On This Day
1905 – Norway holds a referendum resulting in popular approval of the Storting’s decision to authorise the government to make the offer of the throne of the newly-independent country.
A referendum on retaining the monarchy or becoming a republic was held in Norway on 12 and 13 November 1905. Voters were asked whether they approved of the Storting’s decision to authorise the government to make the offer of the throne of the newly self-ruling country.
The proposal was approved by 78.9% of voters. Following the referendum, the Storting offered Prince Carl of Denmark a mandate to the Norwegian throne on 18 November; Carl accepted, assuming the throne as King Haakon VII. The new royal family arrived in Norway on 25 November. King Haakon and Queen Maud were crowned in a ceremony in Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim on 22 June 1906.
Born On This Day
1606 – Jeanne Mance, French-Canadian nurse, founded the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal (d. 1673)
Jeanne Mance (November 12, 1606 – June 18, 1673) was a French nurse and settler of New France. She arrived in New France two years after the Ursuline nuns came to Quebec. Among the founders of Montreal in 1642, she established its first hospital, the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal, in 1645. She returned twice to France to seek financial support for the hospital. After providing most of the care directly for years, in 1657 she recruited three sisters of the Religieuses hospitalières de Saint-Joseph, and continued to direct operations of the hospital.
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Volume 36, Summer & Fall 2019 issue of the Alaska Quarterly Review is a beautiful book. It contains a stunning photo-essay, “The Lonely Islands” by Nancy Lord and Irene Owsley that juxtaposes Lord’s essay of Attu and Kiska islands during the Japanese invasion of World War II with Owsley’s photos of the overgrown detritus from those years. Surreal and haunting—forty-some glossy photos devoid of humans suggest, like an empty chair, the most precipitous of human aggressions. Remains of ships and bunkers—a material history of war eroded nearly unintelligible—made grimmer by a rotting shoe, guns stripped of gunners, spent and unspent ammunition—are all mute and subsumed by desolate beauty. A tiny lake framed by lichens and cotton grass, fog-draped rising ground beyond it, reminds only with its perfect roundness that it is a bomb crater.
Paul Militaru Photography
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