On This Day
1707 – The second Siege of Pensacola comes to end with the failure of the British to capture Pensacola, Florida.
The Siege of Pensacola was two separate attempts in 1707 by English-supported Creek Indians to capture the town and fortress of Pensacola, one of two major settlements (the other was St. Augustine) in Spanish Florida.
The attacks, part of Queen Anne’s War (the North American theater of the War of the Spanish Succession), resulted in the burning of the town, and caused most of its Indian population to flee, although the fort withstood repeated attacks. The battles were primarily fought in the nighttime hours due to the excessive heat of the day.
The first siege, in August 1707, resulted in the destruction of the town, but Fort San Carlos de Austria successfully resisted the onslaught. In late November 1707, a second expedition arrived, and made unsuccessful attacks on three consecutive nights before withdrawing. Pensacola’s governor, Don Sebastián de Moscoso, whose garrison was depleted by disease, recruited convicted criminals to assist in the fort’s defense.
Born On This Day
1466 – Andrea Doria, Italian admiral (d. 1560)
Andrea Doria (Italian: [anˈdrɛ.a ˈdɔːrja]; 30 November 1466 – 25 November 1560) was an Italian condottiero and admiral of the Republic of Genoa. As imperial admiral, he commanded several expeditions against the Ottoman Empire between 1530 and 1541 and captured Koroni and Patras. Emperor Charles V found him an invaluable ally in the wars with King Francis I of France, and through him extended his domination over the whole of Italy. Several ships were named in honour of the admiral, the most famous being the Italian passenger liner SS Andrea Doria, launched in 1951, which sank following a collision in 1956.
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