On This Day
690 – Empress Wu Zetian establishes the Zhou Dynasty of China.
The Wu Zhou (Chinese: 武周), known officially as Zhou (Chinese: 周), also called the Southern Zhou dynasty (Chinese: 南周), Second Zhou dynasty or Restored Zhou dynasty, was a Chinese dynasty that existed between 690 and 705 AD, when Wu Zetian ruled as Empress Regnant. The dynasty began when Wu Zhao, which was Wu Zetian’s personal name, usurped the throne of her son, the Emperor Ruizong of Tang, and lasted until Emperor Zhongzong of Tang was restored to the throne. Historians generally view the Wu Zhou as an interregnum of the Tang dynasty.
The sole ruler of Wu Zhou was Wu Zetian. She took the name “Wu Zhao” upon her coronation. Wu named her dynasty after the ancient Zhou dynasty, from whom she believed herself to be descended.
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Born On This Day
1919 – Violet Milstead, Canadian World War II aviator and bush pilot (d. 2014)
Violet “Vi” Milstead Warren CM (October 17, 1919 – June 27, 2014) was a Canadian aviator, noted for being the first female Canadian bush pilot and one of only four Canadian women to work in the British Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA) during WWII. With over 600 hours of flight time during the war, she was the longest serving female Canadian ATA pilot. She worked as a flight instructor at Barker Field in Toronto, Ontario, and her students included commercial pilot Molly Reilly and author June Callwood. She is a member of the Canadian Aviation Hall of Fame, the Order of Canada, and the Bush Pilots Hall of Fame.
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