On This Day
1616 – Galileo Galilei is formally banned by the Roman Catholic Church from teaching or defending the view that the earth orbits the sun.
The Galileo affair (Italian: il processo a Galileo Galilei) began around 1610 and culminated with the trial and condemnation of Galileo Galilei by the Roman Catholic Inquisition in 1633. Galileo was prosecuted for his support of heliocentrism, the astronomical model in which the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun at the centre of the Solar System.
In 1610, Galileo published his Sidereus Nuncius (Starry Messenger), describing the surprising observations that he had made with the new telescope, among them, the Galilean moons of Jupiter. With these observations and additional observations that followed, such as the phases of Venus, he promoted the heliocentric theory of Nicolaus Copernicus published in De revolutionibus orbium coelestium in 1543. Galileo’s discoveries were met with opposition within the Catholic Church, and in 1616 the Inquisition declared heliocentrism to be “formally heretical.” Heliocentric books were banned and Galileo was ordered to abstain from holding, teaching or defending heliocentric ideas.
Galileo went on to propose a theory of tides in 1616, and of comets in 1619; he argued that the tides were evidence for the motion of the Earth. In 1632 Galileo published his Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, which implicitly defended heliocentrism, and was immensely popular. Responding to mounting controversy over theology, astronomy and philosophy, the Roman Inquisition tried Galileo in 1633 and found him “vehemently suspect of heresy”, sentencing him to indefinite imprisonment. Galileo was kept under house arrest until his death in 1642.
Born On This Day
1842 – Camille Flammarion, French astronomer and author (d. 1925)
Nicolas Camille Flammarion FRAS (French: [nikɔla kamij flamaʁjɔ̃]; 26 February 1842 – 3 June 1925) was a French astronomer and author. He was a prolific author of more than fifty titles, including popular science works about astronomy, several notable early science fiction novels, and works on psychical research and related topics. He also published the magazine L’Astronomie, starting in 1882. He maintained a private observatory at Juvisy-sur-Orge, France.
Clive Eric Cussler (July 15, 1931 – February 24, 2020) was an American adventure novelist and underwater explorer. His thriller novels, many featuring the character Dirk Pitt, have reached The New York Times fiction best-seller list more than 20 times. Cussler was the founder and chairman of the National Underwater and Marine Agency (NUMA), which has discovered more than 60 shipwreck sites and numerous other notable underwater wrecks. He is the sole author or lead author of more than 80 books.
His novels have inspired various other works of fiction in the form of films, TV, other novels and even video games.
Read more ->
By Zachary Keyser, Jerusalem Post Israel News: Tel Aviv University researchers discover a non-breathing living animal “Living in an oxygen-free environment, it has shed unnecessary genes responsible for aerobic respiration and become an even simpler organism” – lead researcher Prof. Dorothee Huchon of TAU.
GlacierHub Newsletter — Feb. 24, 2020: With 7,253 glaciers, Pakistan has more area under ice cover than any other country in the Hindu Kush Himalaya. With a new long term monitoring program, the nation will start observing them. More ->
Carol at Make a Living Writing, Evan Jensen: Blog Writing Workout: 10 Expert-Blogger Tips for Rock-Solid Success
Kathryn’s Report: Robinson R44 II, N716JL: Accident occurred February 20, 2020 in Denali National Park, Alaska; Luscombe 8A, N77875: Fatal accident occurred February 21, 2020 in Wasco County, Oregon and more ->
The Seattle Times: Tuesday Evening Brief: Coronavirus outbreaks in the U.S. not ‘if,’ but ‘when,’ health officials warn; An hour-by-hour guide for a wintertime Whidbey Island day trip and more ->
Jessica Lessin, The information: Video Q&A – Facebook: The Inside Story with Steven Levy
NSFW, Possibly offensive
By Meghan Splawn, The Kitchn: 12 Sweet, Salty, and Totally Irresistible Ways to Make Chex Party Mix
By Melissa Harrison Jameson, The Kitchn: 12 of Our Fastest & Most Flavorful Instant Pot Recipes — Ever
The Crimson Plate: Air Fryer GF Sesame Orange Chicken
Molly Yeh’s Best Dessert Recipes: S’mores Pie