On This Day
1410 – The Peace of Bicêtre suspends hostilities in the Armagnac–Burgundian Civil War.
The Armagnac–Burgundian Civil War was a conflict between two cadet branches of the French royal family — the House of Orléans (Armagnac faction) and the House of Burgundy (Burgundian faction) from 1407 to 1435. It began during a lull in the Hundred Years’ War against the English and overlapped with the Western Schism of the papacy.
A new treaty, signed at Bicêtre on 2 November 1410, suspended hostilities, but both sides had taken up arms again as early as spring 1411.
The Bicêtre Hospital is located in Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, which is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France. It lies 4.5 km (2.8 miles) from the center of Paris. The Bicêtre Hospital was originally planned as a military hospital, with construction begun in 1634. With the help of Vincent de Paul, it was finally opened as an orphanage in 1642. It was incorporated into the Hôpital Général in 1656. In 1823, it was called the Hospice de la Vieillesse Hommes. In 1885, it was renamed the Hospice de Bicêtre. In its history it has been used successively and simultaneously as an orphanage, a prison, a lunatic asylum, and a hospital. Its most notorious guest was the Marquis de Sade.
The Bicêtre is most famous as the Asylum de Bicêtre where Superintendent Philippe Pinel is credited as being the first to introduce humane methods into the treatment of the mentally ill, in 1793.
The Bicêtre is referenced in the last chapter of Foucault’s Madness and Civilization titled ‘The Birth of the Asylum.’ In it, Pinel’s methods are classified as more devious than humane.
Born On This Day
1696 – Conrad Weiser, American soldier, monk, and judge (d. 1760)
Conrad Weiser (November 2, 1696 – July 13, 1760), born Johann Conrad Weiser, Jr., was a Pennsylvania Dutch pioneer, interpreter and diplomat between the Pennsylvania Colony and Native Americans. He was a farmer, soldier, monk, tanner and judge. He contributed as an emissary in councils between Native Americans and the colonies, especially Pennsylvania, during the 18th century’s tensions of the French and Indian War (Seven Years’ War).
By David Tracy: This Chevrolet Astro With a Turf Carpet Is A Bad Pun on Wheels
By Elizabeth Werth: Comment of the Day: Gas, Grass, and Astroturf
By Ryan F. Mandelbaum: How a Tiny Flightless Bird Ended Up on an Island in the Middle of the Ocean
By Katie Rife: Gather ’round for an exclusive look at the Emmet Otter’s Jug-Band Christmas visual soundtrack
By Brian Kahn: Whales Can Now Be Tracked From Space
Atlas Obscura: Discover the hidden wonders of Colombia
By Joshua Benton: If you let commenters go after your reporters, it hurts your credibility with other readers The bright side (?): Women don’t seem to face a higher credibility penalty from a mean comment than men do.
By Heather Chapman: Medicare to pay doctors for telehealth visits
By Suzie Mills Air Force Veteran & Founder, Honest Soul Yoga: A veteran-led business strengthening hearts and minds
The Passive Voice – I very frequently get the question
By Jesus Diaz: I ditched the Mac for the iPad, and I’ll never go back The iPad Pro has changed my life, and I don’t care about desktop computing anymore.
Maria Popova’s Brain Pickings: Figuring
Two Nerdy History Girls Friday Video: The Two-Handkerchief Bra, 1921
By Ephrat Livni: Novelist Haruki Murakami has good advice on what you can do when life looks dark
By Ted Mills: Growing Up Surrounded by Books Has a Lasting Positive Effect on the Brain, Says a New Scientific Study
Aeon: Would you choose to live wild and free as a wolf, or have a job with benefits, like a sled dog? A history of monsters Lava ice and hints of life – an immersive 360° tour of volcanism in our solar system and more ->
By Jeffrey Mervis: NSF suspends program allowing graduate fellows to study abroad