FYI November 15, 2021

On This Day

1777 – American Revolutionary War: After 16 months of debate the Continental Congress approves the Articles of Confederation.
The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union was an agreement among the 13 original states of the United States of America that served as its first constitution. It was approved after much debate (between July 1776 and November 1777) by the Second Continental Congress on November 15, 1777, and sent to the states for ratification. The Articles of Confederation came into force on March 1, 1781, after ratification by all the states. A guiding principle of the Articles was to preserve the independence and sovereignty of the states. The weak central government established by the Articles received only those powers which the former colonies had recognized as belonging to king and parliament.

The document provided clearly written rules for how the states’ “league of friendship” would be organized. During the ratification process, the Congress looked to the Articles for guidance as it conducted business, directing the war effort, conducting diplomacy with foreign states, addressing territorial issues and dealing with Native American relations. Little changed politically once the Articles of Confederation went into effect, as ratification did little more than legalize what the Continental Congress had been doing. That body was renamed the Congress of the Confederation; but most Americans continued to call it the Continental Congress, since its organization remained the same.

As the Confederation Congress attempted to govern the continually growing American states, delegates discovered that the limitations placed upon the central government rendered it ineffective at doing so. As the government’s weaknesses became apparent, especially after Shays’ Rebellion, some prominent political thinkers in the fledgling union began asking for changes to the Articles. Their hope was to create a stronger government. Initially, some states met to deal with their trade and economic problems. However, as more states became interested in meeting to change the Articles, a meeting was set in Philadelphia on May 25, 1787. This became the Constitutional Convention. It was quickly agreed that changes would not work, and instead the entire Articles needed to be replaced. On March 4, 1789, the government under the Articles was replaced with the federal government under the Constitution. The new Constitution provided for a much stronger federal government by establishing a chief executive (the President), courts, and taxing powers.



Born On This Day

1607 – Madeleine de Scudéry, French author (d. 1701)
Madeleine de Scudéry (15 November 1607 – 2 June 1701), often known simply as Mademoiselle de Scudéry, was a French writer.

Her works also demonstrate such comprehensive knowledge of ancient history that it is suspected she had received instruction in Greek and Latin.[1] In 1637, following the death of her uncle, Scudéry established herself in Paris with her brother. Georges de Scudéry became a playwright.[1] Madeleine often used her older brother’s name, George, to publish her works.[1] She was at once admitted to the Hôtel de Rambouillet coterie of préciosité, and afterwards established a salon of her own under the title of the Société du samedi (Saturday Society). For the last half of the 17th century, under the pseudonym of Sapho or her own name, she was acknowledged as the first bluestocking of France and of the world. She formed a close romantic relationship with Paul Pellisson which was only ended by his death in 1693. She never married.




2:25 Hobo Jim

Wynning History: Irvin Schwartz’s first sports column after returning from World War II – November 1945
By Antoine Haywood and Victor Pickard, Nieman Lab: Public access television channels are an untapped resource for building local journalism
By Sarah Scire, Nieman Lab: The end of “click to subscribe, call to cancel”? One of the news industry’s favorite retention tactics is illegal, FTC says Most U.S. news organizations won’t let readers cancel online. The Federal Trade Commission wants that to change.
The Passive Voice, From The Wall Street Journal: We Compared ‘Taylor’s Version’ Songs With the Original Taylor Swift Albums
By MessyNessy 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. DLXXVII): The Autumn Leaf Keepers of Paris; This Rare 1920s Porcelain Toaster; How they Kick off the Christmas Season at this little Town in Italy; The Sacred Band of Thebes, a Troop of Greek soldiers entirely consisting of Gay Couples; Grace Braeger bought her 1957 Chevrolet 64 years ago, and it’s still the only car she drives today. And more ->
By Matt Goff, Sitka Nature: Iconic Sunset
By Nicole Howard, Beyond Bylines Blogs We Love: 9 Native American News Sites to Celebrate in November (and Beyond)
Quartz Weekly Obsession: Oat milk: Here’s what you need to know
Hormel Foods Corporation: The Makers of HORMEL® BLACK LABEL® Bacon Launch Limited-Edition, Bacon-Scented and Printed Wrapping Paper for the Holidays
Excellent, perfect ending!





By Recipe Round-ups: 10 Creative And Easy-To-Make Thanksgiving Appetizers Simple and inspired ideas to add a homemade, personal touch to your Thanksgiving meal
By M. I. Grey, New Life On A Homestead: How To Can Corned Beef – Step By Step
By Stacey Ballis, My Recipes: An Italian Cook Taught Me 9 Secrets that Made My Homemade Pizza Insanely Better
Food Network Kitchen: Rigatoni Pie
By Mary Hogue, Rochester, Pennsylvania, Taste of Home: 1-Step Slow-Cooked Corn Chowder
By Estelle Forrest, Homemade on a Weeknight: Italian Sausage & White Bean Soup
By Chocolate Covered Katie: Coffee Mousse Truffles





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