FYI October 04, 05 & 06, 2022

On This Day

1302 – The Byzantine–Venetian War comes to an end.
The Byzantine–Venetian War of 1296–1302 was an offshoot of the second Venetian–Genoese War of 1294–1299.
History
In 1296, the local Genoese residents of Constantinople destroyed the Venetian quarter and killed many Venetian civilians. Despite the Byzantine–Venetian truce of 1285, the Byzantine emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos immediately showed support for his Genoese allies by arresting the Venetian survivors of the massacre, including the Venetian bailo Marco Bembo.

Venice threatened war with the Byzantine Empire, demanding reparations for the affront they suffered. In July 1296, the Venetian fleet, under command of Ruggiero Morosini Malabranca, stormed the Bosphorus. During the course of the campaign, various Genoese possessions in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea were captured, including the city of Phocaea. The Genoese colony of Galata, across the Golden Horn from the Byzantine capital, was also burned down. The emperor, however, preferred at that point to avoid war.

Open war between Venice and the Byzantines did not begin until after the Battle of Curzola and the end of the war with Genoa in the 1299 Treaty of Milan, which left Venice free to pursue her war against the Greeks. The Venetian fleet, reinforced by privateers, began to capture various Byzantine islands in the Aegean Sea, many of which had only been conquered by the Byzantines from Latin lords about twenty years before.

From April 1301, Byzantine ambassadors were sent to Venice to negotiate a peace, but without success. In July 1302, a Venetian fleet with twenty-eight galleys arrived before Constantinople itself, and staged a demonstration of force: before the eyes of the Byzantine capital’s inhabitants, the admiral Belletto Giustinian flogged the population of the island of Prinkipos, including refugees from Asia Minor who had fled the Turkish advance there, which the Venetians had taken prisoner.

This induced the Byzantine government to propose a peace treaty, signed on 4 October 1302. According to its terms, the Venetians returned most of their conquests, but kept the islands of Kea, Santorini, Serifos and Amorgos, which were retained by the privateers who had captured them. The Byzantines also agreed to repay the Venetians for their losses sustained during the massacre of Venetian residents in 1296.
 
 
610 – Heraclius arrives at Constantinople, kills Byzantine Emperor Phocas, and becomes emperor.[1]
Heraclius (Greek: Ἡράκλειος, translit. Hērákleios; c. 575 – 11 February 641) sometimes called Heraclius I, was Eastern Roman emperor from 610 to 641. His rise to power began in 608, when he and his father, Heraclius the Elder, the exarch of Africa, led a revolt against the unpopular usurper Phocas.

Heraclius’s reign was marked by several military campaigns. The year Heraclius came to power, the empire was threatened on multiple frontiers. Heraclius immediately took charge of the Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628. The first battles of the campaign ended in defeat for the Byzantines; the Persian army fought their way to the Bosphorus but Constantinople was protected by impenetrable walls and a strong navy, and Heraclius was able to avoid total defeat. Soon after, he initiated reforms to rebuild and strengthen the military. Heraclius drove the Persians out of Asia Minor and pushed deep into their territory, defeating them decisively in 627 at the Battle of Nineveh. The Persian king Khosrow II was overthrown and executed by his son Kavad II, who soon sued for a peace treaty, agreeing to withdraw from all occupied territory. This way peaceful relations were restored to the two deeply strained empires.

However, Heraclius soon lost many of his newly regained lands to the Rashidun Caliphate. Emerging from the Arabian Peninsula, the Muslims quickly conquered the Sasanian Empire. In 636, the Muslims marched into Roman Syria, defeating Heraclius’s brother Theodore. Within a short period of time, the Arabs conquered Mesopotamia, Armenia and Egypt. Heraclius responded with reforms which allowed his successors to combat the Arabs and avoid total destruction.

Heraclius entered diplomatic relations with the Croats and Serbs in the Balkans. He tried to repair the schism in the Christian church in regard to the Monophysites, by promoting a compromise doctrine called Monothelitism. The Church of the East (commonly called Nestorian) was also involved in the process.[3] Eventually this project of unity was rejected by all sides of the dispute.

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105 BC – Cimbrian War: Defeat at the Battle of Arausio accelerates the Marian reforms of the Roman army of the mid-Republic.
The Cimbrian or Cimbric War (113–101 BC) was fought between the Roman Republic and the Germanic and Celtic tribes of the Cimbri and the Teutons, Ambrones and Tigurini, who migrated from the Jutland peninsula into Roman controlled territory, and clashed with Rome and her allies. The Cimbrian War was the first time since the Second Punic War that Italia and Rome itself had been seriously threatened.

