On This Day
1505 – The M8.2–8.8 Lo Mustang earthquake affects Tibet and Nepal, causing severe damage in Kathmandu and parts of the Indo-Gangetic plain.
The 1505 Lo Mustang earthquake (Nepali: सन् १५०५ को मुस्ताङ भूकम्प) occurred on 6 June 1505 and had an estimated magnitude between 8.2 and 8.8 making it one of the largest earthquakes in Nepalese history. The earthquake killed an approximate 30 percent of the Nepalese population at the time. The earthquake was located in northern Nepal, affected southern China, and northern India
Born On This Day
1851 – Angelo Moriondo, Italian inventor of the espresso machine (d. 1914)
Angelo Moriondo (6 June 1851 – 31 May 1914) was an Italian inventor, who is usually credited with patenting the earliest known espresso machine, in 1884. His machine used a combination of steam and boiling water to efficiently brew coffee.
Moriondo came from an entrepreneurial family. His grandfather founded a liqueur producing company that was continued by his father Giacomo, who later founded the chocolate company Moriondo and Gariglio, along with his brother Agostino and cousin Gariglio. Angelo purchased the Grand-Hotel Ligure in the city-centre Piazza Carlo Felice and the American Bar in the Galleria Nazionale of Via Roma.
First espresso machine
Moriondo presented his invention at the General Expo of Turin in 1884, where it was awarded the bronze medal. The patent was awarded for a period of six years on 16 May 1884 under the title of “New steam machinery for the economic and instantaneous confection of coffee beverage, method ‘A. Moriondo’.” The machine was built by a mechanic named Martina, working under the direct supervision of the inventor.
It was successively updated with a patent on 20 November 1884, Vol 34, No, 381. The invention was then confirmed by international patent application after being registered in Paris on 23 October 1885. In the following years, Moriondo continued to improve his invention drastically, each improvement being patented.
Moriondo never took the invention to industrial-scale production. He limited himself to the construction of a few hand-built machines, which he jealously conserved in his establishments, convinced that this was a significant advertisement for them.
Ian Bersten, a historian chronicling the history of coffee, describes the device as “the first Italian bar machine that controlled the supply of steam and water separately through the coffee” and Moriondo as “one of the earliest discoverers of the expresso machine.” Unlike true espresso machines, it was a bulk brewer, and did not brew coffee for the individual customer.
On 6 June 2022, search engine Google commemorated Moriondo with a Doodle on his 171st birthday.
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NASA: Astronomy Picture of the Day
11 Alive: Former Bon Jovi bassist, founding member Alec John Such dies Bon Jovi credited Such for bringing the band together, noting that he was a childhood friend of drummer Tico Torres.
By Meghan Rabbitt, Country Living: 11 Biggest Benefits of Walking to Improve Your Health, According to Doctors Lower your blood pressure, lose weight, and feel less stress by following this science-backed advice.
By Lorraine Boissoneault, Smithsonian Magazine: The Senator Who Stood Up to Joseph McCarthy When No One Else Would Margaret Chase Smith was the first woman to serve in both the House and the Senate and always defended her values, even when it meant opposing her party.
“It is high time we stopped thinking politically as Republicans and Democrats about elections and started thinking patriotically as Americans about national security based on individual freedom.”
Those words, spoken by Margaret Chase Smith, freshman senator from Maine, never mentioned Joseph McCarthy by name, but it was abundantly clear to all who listened that her criticisms were leveled directly at him. Her speech represented a highlight for the congressional maverick with a career full of similar moments of bipartisanship.
Politico: Two Professors Found What Creates a Mass Shooter. Will Politicians Pay Attention? Mass shooters overwhelmingly fit a certain profile, say Jillian Peterson and James Densley, which means it’s possible to ID and treat them before they commit violence.
POLITICO: Can you take us through the profile of mass shooters that emerged from your research?
Peterson: There’s this really consistent pathway. Early childhood trauma seems to be the foundation, whether violence in the home, sexual assault, parental suicides, extreme bullying. Then you see the build toward hopelessness, despair, isolation, self-loathing, oftentimes rejection from peers. That turns into a really identifiable crisis point where they’re acting differently. Sometimes they have previous suicide attempts.
By Jen Hinkkala: Abuse is Like an Iceberg: The Cruelty and Pain You Never See
On the surface, in the public eye, it can seem trivial. It might look like the seemingly harmless teasing of a child or romantic partner, joking about words they have mispronounced or silly mistakes they have made. Inane mistakes like putting on a shirt backward, burning something in the oven, or losing their keys. Mistakes that everyone makes.
Abuse might sound like judgmental comments that appear to come from a place of compassion. Comments like:
My daughter doesn’t apply herself; she’s lazy, and I wish she would care about her education so she can make something of herself.
At the moment she likes girls, but I’m sure she’ll grow out of it because I just want her to be happy and get married and have a family.
I wish he would make plans and stick to them instead of changing careers every five minutes; he would be so much happier.
Sometimes on the surface abuse can sound like frustration:
I wish she would just pick up after herself; it annoys me that I have to live in a pigsty.
She doesn’t do well in school, which is embarrassing for me because I am a teacher.
He never has any time for me; he’s so selfish, and all he thinks about is his work.
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