FYI November 02, 2018

On This Day

1410 – The Peace of Bicêtre suspends hostilities in the Armagnac–Burgundian Civil War.
The Armagnac–Burgundian Civil War was a conflict between two cadet branches of the French royal family — the House of Orléans (Armagnac faction) and the House of Burgundy (Burgundian faction) from 1407 to 1435. It began during a lull in the Hundred Years’ War against the English and overlapped with the Western Schism of the papacy.

A new treaty, signed at Bicêtre on 2 November 1410, suspended hostilities, but both sides had taken up arms again as early as spring 1411.

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The Bicêtre Hospital is located in Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, which is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France. It lies 4.5 km (2.8 miles) from the center of Paris. The Bicêtre Hospital was originally planned as a military hospital, with construction begun in 1634. With the help of Vincent de Paul, it was finally opened as an orphanage in 1642. It was incorporated into the Hôpital Général in 1656. In 1823, it was called the Hospice de la Vieillesse Hommes. In 1885, it was renamed the Hospice de Bicêtre.[1] In its history it has been used successively and simultaneously as an orphanage, a prison, a lunatic asylum,[2] and a hospital. Its most notorious guest was the Marquis de Sade.[3][4]

The Bicêtre is most famous as the Asylum de Bicêtre where Superintendent Philippe Pinel is credited as being the first to introduce humane methods into the treatment of the mentally ill, in 1793.

The Bicêtre is referenced in the last chapter of Foucault’s Madness and Civilization titled ‘The Birth of the Asylum.’ In it, Pinel’s methods are classified as more devious than humane.

Born On This Day

1696 – Conrad Weiser, American soldier, monk, and judge (d. 1760)
Conrad Weiser (November 2, 1696 – July 13, 1760), born Johann Conrad Weiser, Jr., was a Pennsylvania Dutch pioneer, interpreter and diplomat between the Pennsylvania Colony and Native Americans. He was a farmer, soldier, monk, tanner and judge. He contributed as an emissary in councils between Native Americans and the colonies, especially Pennsylvania, during the 18th century’s tensions of the French and Indian War (Seven Years’ War).




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