On This Day
1492 – Peace of Etaples between Henry VII of England and Charles VIII of France.
The Peace of Etaples was signed in Étaples (northern France) between the kings Charles VIII Valois of France and Henry VII Tudor of England on 3 November 1492.
The treaty served to end an English invasion of France, launched in order to stop France’s support for the pretender Perkin Warbeck. The English had landed at Calais and laid siege to Boulogne. By this treaty, France agreed to expel Warbeck and live in England an indemnity of £159,000. The treaty was ratified in December.
The terms of the treaty included the English accepting French control of Brittany, the French withdrawing their support for Warbeck and a war indemnity of 742,000 crowns, payable at 50,000 crowns per annum, equivalent to 5% of the crown’s annual income.
The treaty could be interpreted as a spectacular success, an English military incursion had forced the French to sue for peace, presenting it as ‘the English are great again’. French abandonment of support for Warbeck removed one of Henry VII’s key enemies. On the other hand, Henry VII had abandoned the Bretons and went back on the Treaty of Redon. However, this had already happened in 1491, and the benefits seemed to outweigh the costs. He did this whilst maintaining the Treaty of Medina del Campo (1489) with Spain so was therefore not too bothered of the loss of Brittany as a trading partner since the Medina del Campo enabled Henry VII to gain a healthy income.
After 1492 a rapprochement between England and France occurred. This improvement continued until the end of Henry VII’s reign.
Born On This Day
1918 – Elizabeth P. Hoisington, American general (d. 2007)
Elizabeth Paschel Hoisington (November 3, 1918 – August 21, 2007) was a United States Army officer who was one of the first two women to attain the rank of brigadier general.
Kathryn’s Report: Trick-or-treaters arrested for pointing lasers at Lee County Sheriff’s Office deputies flying helicopter
Kathryn’s Report: One Boise air traffic controller slept, another reeked of marijuana. The Federal Aviation Administration sat on emails
The Passive Voice: The Strand Shouldn’t Have to Beg Us Not to Die
Just as so many businesses and institutions have since March, Bass Wyden turned to her loyal customers for help, asking them to spend their money and spread the word, using the hashtag #SaveThe Strand. But alongside encomia from celebrities and Slate’s former editor in chief, another chorus arose, asking why Bass Wyden, a multimillionaire who is also the wife of a U.S. senator, was passing the hat rather than raiding her own piggy bank. As an article in the Baffler laid out in detail last month, the store received a Paycheck Protection Program loan of between $1 million and 2 million in April with the purpose of protecting the 212 jobs spread across its three locations, including the 188 workers Bass Wyden laid off in late March. Ultimately fewer than two dozen union jobs were restored, and Bass Wyden put her personal fortune to work purchasing stock in Amazon, a mortal enemy of brick-and-mortar booksellers she described as a necessary step toward keeping the Strand afloat.
By Josh Jones, Open Culture: When Louis Armstrong Stopped a Civil War in The Congo (1960)
By Open Culture: Martin Luther King: “You Know Who to Vote For. I’m Just Asking You to Vote!” (1964)
By Josh Jones, Open Culture: The Iconic Photography of Gordon Parks: An Introduction to the Renaissance American Artist
By seamster: Grim Reaper Carved From a Walnut Log
By Creation Zone: Simple Pallet Firewood Shed Built With Reclaimed Materials
By petachok: Hexagon Side Table With Drawer
By Customfabricated: Home Built 4x8ft CNC Plasma Metal Cutting System
By Kelli Foster, The Kitchn: These 10 Creamy Casserole Recipes Will Warm Your Soul
A Taste of Alaska: Strawberry Hot Chocolate Bombs and Halloween Preparations
By Emily Racette Parulski, Taste of Home: 4-Ingredient Desserts We Could Make Every Week
I Wash You Dry: Nanaimo Bars
By Anna-Grace: Giant Hamburger CAKE!
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