FYI January 31, 2018


 
 

 
 
 
 

On This Day

1958 – The first successful American satellite detects the Van Allen radiation belt.
A Van Allen radiation belt is a zone of energetic charged particles, most of which originate from the solar wind that is captured by and held around a planet by that planet’s magnetic field. The Earth has two such belts and sometimes others may be temporarily created. The discovery of the belts is credited to James Van Allen, and as a result the Earth’s belts are known as the Van Allen belts. Earth’s two main belts extend from an altitude of about 500 to 58,000 kilometers[1] above the surface in which region radiation levels vary. Most of the particles that form the belts are thought to come from solar wind and other particles by cosmic rays.[2] By trapping the solar wind, the magnetic field deflects those energetic particles and protects the Earth’s atmosphere from destruction.

The belts are located in the inner region of the Earth’s magnetosphere. The belts trap energetic electrons and protons. Other nuclei, such as alpha particles, are less prevalent. The belts endanger satellites, which must have their sensitive components protected with adequate shielding if they spend significant time in that zone. In 2013, NASA reported that the Van Allen Probes had discovered a transient, third radiation belt, which was observed for four weeks until it was destroyed by a powerful, interplanetary shock wave from the Sun.[3]


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Born On This Day

1881 – Irving Langmuir, American chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1957)
Irving Langmuir /ˈlæŋmjʊər/[3] (January 31, 1881 – August 16, 1957) was an American chemist and physicist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1932 for his work in surface chemistry.

Langmuir’s most famous publication is the 1919 article “The Arrangement of Electrons in Atoms and Molecules” in which, building on Gilbert N. Lewis’s cubical atom theory and Walther Kossel’s chemical bonding theory, he outlined his “concentric theory of atomic structure”.[4] Langmuir became embroiled in a priority dispute with Lewis over this work; Langmuir’s presentation skills were largely responsible for the popularization of the theory, although the credit for the theory itself belongs mostly to Lewis.[5] While at General Electric from 1909 to 1950, Langmuir advanced several fields of physics and chemistry, invented the gas-filled incandescent lamp and the hydrogen welding technique. The Langmuir Laboratory for Atmospheric Research near Socorro, New Mexico, was named in his honor, as was the American Chemical Society journal for surface science called Langmuir.[1]

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FYI

TRIGGER WARNING: This post deals with an account of physical and emotional abuse and may be triggering to some people.
By Frantzces Lys: Twisted Love: What I Learned from Being in an Abusive Relationship
 
 
 
 
By Greg Jeanneau: Most cameras end up dusty on a shelf
 
 
 
 
By Kathleen Davis: This Is What It’s Like To Not Own A Smartphone In 2018
 
 
 
 
By Alex Pasternak: How A Quake In Alaska Moved The Rarest Fish To Spawn In Death Valley
 
 
 
 
By Ben Paynter: This Better-Designed Court Summons Is Keeping People Out Of Jail
The solution: Redesign the summons. By re-thinking the look of a standard summons alone, the failure-to-appear rate for people who received the redesigned paperwork dropped by 13%. Many of the tickets also collected cell phone numbers from the defendants, allowing the city to try some text interventions. Together, the new summons and text reminders caused a 36% drop in those skipping court.
 
 
 
 
By Gelnn Fleishman: A First Look At The Spheres, Amazon’s Wild New Corporate Biodome
 
 
 
 
By Shoshanna Solomon: Israeli entrepreneur calls for NATO-style cybersecurity alliance

 
 
 
 
By Anna Jasinski: Five Questions with Zig’s CEO and Co-Founder: How the App is Shaking Up the Way People Engage with News
 
 
 
 
By Heather Chapman: Hunting and fishing teacher named National Rural Teacher of the Year
“It was the impact on the kids,” Pratt told Tom Dinki of the Olean Times Herald, “and, I think, the hands-on approach and that he could reach the highest academic student to the student that may not be at the highest level.” Jordan also teaches the kids with hands-on activities close to home; he built a fish hatchery, log cabin and deer enclosure on the school grounds. The students have a nationally televised show (which they edit) called CRCS Outdoors that airs on the Pursuit Channel.
 
 
 
 
By Heather Chapman: Senators call for new rule to help fight rural opioid crisis
“Sens. Claire McCaskill (D-Mo.) and Alaska’s two Republican senators — Lisa Murkowski and Dan Sullivan — are requesting the Drug Enforcement Administration issue a new regulation that would let certain health-care providers obtain a special registration letting them use telemedicine to prescribe medication for an opioid addiction,” Rachel Roubein reports for The Hill.
 
 
 
 
What I have found disheartening is many folks have purchased bake goods throughout the years from these bakeries but when these long-term customers want a wedding cake bakery owners just flip out.
Through the Gates talks wedding cakes, LGBT rights with Steve Sanders
 
 
 
 
By Jake Buehler: Disease Appears to Be Changing This Rare Hawaiian Bird’s Song
 
 
 
 
By David Nield: How to Keep Your Family and Friends From Snooping on Your Laptop and Phone
 
 
 
 
By Patrick Redford: Quiksilver CEO Pierre Agnes Is Missing At Sea
 
 
 
 
Original story by News24, written by Simon Bloch: Hunter shot and killed while hunting captive-bred lions
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: New From LIBER: “A Digital Humanities Reading List: Part One (Policies and Profiles)”
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: New Report From The Aspen Institute and Colorado State Library: “Libraries: Building Community Resilience in Colorado”
 
 
 
 
By Eric Grundhauser: Why Maryland Loves Jousting
 
 
 
 
By Dan Nosowitz: Decoding the Design of In-Flight Seat Belts
 
 
 
 
By Scotty Gilbertson: Haulin’ Hauler! 1979 Chevrolet Corvette Pickup
 
 
 
 
By Shawna Bailey: How to Make Your Own Goo Gone
 
 
 
 

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Recipes

The Runner’s Plate: Stacked Veggie Enchiladas

By Stella Blackmon: Do or Don’t: Slow Cookers