On This Day
793 – Vikings raid the abbey at Lindisfarne in Northumbria, commonly accepted as the beginning of Norse activity in the British Isles.
Norse activity in the British Isles occurred during the Early Middle Ages when Norsemen from Scandinavia travelled to Great Britain and Ireland to settle, trade or raid. Those who came to the British Isles have been generally referred to[by whom?] as Vikings, but scholars debate whether the term Viking represented all Norse settlers or just those who raided.[need quotation to verify]
At the start of the Early Medieval period, Norse kingdoms in Scandinavia had developed trade links reaching as far as southern Europe and the Mediterranean, giving them access to foreign imports such as silver, gold, bronze and spices. These trade links also extended westward into Ireland and Britain.
In the last decade of the 8th century, Norse raiders sacked a series of Christian monasteries located in what is now the United Kingdom, beginning in 793 with a raid on the coastal monastery of Lindisfarne on the north-east coast of England. The following year they sacked the nearby Monkwearmouth-Jarrow Abbey, and in 795 they attacked again, raiding Iona Abbey on Scotland’s west coast.
Born On This Day
1860 – Alicia Boole Stott, Irish-English mathematician and theorist (d. 1940)
Alicia Boole Stott (8 June 1860 – 17 December 1940) was an Irish-English mathematician. Despite never holding an academic position, she made a number of valuable contributions to the field, receiving an honorary doctorate from the University of Groningen. She is best known for coining the term “polytope” for a convex solid in four (or more) dimensions, and having an impressive grasp of four-dimensional geometry from a very early age.[1
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