The timing of the war had a great effect on the internal politics of Rome, and the organization of its military. The war contributed greatly to the political career of Gaius Marius, whose consulships and political conflicts challenged many of the Roman Republic’s political institutions and customs of the time. The Cimbrian threat, along with the Jugurthine War, inspired the landmark Marian reforms of the Roman legions.

Rome was finally victorious, and its Germanic adversaries, who had inflicted on the Roman armies the heaviest losses that they had suffered since the Second Punic War, with victories at the battles of Arausio and Noreia, were left almost completely annihilated after Roman victories at Aquae Sextiae and Vercellae. Some of the surviving captives are reported to have been among the rebelling gladiators during the Third Servile War.[1]

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Born On This Day

1160 – Alys, Countess of the Vexin, daughter of Louis VII of France (d. c. 1220)
Alys of France, (or Alice) Countess of Vexin (4 October 1160 – c. 1220) was a French princess, the daughter of Louis VII, King of France and his second wife, Constance of Castile.[1][2]

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1274 – Al-Dhahabi, Syrian scholar and historian (d. 1348)
Shams ad-Dīn adh-Dhahabī (شمس الدين الذهبي), also known as Shams ad-Dīn Abū ʿAbdillāh Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad ibn ʿUthmān ibn Qāymāẓ ibn ʿAbdillāh at-Turkumānī al-Fāriqī ad-Dimashqī (5 October 1274 – 3 February 1348[3]) was an Islamic historian and Hadith expert.

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649 – Yuknoom Yichʼaak Kʼahkʼ (d. around 696)
Yuknoom Yichʼaak Kʼahkʼ (/jʌkˈnoʊm jɪˈʒɑːk ˈkɑːk/[citation needed]) or Yuknoom Ixquiac (lit. ’Jaguar Paw Smoke’; October 6, 649 – March 31, 698[1]) was a Maya king of the Kaan kingdom, which had its capital at Calakmul during the Classic Period of Mesoamerican chronology.

Reign
This king acceded in his thirty-sixth year, but there are indications that he may have effectively governed the kingdom for a substantial period before this on behalf of the previous king, Yuknoom the Great.[2] The latter, who may have been Yuknoom Yichʼaak Kʼahk’s father, lived well into his eighties and may have been incapacitated in his later years.
Calakmul, city of Yuknoom Yichʼaak Kʼahkʼ

The inscription of Stela 9, from 662, goes into great detail about the birth of Yuknoom Yichʼaak Kʼahkʼ and accords him a full royal title; thus military victories in the following years, as well as successful assertions of Kaan’s hegemony, might tentatively be ascribed to Yichʼaak Kʼahkʼ. These include military triumphs over Tikal in 677 and (quite probably) 679; supervision of the accessions of kings of Moral and Cancuen in 662 and 677 respectively; the dispatching of Lady Six Sky from Dos Pilas to re-seed the dynasty of Naranjo in 682, and a lieutenant’s action expressive of Kaan overlordship at Piedras Negras in 685.

Yichʼaak Kʼahk’s[3] accession was recorded at El Peru by local ruler Kʼinich Bahlam and at Dos Pilas by Bʼalaj Chan Kʼawiil. At Naranjo, the son of Lady Six Sky, Kʼakʼ Tiliw Chan Chaak, acceded in 693.

In 695 Calakmul suffered a military defeat at the hands of Tikal and it was believed that the king was killed or captured in that battle. A stucco scene at Tikal shows a prisoner being “adorned” for sacrifice and names the Kaan king in a related caption; the text is damaged and in its current condition it allowed for the possibility that it referred to Yichʼaak Kʼahkʼ himself instead of him being the overlord of the prisoner to be killed. A new find at La Corona has revealed that the king survived at least until 696, when he made a visit to that town. There are reasons to believe that Yichʼaak Kʼahkʼ is buried in Tomb 4 within Calakmul’s Structure 2.

Yichʼaak Kʼahk’s monument program does not even begin to compare with that of his immediate predecessor, and the two stelae that still stand (including Stela 105 from 692) are located far from the site core in the Northeast Group.[4][5]

 
 

FYI

 
 
NASA: Astronomy Picture of the Day
 
 

11 Alive: Loretta Lynn, coal miner’s daughter and country queen, dies “It was what I wanted to hear and what I knew other women wanted to hear, too,” the country great said in 2016.

 
 
Loretta Lynn (née Webb; April 14, 1932 – October 4, 2022) was an American singer-songwriter. In a career which spanned six decades in country music, Lynn released multiple gold albums. She had hits such as “You Ain’t Woman Enough (To Take My Man)”, “Don’t Come Home A-Drinkin’ (With Lovin’ on Your Mind)”, “One’s on the Way”, “Fist City”, and “Coal Miner’s Daughter”. In 1980, the film Coal Miner’s Daughter was made based on her life.

