FYI November 22, 2017

1837 – Canadian journalist and politician William Lyon Mackenzie calls for a rebellion against the United Kingdom in his essay “To the People of Upper Canada”, published in his newspaper The Constitution.
The Upper Canada Rebellion was an insurrection against the oligarchic government of the British colony of Upper Canada (present day Ontario) in December 1837. While public grievances had existed for years, it was the rebellion in Lower Canada (present day Quebec) that emboldened rebels in Upper Canada to openly revolt soon after. The Upper Canada Rebellion was largely defeated shortly after it began, although resistance lingered until 1838 (and became more violent) – mainly through the support of the Hunters’ Lodges, a secret anti-British, US-based militia that emerged around the Great Lakes. They launched the Patriot War in 1838-39. The rebellion led directly to Lord Durham’s Report on the Affairs of British North America and to The British North America Act, 1840 which partially reformed the British provinces into a unitary system.

Some historians argue that the rebellions in 1837 should be viewed in the wider context of the late 18th and early 19th century Atlantic revolutions. The American Revolutionary war in 1776, the French Revolution of 1789–1799, the Haitian Revolution of 1791-1804, the Irish Rebellion of 1798, and the independence struggles of Spanish America (1810–1825) were inspired by similar democratic ideals, although they were tinged with republicanism as well. The United Kingdom’s Chartists sought similar democratic goals.[1][2][3]

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1900 – Helenka Pantaleoni, American actress and humanitarian, co-founded U.S. Fund for UNICEF (d. 1987)
Helen Tradusa “Helenka” Adamowska Pantaleoni (November 22, 1900 – January 5, 1987) was a Polish American silent film actress and humanitarian. She was the founding director of the U.S. Committee for UNICEF, a role that she held for 25 years. Her granddaughter is American actress Téa Leoni.

Family and career
Pantaleoni was the daughter of Polish musicians Józef (July 4, 1862 – May 8, 1930) and Antonina (née Szumowska) Adamowski (born February 22, 1868, Lublin, Poland – died August 18, 1938, Rumson, New Jersey). After studying piano in Poland Antonina became the only known female pupil of Ignacy Jan Paderewski in Paris between 1890 and 1895, when she left for the United States. Józef was a cellist and a member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra.[1] Antonina, Józef, and Józef’s brother Tymoteusz (aka Timothee), made up the Adamowski Trio.

After touring Europe and the United States her parents settled in Brookline, Massachusetts, where Helenka was born.[2] She attended Miss Winsor’s School in Boston.[3] She studied dramatics and appeared in plays presented by the Junior League and the Vincent Club.[4] “In 1917, on the occasion of Paderewski’s presence in Boston in connection with aid for war victims, she appeared in a specially written play entitled “The Spirit of Poland,” which was given at Jordan Hall in Boston.[5] In the 1920s, she appeared in silent films[6] as well as on Broadway.[7][8] She subsequently became head of the Children’s Theatre Department of the Junior League of New York.[9]

She married Guido Pantaleoni, Jr., in 1935. Guido, a New York lawyer, was a widower with three children (Guido, Nina, and Hewitt).[10][11] He was a graduate of Milton Academy, Harvard University and Harvard Law School. Guido was a nephew of Italian economist and politician Maffeo Pantaleoni. He and Helenka had two sons, Anthony and Michael. In 1935, Guido and C. Frank Reavis, Jr., founded the New York law firm Reavis & Pantaleoni.[12]

Guido volunteered for service during World War II. As a Lieutenant Colonel attached to the Office of Strategic Services he was killed in action in Sicily in August 1943, leaving Helenka with five children to raise. Guido Pantaleoni died behind enemy lines while serving in the special forces.[13] He is memorialized in the Sicily-Rome American Cemetery.[14] Helenka Pantaleoni founded the Paderewski Fund for Polish Relief in 1941.[15] She served the fundraising arm of the American Red Cross during World War II. After the war, she continued to serve in fundraising for the Polish Relief Commission.[16]

Helenka helped to found the U.S. Fund for UNICEF in 1947,[17] and served as the organization’s president from 1953 until her retirement in 1978.[18] Her service as president of the U.S. Committee for UNICEF was unpaid. The Executive Director of UNICEF, James P. Grant, wrote in 1994:

For 26 years, from 1953 through 1978, she served as volunteer president of the U.S. Committee. While she headed the Committee more than $113 million was turned over to UNICEF in the name of the American people …[19]

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The Land Institute has developed an intermediate wheatgrass (Thinopyrum intermedium) grain trademarked as Kernza perennial grain, which is in the early stages of commercialization, launched commercially as a featured ingredient in Patagonia Provisions’ Long Root Ale (brewed by Hopworks Urban Brewery) in late 2016.[13][14][21] As of 2012, the domestication had doubled Kernza’s seed size and increased seed production by twenty percent.[11] Kernza had already been made into beer and bread, which are often served at the Prairie Festival.[18][20] Kernza contains gluten, but lacks the complement that enables bread to rise.[22] Wes Jackson predicted that Kernza would be released within another decade,[9][13] but the release of Long Root Ale and subsequent commitments by General Mills/Cascadian Farm mean that commercial development of Kernza is at this point ahead of that schedule.

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“…To be as far out of harms way as you possibly can.”
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