successfully repel more than 30,000 Japanese forces in the Siege of Haengju.
The Japanese invasions of Korea comprised two separate yet linked operations: an initial invasion in 1592, a brief truce in 1596, and a second invasion in 1597. The conflict ended in 1598 with the withdrawal of the Japanese forces[1][22] from the Korean Peninsula after a military stalemate[23] in Korea’s southern coastal provinces.[24].

The invasions were launched by Toyotomi Hideyoshi with the intent of conquering the Korean Peninsula and China, which were respectively ruled by the Joseon and Ming dynasty. Japan quickly succeeded in occupying large portions of the Korean Peninsula, but the contribution of reinforcements by the Ming,[25][26][27] as well as the disruption of Japanese supply fleets along the western and southern coasts by the Joseon Navy[28][29][30][31] forced a withdrawal of Japanese forces from Pyongyang and the northern provinces to the south, in Busan and nearby southern regions. Afterwards, with guerrilla warfare waged against the Japanese by righteous armies (Joseon civilian militias)[32] and supply difficulties hampering both sides, neither the Japanese nor the combined Ming and Joseon forces were able to mount a successful offensive or gain any additional territory, resulting in a military stalemate. The first phase of the invasion lasted from 1592 until 1596, and was followed by ultimately unsuccessful peace negotiations between Japan and the Ming between 1596 and 1597.

In 1597, Japan renewed its offensive by invading Korea a second time. The pattern of the second invasion largely mirrored that of the first. The Japanese had initial successes on land, capturing several cities and fortresses, only to be halted and forced to withdraw to the southern coastal regions of the peninsula. The pursuing Ming and Joseon forces, however, were unable to dislodge the Japanese from their remaining fortresses and entrenched positions in the southern coastal areas,[33][34][35] where both sides again became locked in a ten-month long military stalemate.

With Hideyoshi’s death in 1598, limited progress on land, and continued disruption of supply lines by the Joseon navy, the Japanese forces in Korea were ordered to withdraw back to Japan by the new governing Council of Five Elders. Final peace negotiations between the parties followed afterwards and continued for several years, ultimately resulting in the normalization of relations.[36]



Born On This Day

1915 – Olivia Hooker, African-American sailor (d. 2018)
Olivia Juliette Hooker (February 12, 1915 – November 21, 2018) was an American psychologist and professor. She was one of the last known survivors of the Tulsa race riots of 1921, and the first African-American woman to enter the U.S. Coast Guard in February 1945. She became a SPAR (Semper Paratus Always Ready), a member of the United States Coast Guard Women’s Reserve, during World War II, earning the rank of Yeoman, Second Class during her service.[1][2] She served in the Coast Guard until her unit was disbanded in mid-1946; she went on to become a psychologist intern at a women’s correctional facility and a clinical professor at Fordham University.[3][4




By David Williams, CNN: The world’s oldest living man is 112. His secret is to just keep smiling and never get angry
The Rural Blog: Database tracks Catholic priests accused of abuse; some names may not appear in your local diocese’s list; Essay explores whether reporters should not vote in primaries, in order to keep their personal politics private; Barrage of complaints about drift of dicamba herbicide overwhelm state agencies that probe pesticide damage and more ->

By Victoria Jaggard, SCIENCE Executive Editor, National Geographic: TODAY’S BIG QUESTION: WHEN IS A NEW DINO DISCOVERED … IN A MUSEUM?


Maria Popova’s Brain Pickings: Midweek pick-me-up: “You are the only person I can talk with about the shade of a cloud, about the song of a thought…”

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By MessyNessy, 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CDLXXXIX): Historical reenactment of a Moa hunt, early 20th century; A Lovingly Converted former panoramic sightseeing bus (for hire); An Appreciation for Bad Neon Lighting; An Ode to the Chinese Typewriter; Derek Truck making his guitar cry whilst BB King and John Mayer watch in disbelief and more ->
By MessyNessy 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CDLXXXVIII): The U.S. Army’s 1st & only ever bicycle division, the 25th Infantry Bicycle Corps in 1897; Pioneering Black Equestrian, Selika Lazevski; Fabulous Fashion of Boney M, 1970s Euro-Caribbean Disco Group; One Husband’s Tribute to a Timeless Love and more ->
Open Culture: David Bowie Became Ziggy Stardust 48 Years Ago This Week: Watch Original Footage; An Archive of Handwritten Traditional Mexican Cookbooks Is Now Online; The Experimental Abstract Films of Pioneering American Animator Mary Ellen Bute (1930s-1950s) and more ->
Today’s email was written by Liz Webber, edited by Whet Moser, and produced by Tori Smith. Quartz Obsession: Voyager: The little spacecraft that could


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Recipe courtesy of Tyler Florence, The Food Network Kitchen: Chocolate Pudding
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