FYI June 24, 25 & 26, 2022

On This Day

1314 – First War of Scottish Independence: The Battle of Bannockburn concludes with a decisive victory by Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce.[6]
The First War of Scottish Independence was the first of a series of wars between English and Scottish forces. It lasted from the English invasion of Scotland in 1296 until the de jure restoration of Scottish independence with the Treaty of Edinburgh–Northampton in 1328. De facto independence was established in 1314 at the Battle of Bannockburn. The wars were caused by English kings attempting to establish their authority over Scotland while Scots fought to keep English rule and authority out of Scotland.[2][3]

The term “War of Independence” did not exist at the time. The war was given that name retrospectively many centuries later, after the American War of Independence made the term popular, and after the rise of modern Scottish nationalism.[citation needed]

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1258 – War of Saint Sabas: In the Battle of Acre, the Venetians defeat a larger Genoese fleet sailing to relieve Acre.

This article is about the Battle of Acre (1258). For other battles, see Battle of Acre.
The Battle of Acre took place in 1258 off the port of Acre, between the fleets of the Republic of Genoa and the Republic of Venice. Mounting tensions between the traders of the two cities had resulted in the outbreak of open warfare between the two (“War of Saint Sabas”), with the Venetians blockading the Genoese in their quarter. Genoa sent an armada under the aged capitano del popolo, Rosso della Turca, to relieve the blockade, and asked the assistance of Philip of Montfort and the Knights Hospitaller for a combined attack from the land side. However, even though the Genoese fleet’s arrival took the Venetians by surprise, and their fleet was divided in two by weather as they exited the harbour, della Turca delayed his own attack long enough for the Venetians time to get into battle formation. The superior experience and seamanship of the latter resulted in a crushing Venetian victory, with half the Genoese fleet lost. The Genoese abandoned Acre soon after.[1][2]

 
 
1886 – Henri Moissan isolated elemental Fluorine for the first time.
Fluorine is a chemical element with the symbol F and atomic number 9. It is the lightest halogen and exists at standard conditions as a highly toxic, pale yellow diatomic gas. As the most electronegative element, it is extremely reactive, as it reacts with all other elements except for argon, neon, and helium.

Among the elements, fluorine ranks 24th in universal abundance and 13th in terrestrial abundance. Fluorite, the primary mineral source of fluorine which gave the element its name, was first described in 1529; as it was added to metal ores to lower their melting points for smelting, the Latin verb fluo meaning ‘flow’ gave the mineral its name. Proposed as an element in 1810, fluorine proved difficult and dangerous to separate from its compounds, and several early experimenters died or sustained injuries from their attempts. Only in 1886 did French chemist Henri Moissan isolate elemental fluorine using low-temperature electrolysis, a process still employed for modern production. Industrial production of fluorine gas for uranium enrichment, its largest application, began during the Manhattan Project in World War II.

Owing to the expense of refining pure fluorine, most commercial applications use fluorine compounds, with about half of mined fluorite used in steelmaking. The rest of the fluorite is converted into corrosive hydrogen fluoride en route to various organic fluorides, or into cryolite, which plays a key role in aluminium refining. Molecules containing a carbon–fluorine bond often have very high chemical and thermal stability; their major uses are as refrigerants, electrical insulation and cookware, the last as PTFE (Teflon). Pharmaceuticals such as atorvastatin and fluoxetine contain C−F bonds. The fluoride ion from dissolved fluoride salts inhibits dental cavities, and so finds use in toothpaste and water fluoridation. Global fluorochemical sales amount to more than US$69 billion a year.

Fluorocarbon gases are generally greenhouse gases with global-warming potentials 100 to 23,500 times that of carbon dioxide, and SF6 has the highest global warming potential of any known substance. Organofluorine compounds often persist in the environment due to the strength of the carbon–fluorine bond. Fluorine has no known metabolic role in mammals; a few plants and sea sponges synthesize organofluorine poisons (most often monofluoroacetates) that help deter predation.[14]


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Born On This Day

1485 – Johannes Bugenhagen, Polish-German priest and reformer (d. 1558)[13]
Johannes Bugenhagen (24 June 1485 – 20 April 1558), also called Doctor Pomeranus by Martin Luther, was a German theologian and Lutheran priest who introduced the Protestant Reformation in the Duchy of Pomerania and Denmark in the 16th century. Among his major accomplishments was organization of Lutheran churches in Northern Germany and Scandinavia. He has also been called the “Second Apostle of the North”.

Johannes Bugenhagen was pastor to Martin Luther at St. Mary’s church in Wittenberg. He is also commemorated in the Calendar of Saints of the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod as a pastor on 20 April.


