On This Day
1848 – Provisional government in revolutionary France, by Louis Blanc’s motion, guarantees workers’ rights.
The 1848 Revolution in France, sometimes known as the February Revolution (révolution de Février), was one of a wave of revolutions in 1848 in Europe. In France the revolutionary events ended the July Monarchy (1830–1848) and led to the creation of the French Second Republic.
Following the overthrow of King Louis Philippe in February 1848, the elected government of the Second Republic ruled France. In the months that followed, this government steered a course that became more conservative. On 23 June 1848, the people of Paris rose in insurrection, which became known as June Days uprising – a bloody but unsuccessful rebellion by the Paris workers against a conservative turn in the Republic’s course. On 2 December 1848, Louis Napoléon Bonaparte was elected President of the Second Republic, largely on peasant support. Exactly three years later he suspended the elected assembly, establishing the Second French Empire, which lasted until 1870. Louis Napoléon went on to become the de facto last French monarch.
The February revolution established the principle of the “right to work” (droit au travail), and its newly established government created “National Workshops” for the unemployed. At the same time a sort of industrial parliament was established at the Luxembourg Palace, under the presidency of Louis Blanc, with the object of preparing a scheme for the organization of labour. These tensions between liberal Orléanist and Radical Republicans and Socialists led to the June Days Uprising.
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Born On This Day
1670 – Maria Margarethe Kirch, German astronomer and mathematician (d. 1720)
Maria Margaretha Kirch (née Winckelmann, in historic sources named Maria Margaretha Kirchin; 25 February 1670 – 29 December 1720) was a German astronomer, and one of the first famous astronomers of her period due to her writings on the conjunction of the sun with Saturn, Venus, and Jupiter in 1709 and 1712 respectively.
Maria was educated from an early age by her father, a Lutheran minister, who believed that she deserved an education equivalent to that given to young boys of the time. At the age of 13 she had lost both her father and mother. By that time she had also received a general education by her brother-in-law Justinus Toellner and the well-known astronomer Christoph Arnold, who lived nearby. Her education was continued by her uncle. As Maria had an interest in astronomy from an early age, she took the opportunity of studying with Arnold, a self-taught astronomer who worked as a farmer in Sommerfeld, near Leipzig. She became Arnold’s unofficial apprentice and later his assistant, living with him and his family. However, astronomy was not organised entirely along guild lines.
Through Arnold, Maria met the famous German astronomer and mathematician Gottfried Kirch, who was 30 years her senior. They married in 1692, later having four children, all of whom followed in their parents’ footsteps by studying astronomy. In 1700 the couple moved to Berlin, as the elector ruler of Brandenburg Frederick III, later Frederick I of Prussia, had appointed Gottfried Kirch as his royal astronomer.
No one was hurt!
By Jason Torchinsky: In Case You’ve Ever Wanted to Watch a Food Truck Explode Out of Existence, Here You Go
By Gwen Ihnat: Pillsbury Bake-Off winning recipe is an entire cheese plate stuffed into pastry
By Gwen Inhat: Barbecue now available at the Texas Chainsaw Massacre gas station
National Science Foundation: Lifting the economy on hawks’ wings
American kestrels range from Alaska to South America. They dine on bugs, small mammals and fruit-eating birds. More kestrels mean fewer pests, and the tiny hawks’ mere presence can produce measurable improvements, said Catherine Lindell, a Michigan State University (MSU) integrative biologist and study co-author. Growers can attract more of these beneficial birds by building nesting boxes.
The Passive Voice: Blowback; Piracy v. Privacy – the Federal Court Significantly Restores the Balance in Canadian Mass Copyright Litigation by Insisting on “Best Available Evidence”; The Cristiane Serruya Plagiarism Scandal
Today’s email was written by Lucas Reilly, edited by Whet Moser and Adam Pasick, and produced by Luiz Romero. Quartz Obsession 536: Worst. Year. Ever.
By Todd Bookman: CEO Of U.S. Gun-Maker Faces Jail In Germany
By Nina Totenberg: Cross Clash Could Change Rules For Separation Of Church And State
The case before the court goes back almost 100 years, when bereaved mothers in Bladensburg, Md., decided to build a World War I memorial to honor their fallen sons. When they ran out of money, the American Legion took over the project. But by the 1930s, a local parks commission had taken over the war memorial and the responsibility for its maintenance. Today, it sits at a busy five-way intersection, and the message it conveys all depends on whom you ask.
By Stephanie Donovan: Blog Profiles: Artificial Intelligence Blogs
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“My teaching is very blunt: I don’t hide anything. I can disclose that I am a survivor.”
Hibo Wardere, FGM activist
Female genital mutilation was outlawed in England, Wales and Northern Ireland in 2003 and in Scotland in 2005 but Hibo believes school visits have the power to go further by eradicating the practice in private. “My teaching is very blunt: I don’t hide anything. I can disclose that I am a survivor.”
“There’s no silly questions, nothing embarrassing or too personal. You already have them in your corner, they already want to know everything you say, so it inspires me to visit more and more schools every day.
“Knowledge is freedom. We have to use knowledge to combat awful violence.”
NBC News: A meme is born
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Chris Kyle Frog Foundation: We couldn’t do it without you.
Our programs have impacted more than 2,253 family members within the military and first responder community. This number grows each week and the ripple effect reaches 1,000’s more.
By Christine Schmidt: How Mississippi Today and WLBT balance data and broadcast needs while co-investigating stories
“If people have broadband and can access digital news — which is still not a given here in the state — thinking that news can come from a digital outlet is something new to a lot in the state.”
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By Jed Gottlieb: Who cares if arts critics disappear?
MessyNessy 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CCCXLII): Potemkin Villages: Fake towns and villages designed for police or military training; Cave of the Crystals; The Bailong Elevator, China; How to Make Friends; Moving a 7,600 ton building and more ->
The internet is going to be talking about the Oscars all week, so to rescue you from the usual water cooler talk, I thought I’d put together a bonus serving (in addition to your usual order) of 13 Things in Cinema that no one else is talking about…
13 Things in Cinema that no one else is talking about…
How Sex Scenes in Films really work
The Lost Films: Hitchcock, Gatsby and the Oscar Winning Movies that Vanished
These incredible cinema prop houses in New York and in Paris
10 Hotels for Acting out your Favorite Movies
The Girls we should thank for kickstarting Hollywood
Cinema’s First Sex Symbol was also America’s First Goth
The greatest film starring Mick Jagger, Dali and Orson Welles that never got made
That time they rebuilt Paris for the movies
He made the most beautiful films of all time, and they put him in prison for it
The Godfather Bar in Sicily, is still open
Let’s sneak into California’s Most Beautiful Art Deco Cinemas
The abandoned secret cinema of the Sinai Desert
10 American Indie Alternatives for an anti-Oscars movie night