FYI October 13, 2018

On This Day

 
 
1775 – The United States Continental Congress orders the establishment of the Continental Navy (the predecessor organization of the United States Navy).
The Continental Navy was the navy of the United States during the American Revolutionary War, and was formed in 1775. The fleet cumulatively became relatively substantial through the efforts of the Continental Navy’s patron John Adams and vigorous Congressional support in the face of stiff opposition, when considering the limitations imposed upon the Patriot supply pool.

The main goal of the navy was to intercept shipments of British matériel and generally disrupt British maritime commercial operations. The initial fleet consisted of converted merchantmen because of the lack of funding, manpower, and resources, with exclusively designed warships being built later in the conflict. The vessels that successfully made it to sea met with success only rarely, and the effort contributed little to the overall outcome of the war.

The fleet did serve to highlight a few examples of Continental resolve, notably launching Captain John Barry into the limelight. It provided needed experience for a generation of officers who went on to command conflicts which involved the early American navy.

With the war over and the Federal government in need of all available capital, the final vessel of the Continental Navy was auctioned off in 1785 to a private bidder.

The Continental Navy is the first establishment of what is now the United States Navy.[1]

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Born On This Day

 
 
1821 – Rudolf Virchow, German physician, biologist, and politician (d. 1902)
Rudolf Ludwig Carl Virchow (/ˈvɪərkoʊ, ˈfɪərxoʊ/;[1] German: [ˈfɪɐ̯ço] or German: [ˈvɪɐ̯ço];[2] 13 October 1821 – 5 September 1902) was a German physician, anthropologist, pathologist, prehistorian, biologist, writer, editor, and politician, known for his advancement of public health. He is known as “the father of modern pathology” because his work helped to discredit humourism, bringing more science to medicine. He is also known as the founder of social medicine and veterinary pathology, and to his colleagues, the “Pope of medicine”.[3][4][5]

Born and raised in Schievelbein (Świdwin) as an only child of a working-class family, he proved to be a brilliant student. Dissuaded by his weak voice, he abandoned his initial interest in theology and turned to medicine. With the help of a special military scholarship, he earned his medical degree from Friedrich-Wilhelms Institute (Humboldt University of Berlin) under the tutelage of Johannes Peter Müller. He worked at the Charité hospital under Robert Froriep, whom he eventually succeeded as the prosector.[6]

Although he failed to contain the 1847–1848 typhus epidemic in Upper Silesia, his report laid the foundation for public health in Germany, as well as his political and social activities. From it, he coined a well known aphorism: “Medicine is a social science, and politics is nothing else but medicine on a large scale”. He participated in the Revolution of 1848, which led to his expulsion from Charité the next year. He published a newspaper Die medicinische Reform (Medical Reform) during this period to disseminate his social and political ideas. He took the first Chair of Pathological Anatomy at the University of Würzburg in 1849. After five years, Charité invited him back to direct its newly built Institute for Pathology, and simultaneously becoming the first Chair of Pathological Anatomy and Physiology at Berlin University. The campus of Charité is now named Campus Virchow Klinikum. He cofounded the political party Deutsche Fortschrittspartei, by which he was elected to the Prussian House of Representatives, and won a seat in the Reichstag. His opposition to Otto von Bismarck’s financial policy resulted in an anecdotal “Sausage Duel” between the two. But he ardently supported Bismarck in his anti-Catholic campaigns, the social revolution he himself named as Kulturkampf (“culture struggle”).[7]

A prolific writer, he produced scientific writings alone exceeding 2,000 in number.[8] Among his books, Cellular Pathology published in 1858 is regarded as the root of modern pathology. This work also popularised the third dictum in cell theory: Omnis cellula e cellula (“All cells come from cells”); although his idea originated in 1855.[9] He founded journals such as Archiv für pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für klinische Medizin (now Virchows Archiv), and Zeitschrift für Ethnologie (Journal of Ethnology). The latter is published by German Anthropological Association and the Berlin Society for Anthropology, Ethnology and Prehistory, the societies of which he also founded.[10]

Virchow was the first to precisely describe and give names of diseases such as leukemia, chordoma, ochronosis, embolism, and thrombosis. He coined scientific terms, chromatin, agenesis, parenchyma, osteoid, amyloid degeneration, and spina bifida. His description of the transmission cycle of a roundworm Trichinella spiralis established the importance of meat inspection, which was started in Berlin. He developed the first systematic method of autopsy involving surgery of all body parts and microscopic examination.[11] A number of medical terms are named after him, including Virchow’s node, Virchow–Robin spaces, Virchow–Seckel syndrome, and Virchow’s triad. He was the first to use hair analysis in criminal investigation, and recognised its limitations.[12] His laborious analyses of the hair, skin, and eye colour of school children made him criticise the Aryan race concept as a myth.[13]

He was an ardent anti-evolutionist. He referred to Charles Darwin as an “ignoramus” and his own student Ernst Haeckel, the leading advocate of Darwinism in Germany, as a “fool”. He discredited the original specimen of Neanderthal man as nothing but that of a deformed human, and not an ancestral species.[14] He was an agnostic.[15]

In 1861, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In 1892, he was awarded the Copley Medal of the British Royal Society. He was elected to the Prussian Academy of Sciences in 1873; he declined an offer of ennoblement.