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1799 – David Douglas, Scottish-English botanist and explorer (d. 1834)
David Douglas (25 June 1799 – 12 July 1834) was a Scottish botanist, best known as the namesake of the Douglas fir. He worked as a gardener, and explored the Scottish Highlands, North America, and Hawaii, where he died.[1] The standard author abbreviation Douglas is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.[2]


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1903 – Big Bill Broonzy, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1958)
Big Bill Broonzy (born Lee Conley Bradley; June 26, 1903[1][2] – August 14, 1958) was an American blues singer, songwriter and guitarist. His career began in the 1920s, when he played country music to mostly African-American audiences. Through the 1930s and 1940s he successfully navigated a transition in style to a more urban blues sound popular with working-class African-American audiences. In the 1950s a return to his traditional folk-blues roots made him one of the leading figures of the emerging American folk music revival and an international star. His long and varied career marks him as one of the key figures in the development of blues music in the 20th century.

Broonzy copyrighted more than 300 songs during his lifetime, including both adaptations of traditional folk songs and original blues songs. As a blues composer, he was unique in writing songs that reflected his rural-to-urban experiences.[3]


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FYI

 
 
NASA: Astronomy Picture of the Day
 
 
 
 

By David Sherry, Creative Caffeine, Emily gomez: Building an “Entrepreneurs Safety Net”
 
 
 
 

Open Culture: Karl Marx & the Flaws of Capitalism: Lex Fridman Talks with Professor Richard Wolff
 
 
By Colin Marshall, Open Culture: Color Footage of the Liberation of Paris, Shot by Hollywood Director George Stevens (1944)
 
 
By Josh Jones, Open Culture: The Only Surviving Manuscript of John Milton’s Paradise Lost Gets Published in Book Form for the First Time
 
 
By Josh Jones, Open Culture: Rapper Post Malone Performs a 15-Song Set of Nirvana Songs, Paying Tribute to Kurt Cobain
 
 
By Ayun Halliday, Open Culture: The Oldest House in New York City: Meet the Wyckoff House (1652)

 
 
 
 

By Mark Kennedy, AP News: Rick Astley revisits his career-making song with ‘gratitude’
 
 
 
 
Jack White On “Seven Nation Army” | CONAN on TBS
 
 
BBC Music: Jack White – Seven Nation Army (Glastonbury 2022)

 
 
By Joanna Moorhead, The Guardian: How to Bully-Proof Your Kids for Life Arm your kids with the right tools, and you’ll empower them against bullies—and stop them becoming one themselves

 
 
 
 

Politico: Abortion laws by state: Where abortions are illegal after Roe v. Wade overturned Not all trigger bans immediately kick in, but abortion will soon be illegal in more than a dozen states.
 
 
 
 
David Acosta Jr. | Special Guest Episode | EP. 075 | Mike Force Podcast
 
 
 
 
Parrot Uses Facemask as Hammock
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

Recipes

Natasha’s Kitcen: Cheesy Mashed Potato Pancakes Recipe There’s just something about that beautiful cheese pull.
 
 
By jprussack: Cheesy Goldfish Crackers XL
 
 
By half-n-half: Authentic Chocolate Pot De Crème
 
 
By Thyme of Season: HOMEMADE S’MORES ICE CREAM
 
 
By aledeg: Balsam Fir and Honey Ice Cream
 
 
By Cat_at_heart: Water Drop Splash Sculpture (Candy Glass)
 
 
Just the Recipe: Paste the URL to any recipe, click submit, and it’ll return literally JUST the recipe- no ads, no life story of the writer, no nothing EXCEPT the recipe.
 
 
DamnDelicious
 
 


 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

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Stacy, Carol RT Book Reviews

Welcome to the Stump the Bookseller blog!

Stump the Bookseller is a service offered by Loganberry Books to reconnect people to the books they love but can’t quite remember. In brief (for more detailed information see our About page), people can post their memories here, and the hivemind goes to work. After all, the collective mind of bibliophiles, readers, parents and librarians around the world is much better than just a few of us thinking. Together with these wonderful Stumper Magicians, we have a nearly 50% success rate in finding these long lost but treasured books. The more concrete the book description, the better the success rate, of course. It is a labor of love to keep it going, and there is a modest fee. Please see the How To page to find price information and details on how to submit your Book Stumper and payment.

Thanks to everyone involved to keep this forum going: our blogging team, the well-read Stumper Magicians, the many referrals, and of course to everyone who fondly remembers the wonder of books from their childhood and wants to share or revisit that wonder. Isn’t it amazing, the magic of a book?