On This Day
1862 – The Act Prohibiting the Return of Slaves is passed by the United States Congress, effectively annulling the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 and setting the stage for the Emancipation Proclamation.
The Act Prohibiting the Return of Slaves is a law passed by the United States Congress during the American Civil War forbidding all officers or persons in the military or naval service to return escaped former slaves to their owners with the aid or use of the forces under their respective commands.
As Union armies entered Southern territory during the early years of the War, emboldened slaves began fleeing behind Union lines to secure their freedom. Some commanders put the escapees to work digging entrenchments, building fortifications, and performing other camp work. Such former slaves came to be called “contraband”, a term emphasizing their status as captured enemy property. Other Army commanders returned the escapees to their owners. Congress reacted by approving this act which requires that any officer that violates the same to be dismissed from the service upon conviction by a court-martial.
Text of the act
“An act to make an additional article of war” was approved March 13, 1862, with the following wording:
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That hereafter the following shall be promulgated as an additional article of war for the government of the army of the United States, and shall be obeyed and observed as such:
Article ––. All officers or persons in the military or naval service of the United States are prohibited from employing any of the forces under their respective commands for the purpose of returning fugitives from service or labor, who may have escaped from any persons to whom such service or labor is claimed to be due, and any officer who shall be found guilty by a court-martial of violating this article shall be dismissed from the service.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That this act shall take effect from and after its passage.
Born On This Day
1908 – Myrtle Bachelder, American chemist and Women’s Army Corps officer (d. 1997)
Myrtle Claire Bachelder (March 13, 1908 – May 22, 1997) was an American chemist and Women’s Army Corps officer, who is noted for her secret work on the Manhattan Project atomic bomb program, and for the development of techniques in the chemistry of metals.
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Rare Historical Photos: The German occupation of Czechoslovakia in rare photographs, 1938-1939
Rare Historical Photos: Goofy vintage photos of World War One soldiers posing with fake military props, 1914-1930
Rare Historical Photos: The stereoscopic ghost photos that spooked the Victorian public, 1865
Rare Historical Photos: Vintage and bizarre photos of exercise machines from the past, 1920-1970
Rare Historical Photos: The photographic story of the The Great New York to Paris Auto Race of 1908
By Emily Temple, Literary Hub: A Close Reading of the Best Opening Paragraph of All Time From Shirley Jackson’s ‘We Have Always Lived in the Castle’, of course.
Adobe: Discover Your Creative Type
The Marginalian by Maria Popova: Losing love, finding love, and how to live with the fragility of it all; a 4-year-old’s animated poem about how to fix a world; Lewis Thomas on life
Homemade on a Weeknight: Turmeric Chicken & Rice #onepotmea
Homemade on a Weeknight: Bahn Mi Nacho
Ready Set Eat: Game day recipes for every gathering
By Betty Crocker Kitchens: Coffee-Inspired Treats
By Ronna Farley: Apple Pie Cones
Just the Recipe: Paste the URL to any recipe, click submit, and it’ll return literally JUST the recipe- no ads, no life story of the writer, no nothing EXCEPT the recipe.
Book Blogs & Websites:
Stump the Bookseller is a service offered by Loganberry Books to reconnect people to the books they love but can’t quite remember. In brief (for more detailed information see our About page), people can post their memories here, and the hivemind goes to work. After all, the collective mind of bibliophiles, readers, parents and librarians around the world is much better than just a few of us thinking. Together with these wonderful Stumper Magicians, we have a nearly 50% success rate in finding these long lost but treasured books. The more concrete the book description, the better the success rate, of course. It is a labor of love to keep it going, and there is a modest fee. Please see the How To page to find price information and details on how to submit your Book Stumper and payment.
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