Lynn received many awards and other accolades for her groundbreaking role in country music, including awards from both the Country Music Association and Academy of Country Music as a duet partner and an individual artist. She was nominated 18 times for a Grammy Award, and won 3 times.[1] As of 2022, Lynn was the most awarded female country recording artist, and the only female ACM Artist of the Decade (1970s). Lynn scored 24 No. 1 hit singles and 11 number one albums. She ended 57 years of touring on the road after she suffered a stroke in 2017 and then broke her hip in 2018.

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By James Clear: 3-2-1: Simple mindset shifts, aligning thoughts and actions, and being contrarian
 
 
 
 
Google: Paint With Music
 
 
 
 
Den of Geek: The Best Horror Movies to Kick Off Your Halloween Season Spooky season is here again. The Den of Geek team celebrates the movies to watch to kick off the creepy festivities.
 
 
 
 
By Danielle Campoamor, Today: A parenting columnist says adults shouldn’t high-five kids. Yes, really “I will not slap the upraised palm of a person who is not my peer.”

 
 
 
 
By Nicholas Casey, The New York Times Magazine: Taken Under Fascism, Spain’s ‘Stolen Babies’ Are Learning the Truth Thousands of Spanish children were taken from hospitals and sold to wealthy Catholic families. This is Ana Belén Pintado’s story.

 
 
 
 
By Rachel Treisman, NPR: The man who wrote the Onion’s Supreme Court brief takes parody very seriously

 
 
 
 
By Joanna Moorhead, The Guardian: Improve your relationships – with advice from counter-terrorism experts

 
 
 
 
KTUU: Rising interest rates leave home owners struggling to sell

If your house isn’t selling, it may be priced to high! There was an article in today’s news about a couple trying to sell their house 6801 Meadow Street Anchorage, AK. Of course, I pulled it up on Zillow and was amazed at their various asking prices. Now, why do they need more room, is it because there isn’t any parking to speak of? It’s in a less than desirable location. Look at the quality outdoor steps and hand rails…
 
 

 
 

Poor quality steps and hand rails~


 
 
 
 
Excellent!
Modern Marvels: The Strange and Mysterious Junkyard (S9, E10) | Full Episode | History
 
 
 
 
Molly Tuttle: My journey with Alopecia Areata
Having alopecia has taught me that there is nothing “normal” about everyone being the same. Humans are beautifully diverse. We all have work to do to make our world a safer and more welcoming place for everyone regardless of appearance, race, age, sexuality, gender identity, disability, or anything else that makes us human. Many of us mean well and don’t realize when we’re using hurtful stereotypes and creating stigma. I think that as a society we can start to heal by educating ourselves and listening to each other’s stories. I hope that by sharing mine I can make the world a better place for the bald kids of the future. Thanks for listening!
Molly
 
 
 
 
Team Never Quit: STEPHANIE HERZOG: Board Member Cure Rare Disease, Working on Finding Cures for Duchenne
 
 
 
 
The History Guy: Good Morning, Captain
 
 
 
 
GeoBeats: Owner tells vet to put blind puppy down. Here’s how the vet responded.

 
 
 
 
What’s Gonna Happen AFTER MIDTERMS… | Buddy Brown

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

Recipes

 
 
By Yumna Jawad, Feel Good Foodie: 30 Recipes with a Can of Chickpeas Chickpeas can be used beyond just making hummus to add protein, texture and delicious taste to recipes.
 
 
By Justine Lee, the kitchn: 14 Super-Easy Dinners to Make Your Weeknight More Delicious
 
 
Just the Recipe: Paste the URL to any recipe, click submit, and it’ll return literally JUST the recipe- no ads, no life story of the writer, no nothing EXCEPT the recipe.
 
 
DamnDelicious
 
 


 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

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Book Blogs & Websites:

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Stacy, Carol RT Book Reviews

Welcome to the Stump the Bookseller blog!

Stump the Bookseller is a service offered by Loganberry Books to reconnect people to the books they love but can’t quite remember. In brief (for more detailed information see our About page), people can post their memories here, and the hivemind goes to work. After all, the collective mind of bibliophiles, readers, parents and librarians around the world is much better than just a few of us thinking. Together with these wonderful Stumper Magicians, we have a nearly 50% success rate in finding these long lost but treasured books. The more concrete the book description, the better the success rate, of course. It is a labor of love to keep it going, and there is a modest fee. Please see the How To page to find price information and details on how to submit your Book Stumper and payment.

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