On This Day
226 – Cao Rui succeeds his father as emperor of the Kingdom of Wei.
Cao Rui (pronunciation (help·info)) (204 or 206 – 22 January 239), courtesy name Yuanzhong, was the second emperor of the state of Cao Wei during the Three Kingdoms period. His parentage is in dispute: his mother, Lady Zhen, was Yuan Xi’s wife, but she later remarried Cao Pi, the first ruler of Wei. Based on conflicting accounts of his age, Pei Songzhi calculated that, in order to be Cao Pi’s son, Cao Rui could not have been 33 (by East Asian age reckoning) when he died as recorded, so the recorded age was in error; Lu Bi and Mou Guangsheng argued instead that Cao Rui was Yuan Xi’s son.
Cao Rui’s reign was viewed in many different ways throughout Chinese history. He devoted many resources into building palaces and ancestral temples, and his reign saw the stalemate between his empire, Shu Han, and Eastern Wu become more entrenched. His building projects and his desire to have many concubines (who numbered in the thousands) greatly exhausted the imperial treasury.
On his deathbed, he has no biological son. He passed the throne to his adopted son Cao Fang and entrusted him to the regency of Cao Shuang and Sima Yi. This would prove to be a fatal mistake for his clan, as Cao Shuang monopolised power and governed incompetently, eventually drawing a violent reaction from Sima Yi, who overthrew him in a coup d’état (Incident at Gaoping Tombs). Sima Yi became in control of the Wei government from AD 249, eventually allowing his grandson Sima Yan to usurp the throne in AD 266. After his death, Cao Rui was posthumously honoured as “Emperor Ming” with the temple name “Liezu”.
Born On This Day
1136 – Petronilla of Aragon (d. 1173)
Petronilla (29 June/11 August 1136 – 15 October 1173), whose name is also spelled Petronila or Petronella (Aragonese: Peyronela or Payronella, and Catalan: Peronella), was Queen of Aragon from the abdication of her father, Ramiro II, in 1137 until her own abdication in 1164. After her abdication she acted as regent during the minority of her son (1164–1173). She was the last ruling member of the Jiménez dynasty in Aragon, and by marriage brought the throne to the House of Barcelona.
By MessyNessy 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. DCIX): Tradeswomen, magazine for blue collar workingwomen in the ‘80s & ’90s; Daredevil Aerialist Betty Fox; Whimsigothic, the Witchy Aesthetic Hexing the Internet; Women that settled the American Frontier, and gave the first women’s accounts of it; “Keepers of Culture” women of the Iroquois Confederacy; The young Nazi-resistance fighter who should be a household name; The Pioneering Sculptor from Kentucky that studied with Rodin; How bicycles boosted the women’s rights movement; The Island Run By Women and more ->
By Gemma Tarlach, Atlas Obscura: Inside America’s Premier Black Rodeo, A Celebration of Cowboy Culture A photographer captures perseverance and pride over a decade of the Bill Pickett Invitational Rodeo.
By Abhaya Raj Joshi, Rest of the World: How a schoolteacher became one of Nepal’s biggest YouTube stars With his YouTube channel, Purvi Blues, Sachin Neupane hopes to help Nepalis connect with their history and culture.
Book Blogs & Websites:
Stump the Bookseller is a service offered by Loganberry Books to reconnect people to the books they love but can’t quite remember. In brief (for more detailed information see our About page), people can post their memories here, and the hivemind goes to work. After all, the collective mind of bibliophiles, readers, parents and librarians around the world is much better than just a few of us thinking. Together with these wonderful Stumper Magicians, we have a nearly 50% success rate in finding these long lost but treasured books. The more concrete the book description, the better the success rate, of course. It is a labor of love to keep it going, and there is a modest fee. Please see the How To page to find price information and details on how to submit your Book Stumper and payment.
Thanks to everyone involved to keep this forum going: our blogging team, the well-read Stumper Magicians, the many referrals, and of course to everyone who fondly remembers the wonder of books from their childhood and wants to share or revisit that wonder. Isn’t it amazing, the magic of a book?