FYI January 08, 2019

On This Day

1454 – The papal bull Romanus Pontifex awards the Kingdom of Portugal exclusive trade and colonization rights to all of Africa south of Cape Bojador.
Romanus Pontifex, Latin for “The Roman Pontiff”,[1] is a papal bull written in 1454 by Pope Nicholas V to King Afonso V of Portugal. As a follow-up to the Dum Diversas, it confirmed to the Crown of Portugal dominion over all lands south of Cape Bojador in Africa. Along with encouraging the seizure of the lands of Saracen Turks and non-Christians, it repeated the earlier bull’s permission for the enslavement of such peoples. The bull’s primary purpose was to forbid other Christian nations from infringing the King of Portugal’s rights of trade and colonisation in these regions, particularly amid the Portuguese and Castilian competition for ascendancy over new lands discovered.[2]

This bull should not be confused with a September 21, 1451 bull by the same name, also written by Nicholas V, relieving the dukes of Austria from any potential ecclesiastical censure for permitting Jews to dwell there.[3]


Born On This Day

1037 – Su Dongpo, Chinese calligrapher and poet (d. 1101)
Su Shi (simplified Chinese: 苏轼; traditional Chinese: 蘇軾) (8 January 1037 – 24 August 1101), courtesy name Zizhan, (Chinese: 子瞻), art name Dongpo (simplified Chinese: 东坡; traditional Chinese: 東坡), was a Chinese writer, poet, painter, calligrapher, pharmacologist, gastronome, and a statesman of the Song dynasty. A major personality of the Song era, Su was an important figure in Song Dynasty politics, aligning himself with Sima Guang and others, against the New Policy party led by Wang Anshi.

Su Shi is widely regarded as one of the most accomplished figures in classical Chinese literature, having produced some of the most well-known poems, lyrics, prose, and essays. Su Shi was famed as an essayist, and his prose writings lucidly contribute to the understanding of topics such as 11th-century Chinese travel literature or detailed information on the contemporary Chinese iron industry. His poetry has a long history of popularity and influence in China, Japan, and other areas in the near vicinity and is well known in the English-speaking parts of the world through the translations by Arthur Waley, among others. In terms of the arts, Su Shi has some claim to being “the pre-eminent personality of the eleventh century.”[2] Dongpo pork, a prominent dish in Hangzhou cuisine, is named in his honor.





By Kelly Faircloth: ‘Godmother of Title IX’ Dr. Bernice Sandler Dies

Bernice Resnick Sandler, “Bunny” (March 3, 1928 – January 5, 2019)[1] was an American women’s rights activist from New York.[2][3][4] Sandler is best known for being instrumental in the creation of Title IX, a portion of the Education Amendments of 1972, in conjunction with Representatives Edith Green (D-OR) and Patsy Mink (D-HI) and Senator Birch Bayh (D-IN) in the 1970s.[5][6][7][8] She has been called “the Godmother of Title IX” by The New York Times.[9]

Sandler wrote extensively about sexual and peer harassment towards women on campus, coining the terms “gang rape” and “the chilly campus climate”.[9][2]

She received numerous awards and honors for her work on women’s rights and was inducted into the Maryland Women’s Hall of Fame in 2010, and the National Women’s Hall of Fame in 2013.[10][5] Some of her papers are currently held in the Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, at the Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.[11]

By Bradley Brownell: Buy More Miatas
By Dell Cameron: Black Market for Your Location Data Apparently Thriving Despite Privacy Vow by T-Mobile’s John Legere and Others
By George Dvorsky: Iguanas Reintroduced to the Largest Galapagos Island After Nearly 200 Year Absence
Gastro Obscura: Why Cider Means Something Completely Different in America and Europe and more ->
Forbes Daily Dozen: January 08, 2019
By Molly Fosco & Nick Fouriezos: Can He Rehabilitate Wounded Warriors With New Age Medicine?
Why you should care
Because he’s bringing a new style of medicine to an old-school organization — the U.S. military.

By Sameer Rao: New Website Maps Systems That Oppress Black Women and Girls Color of Change launched in tandem with the airing of “Surviving R. Kelly.”

By Terry Gross: Childbirth injury led a new mom to start a parenting podcast ‘To Feel Less Alone’
By Chrisitne Schmidt: Local public meetings are a scrape and a tap away, on City Bureau’s Documenters tool
Google AdSense: [Infographic] Traffic tips
CBS News: Facility CEO resigns after woman in vegetative state gives birth; new allegations emerge
Hacienda has been under intense scrutiny since the 29-year-old Native American woman had the healthy baby boy December 29, the station said. The patient has been in a vegetative state for 14 years, since a near-drowning incident, KPHO noted.
By Hannah Osborne: He Jiankui, the Chinese Scientist Who Gene-edited Babies, May Face Death Penalty, colleague says
By Teresa Mioli: ICFJ opens nominations for the 2019 Knight International Journalism Awards
The Rural Blog: Supreme Court rejects fast-track challenges to livestock-confinement laws in California and Massachusetts, Rural telecoms, groups oppose T-Mobile/Sprint merger, New app connects beekeepers and farmers and more->
By Victoria Song: Fossil’s Kate Spade Smartwatch Finally Isn’t Just Dumb Wrist Candy

By Saphora Smith: French Prime Minister says masks will be banned at protests amid ‘yellow vest’ movement Troublemakers will also be forced to pay for property damage occurring during demonstrations, instead of taxpayers.
Open Culture Josh Jones: The “David Bowie Is” Exhibition Is Now Available as an Augmented Reality Mobile App That’s Narrated by Gary Oldman: For David Bowie’s Birthday Today
Adina Mayo: 2019 Bullet Journal Set Up
By James Clear: The Surprising Benefits of Journaling One Sentence Every Day


Brittany @by Brittany Goldwyn Hometalker Frederick, MD: DIY Drawer Organizer for Spices (Organize Spices Once and for All!!)
By Charles Cranford: Giant Gee Haw Whimmy Diddle




By In The Kitchen With Matt: Sponge Cake (Only 3 Ingredients!)
By Dunning3030: Buttery Biscuits

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