On This Day
1305 – A peace treaty between the Flemish and the French is signed at Athis-sur-Orge.
The Treaty of Athis-sur-Orge was a peace treaty signed on 23 June 1305 between King Philip IV of France and Robert III of Flanders. The treaty was signed at Athis-sur-Orge after the Battle of Mons-en-Pévèle and concluded the Franco-Flemish War (1297-1305).
Based on the terms of the treaty, Walloon Flanders, being the cities of Lille, Douai, and Orchies, were allocated to the French crown. In return, Flanders was allowed to preserve its independence with the Count of Flanders ruling as supreme authority. At the same time, the treaty provided a yearly penalty of 20.000 pond and reparations of 400.000 pond paid by the Flemish.
Uprisings following the treaty
Because the financial terms of the treaty were so hard, it was met with wide popular disapproval in Flanders. A riot broke out in Bruges right after the treaty was signed. Flemish farmers and middle class were hit the hardest that the Peasant Revolt in Flanders broke out in 1323. The peasant revolt turned into a popular uprising that dominated politics for 5 years in the county of Flanders. It was crushed in 1328 with the Battle of Cassel . In 1337, the treaty was annulled by king Philip IV of France after a new rebellion led by Jacob van Artevelde, started from the city of Ghent.
Born On This Day
1889 – Verena Holmes, English engineer (d. 1964)
Verena Winifred Holmes (23 June 1889 – 20 February 1964) was an English mechanical engineer and multi-field inventor, the first woman member elected to the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (1924) and the Institution of Locomotive Engineers (1931), and was a strong supporter of women in engineering. She was one of the early members of the Women’s Engineering Society, and its president in 1931. She was the first practising engineer to serve as president of the society.
This article is being heavily edited because its subject has recently died.
John David McAfee (/ˈmækəfiː/ MAK-ə-fee; September 18, 1945 – June 23, 2021) was a British-American computer programmer and businessman. He founded the software company McAfee Associates in 1987 and ran it until 1994, when he resigned from the company. McAfee Associates achieved early success as the creator of McAfee’s first commercial antivirus software, and the business now produces a range of enterprise security software. The company was purchased by Intel in 2011, though it still bears the McAfee brand name. McAfee’s wealth peaked in 2007 at $100 million, before his investments plummeted in the financial crisis of 2007–2008.
After leaving McAfee Associates, he founded the companies Tribal Voice (makers of the PowWow chat program), QuorumEx and Future Tense Central, among others, and has been involved in leadership positions in the companies Everykey, MGT Capital Investments and Luxcore, among others. His personal and business interests included smartphone apps, cryptocurrency, yoga, and herbal antibiotics. He resided for a number of years in Belize, but returned to the United States in 2013 while wanted in Belize for questioning.
McAfee was also a political activist. He unsuccessfully sought the Libertarian Party nomination for President of the United States in 2016 and 2020.
On October 6, 2020, McAfee was arrested in Spain over tax evasion charges. The charges were announced shortly after the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) revealed that it had brought civil charges against McAfee and that he could face 30 years in prison if convicted.
On June 23, 2021, McAfee was found dead of an apparent suicide in a prison cell in Barcelona, Spain, shortly after his extradition to the United States was authorised by the Spanish High Court.
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