FYI June 15, 2020

On This Day

1300 – The city of Bilbao is founded.
Bilbao (/bɪlˈbaʊ, -ˈbɑːoʊ/, also US: /-ˈbeɪoʊ/,[3][4][5] Spanish: [bilˈβao]; Basque: Bilbo [bilβo]) is a city in northern Spain, the largest city in the province of Biscay and in the Basque Country as a whole. It is also the largest city proper in northern Spain. Bilbao is the tenth largest city in Spain, with a population of 345,141 as of 2015.[6] The Bilbao metropolitan area has 1,037,847 inhabitants,[7][8][9] making it one of the most populous metropolitan areas in northern Spain; with a population of 875,552[10] the comarca of Greater Bilbao is the fifth-largest urban area in Spain. Bilbao is also the main urban area in what is defined as the Greater Basque region.

Bilbao is situated in the north-central part of Spain, some 16 kilometres (10 mi) south of the Bay of Biscay, where the economic social development is located, where the estuary of Bilbao is formed. Its main urban core is surrounded by two small mountain ranges with an average elevation of 400 metres (1,300 ft).[11] Its climate is shaped by the Bay of Biscay low-pressure systems and mild air, moderating summer temperatures by Iberian standards, with low sunshine and high rainfall. The annual temperature range is low for its latitude.

After its foundation in the early 14th century by Diego López V de Haro, head of the powerful Haro family, Bilbao was a commercial hub of the Basque Country that enjoyed significant importance in Green Spain. This was due to its port activity based on the export of iron extracted from the Biscayan quarries. Throughout the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth, Bilbao experienced heavy industrialisation, making it the centre of the second-most industrialised region of Spain, behind Barcelona.[12][13] At the same time an extraordinary population explosion prompted the annexation of several adjacent municipalities. Nowadays, Bilbao is a vigorous service city that is experiencing an ongoing social, economic, and aesthetic revitalisation process, started by the iconic Bilbao Guggenheim Museum,[12][14][15][16] and continued by infrastructure investments, such as the airport terminal, the rapid transit system, the tram line, the Azkuna Zentroa, and the currently under development Abandoibarra and Zorrozaurre renewal projects.[17]

Bilbao is also home to football club Athletic Club de Bilbao, a significant symbol for Basque nationalism[18] due to its promotion of only Basque players and one of the most successful clubs in Spanish football history.

On 19 May 2010, the city of Bilbao was recognised with the Lee Kuan Yew World City Prize, awarded by the city state of Singapore, in collaboration with the Swedish Nobel Academy.[19] Considered the Nobel Prize for urbanism, it was handed out on 29 June 2010. On 7 January 2013, its mayor, Iñaki Azkuna, received the 2012 World Mayor Prize awarded every two years by the British foundation The City Mayors Foundation, in recognition of the urban transformation experienced by the Biscayan capital since the 1990s.[20][21] On 8 November 2017, Bilbao was chosen the Best European City 2018 at The Urbanism Awards 2018, awarded by the international organisation The Academy of Urbanism.[22]

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Born On This Day

1878 – Margaret Abbott, Indian-American golfer (d. 1955)[6]
Margaret Ives Abbott (June 15, 1878 – June 10, 1955)[2] was an American golfer. She was the first American woman to win an Olympic event: the women’s golf tournament at the 1900 Paris Games.

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FYI

The Rural Blog: Study cites benefits of telehealth; commentary says mental telehealth is ‘clinically equivalent to in-person care’ and more ->
 
 
 
 
By Stephanie Donovan, Beyond Bylines: Blog Profiles: Political Blogs
 
 
 
 
By Ryan McCarthy and Maryam Jameel, Pro Publica: The Postal Service Is Steadily Getting Worse — Can It Handle a National Mail-In Election? Postal delays and mistakes have marred primary voting, and after years of budget cuts and plant closures, mail delivery has slowed so much that ballot deadlines in many states are no longer realistic.
 
 
 
 
By Agnes Chang, Pro Publica: “They Were the Authority and I Didn’t Argue With Authority” In an era before rape kits, Sue Royston decided to fight for justice even though the police doubted her, the prosecution discouraged her, and those around her dismissed her story.
 
 
 
 
By MessyNessy 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CDXCXVII): The Real Jamaican bobsleigh team that inspired Cool Runnings; The Digital Art of Jp Cummins; Abandoned Checkpoints Across Europe; Loosen up with Racquel Welch circa 1967 in Vietnam and more ->
 
 
 
 

The War Horse: Finding Peace in Lederhosen and more ->
 
 
 
 

The Ben Shapiro Show: Sunday Special: Ep. 53 – The 75th Anniversary Of D-Day
 
 
 
 

By Colin Marshall, Open Culture: Take a Virtual Drive through London, Tokyo, Los Angeles & 45 Other World Cities
 
 
 
 

Perfectly Destressed: Monarch Butterfly Waystation
 
 
 
 
By STORIES OF NORTHERN CANADA AND ALASKA: Caterpillar Dozers
 
bSTORIES OF NORTHERN CANADA AND ALASKA: Correction about D8 Caterpillar
 
 
 
 
Matt Goff, Sitka Nature: Sitka Nature Show #212 – Elizabeth Graham (encore)
 
 
 
 
Weekly digest for Hannah Howe, on June 15, 2020. #53
It’s an amazing fact that the vast majority of the female Resistance fighters I have researched lived well into their nineties.
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

Recipes

By Emily Racette Parulski, Taste of Home: The Best Salad in Every State
 
 
Chocolate Covered Katie: Vegan Recipes For Carnivores