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FYI

 
 
Maria Popova’s Brain Pickings: Michael Rosen’s Sad Book: A Beautiful Anatomy of Loss, Illustrated by Quentin Blake
 
 
 
 
By Glenn Greenwald: Mental Health Professionals Denounce CNN and Don Lemon’s Show for Mocking and Stigmatizing Kanye West’s Hospitalization
But what CNN just did is a new – and uniquely dangerous – low in this gutter game. There are all sorts of legitimate ways to critique and even mock Kanye West if that’s what one wants to do. Laughingly exploiting the fact that he previously received medical treatment for mental health conditions is the opposite of legitimate. It’s the precise behavior that has driven people with mental health issues underground, hiding in shame, and too afraid – for good reason – to seek the treatment they need and deserve out of fear that people like the ones who composed this CNN panel will use it against them.
 
 
 
 
By Gary Price: University of Rochester: Seward Family Digital Archive Project Tops $1 Million in Grant Money
 
 

 
 
 
 
By Elizabeth Werth: Ewy Rosqvist Was Winning Women’s Rally Championships While Still Working as a Veterinary Surgeon
 
 
Ewy Rosqvist-von Korff , born 3 August 1929 as Ewy Jönsson in Herrestad ( Malmöhus County ) [ 1 ] , is one of Sweden’s most successful rally drivers . She won a number of European championships, as well as the women’s class in Midnight Sunlight Rally (four times). Her biggest success is the total victory in Argentina’s country road Grand Prix ( Gran Premio [ 1 ] ) in 1962 , when she had Ursula Wirth as a map reader. [ 2 ]

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Ewy Rosqvist
 
 
 
 
By George Dvorsky: This Hilarious Optical Illusion for Birds Could Save Your Life
 
 
 
 
Chuck Wendig Terrible Minds: For World Mental Health Day: When Writer’s Block Is Actually Depression
 
 
By James Whitbrook: Star Wars Writer Chuck Wendig Claims Marvel Fired Him for ‘Vulgarity’ and ‘Too Much Politics’ On His Social Media
 
 
 
 
Open Culture Josh Jones: The History of Philosophy Visualized in an Interactive Timeline
 
 
 
 
By Sara Perkins, University of Indianapolis: Two Feet, the Musician Behind ‘Go F— Yourself,’ Is Back with Equal Parts Vitriol and Emotion
In a statement following his hospitalization, Dess recounts, in detail, the events that transpired during his suicide attempt, and shares that he was accurately diagnosed with bipolar disorder.

“Mental illnesses are strange phenomenon,” Dess wrote on Facebook. “Unlike diabetes or cancers where one can isolate and identify the cause of the problem, there are no definitive markers other than the person’s behavior. And even a person’s behavior can be difficult to decode by professional therapists, friends, or loved ones.”
 
 
 
 
By Miranda Weiss: Courage Before the Thaw Portraits of Alaskan women on the precipice of climate change
 
 
 
 
The Old Motor: Four Fun Friday Kodachrome Car Photographs Volume 176
 
 
 
 
Dave Ross KIRO-FM Guest Post: Americans living in LeftyLand and RightyLand
Just one main rule: the two parks would have to direct their robocalls and death threats exclusively at each other, and leave the rest of us alone.
 
 
 
 
Lit Hub Weekly October 9 – 12, 2018: Happy Birthday, Elmore Leonard! A list of his best opening lines, ranked. Lauren Groff, Sigrid Nunez, Terrance Hayes, Jenny Xie and more: the finalists for the 2018 National Book Awards have been announced. | National Book Foundation. More ->
 
 
 
 
By ejaeger1: Gardening in the Far North
 
 
By Barb: Gardening on the Upper Kuskokwim
 
 
 
 
By Liz Seegert: Journalist, students dive deep into local elder abuse investigation
 
 
 
 
By Heather Chapman: Website lets students try their hand at running a rural county government, discern real news from fake on social media
Journalists may note with interest the site’s newest game, Newsfeed Defenders, which launched Oct. 3. It helps students tell the difference between reliable and unreliable news items on social media. It was developed in partnership with the Annenberg Public Policy Center, which runs FactCheck.org.
 
 
 
 
By Heather Chapman: Wendell Berry: America’s embrace of factory farming hurts farmers
 
 
 
 
By Simon Rogers Data Editor, Google News Lab: Fortnite fever and verified Vermonsters: Frightgeist Halloween trends for 2018
 
 
 
 
By Zaz Hollander: Recovery Has Not Come Cheap for the Alaskan Borough Targeted by Hackers
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 
By Hometalk Highlights: 17 Halloween Decorations That’ll Make Your Neighbors Giggle
 
 


 
 

 
 

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