FYI July 12, 13, 14 & 15, 2022

On This Day

1576 – Mughal Empire annexes Bengal after defeating the Bengal Sultanate at the Battle of Rajmahal.[7]
The Battle of Rajmahal (Bengali: রাজমহলের জঙ্গ) was a battle that took place between the Mughal Empire and the Karrani Dynasty that ruled the Sultanate of Bengal in the 16th century. The battle resulted in a decisive victory for the Mughals. During the battle, the last Sultan of Bengal, Daud Khan Karrani, was captured and later executed by the Mughals.


1586 – Anglo–Spanish War: A convoy of English ships from the Levant Company manage to repel a fleet of eleven Spanish and Maltese galleys off the Mediterranean island of Pantelleria.[1]
The Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604) was an intermittent conflict between the Habsburg Kingdom of Spain and the Kingdom of England. It was never formally declared.[2] The war included much English privateering against Spanish ships, and several widely separated battles. It began with England’s military expedition in 1585 to what was then the Spanish Netherlands under the command of the Earl of Leicester, in support of the Dutch rebellion against Spanish Habsburg rule.

The English enjoyed a victory at Cádiz in 1587, and repelled the Spanish Armada in 1588, but then suffered heavy setbacks: the English Armada (1589), the Drake–Hawkins expedition (1595), and the Essex–Raleigh expedition (1597). Three further Spanish armadas were sent against England and Ireland in 1596, 1597, and 1601, but these likewise ended in failure for Spain, mainly because of adverse weather.

The war became deadlocked around the turn of the 17th century during campaigns in the Netherlands, France, and Ireland. It was brought to an end with the Treaty of London (1604), negotiated between Philip III of Spain and the new king of England, James I. In the treaty, England and Spain agreed to cease their military interventions in the Spanish Netherlands and Ireland, respectively, and the English ended their high seas privateering.


1596 – Anglo-Spanish War: English and Dutch troops sack the Spanish city of Cádiz before leaving the next day.[5]
The Capture of Cádiz in 1596 was an event during the Anglo-Spanish War, when English and Dutch troops under Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, and a large Anglo-Dutch fleet under Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham, with support from the Dutch United Provinces, raided the Spanish city of Cádiz.

Due to the Spanish commander’s lack of foresight and organisation, the Anglo-Dutch forces met little resistance. In order to deny the raiders their prize the Spanish set fire to their fleet anchored in the Bay of Cádiz; the attacking forces disembarked, captured, sacked, and burned the city and took hostage several of the city’s prominent citizens, who were taken back to England to await payment of their ransom.

The economic losses caused during the sacking were numerous: the city was burned, as was the fleet, in what was one of the principal English victories in the course of the war. Despite its failure in its primary objective of seizing the Spanish treasure fleet’s silver, the raid contributed to Spain’s declaration of bankruptcy the following year.


484 BC – Dedication of the Temple of Castor and Pollux in ancient Rome

The Temple of Castor and Pollux (Italian: Tempio dei Dioscuri) is an ancient temple in the Roman Forum, Rome, central Italy.[1] It was originally built in gratitude for victory at the Battle of Lake Regillus (495 BC). Castor and Pollux (Greek Polydeuces) were the Dioscuri, the “twins” of Gemini, the twin sons of Zeus (Jupiter) and Leda. Their cult came to Rome from Greece via Magna Graecia and the Greek culture of Southern Italy.[2]

The Roman temple is one of a number of known Dioscuri temples remaining from antiquity.


Born On This Day

1468 – Juan del Encina, Spanish poet, playwright, and composer (probable;[19] d. 1530)
Juan del Encina (July 12, 1468 – 1529 or 1530)[1] was a composer, poet, and playwright,[2]: 535  often called the founder, along with Gil Vicente, of Spanish drama.[1] His birth name was Juan de Fermoselle.[1] He spelled his name Enzina, but this is not a significant difference; it is two spellings of the same sound, in a time when “correct spelling” as we know it barely existed.


1607 – Wenceslaus Hollar, Czech-English painter and illustrator (d. 1677)
Wenceslaus Hollar (23 July 1607 – 25 March 1677) was a prolific and accomplished Bohemian graphic artist of the 17th century, who spent much of his life in England. He is known to German speakers as Wenzel Hollar; and to Czech speakers as Václav Hollar Czech: [ˈvaːtslav ˈɦolar]. He is particularly noted for his engravings and etchings. He was born in Prague, died in London, and was buried at St Margaret’s Church, Westminster.[1]


926 – Murakami, emperor of Japan (d. 967)
Emperor Murakami (村上天皇, Murakami-tennō, 14 July 924 – 5 July 967) was the 62nd emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2]

Murakami’s reign spanned the years from 946 to his death in 967.[3]


1478 – Barbara Jagiellon, duchess consort of Saxony and Margravine consort of Meissen (d. 1534)
Barbara Jagiellon (15 July 1478 – 15 February 1534[1]) was a Polish princess member of the Jagiellonian dynasty and by marriage Duchess of Saxony.

Born in Sandomierz, she was the sixth daughter of King Casimir IV of Poland and Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria. She was named after her great-grandmother, Barbara of Cilli, Holy Roman Empress.


NASA: Astronomy Picture of the Day
By Ernie Smith, Tedium: Class, Dismissed Why class, a common topic in British comedy, too rarely gets discussed in American culture.

By Ernie Smith, Tedium: Longform Brevity Alt-form storytelling, a key magazine-and-newspaper design trend, hasn’t truly flourished on the modern internet. Axios could go way further than it does.
By Ernie Smith & Yuri Litvinenko, Tedium: No Hiding These Logos How Intel turned the PC industry into its collective co-op marketing partner through a strong sticker game, an idea Microsoft used to push Windows sales.

By Josh Jones, Open Culture: Walter Benjamin Explains How Fascism Uses Mass Media to Turn Politics Into Spectacle (1935)

By Kim Komondo, Breaking Tech News: Wait to update your iPhone BMW charging for heated seats 🏡 Tiny homes on Amazon and more ->


By MadeByBarb: Up-Cycled Leather Leaf Bucket Purse


By PeterD9: Faux Sourdough Bread in a Bread Machine
By LaviBakeHouse: Pizzas, Pizza Sauce and Bread Sticks
By Paula Skulina, Food Talk Daily: Cheese Slaw – A Favorite Summer Dip
By navneetha: Veg Zingy Parcel
By Recipe Roundups, Food Talk Daily: 10 Yummy Recipes You Can Cook in Your Dutch Oven
Just the Recipe: Paste the URL to any recipe, click submit, and it’ll return literally JUST the recipe- no ads, no life story of the writer, no nothing EXCEPT the recipe.




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