On This Day
42 BC – Liberators’ civil war: Second Battle of Philippi: Mark Antony and Octavian decisively defeat Brutus’s army. Brutus commits suicide.
The Liberators’ civil war was started by the Second Triumvirate to avenge Julius Caesar’s murder. The war was fought by the forces of Mark Antony and Octavian (the Second Triumvirate members) against the forces of Caesar’s assassins Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus in 42 BC.
After the murder of Caesar, Brutus and Cassius (the two main conspirators, also known as the Liberatores) had left Italy and taken control of all Eastern provinces (from Greece and Macedonia to Syria) and of the allied Eastern kingdoms. In Rome the three main Caesarian leaders (Antony, Octavian and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus), who controlled almost all the Roman army in the west, had crushed the opposition of the senate and established the second triumvirate. One of their first tasks was to destroy the Liberators’ forces, not only to get full control of the Roman world, but also to avenge Caesar’s death.
The triumvirs decided to leave Lepidus in Italy, while the two main partners of the triumvirate (Antony and Octavian) moved to Northern Greece with their best troops (a total of 28 legions). In 42 BC Gaius Norbanus Flaccus and Decidius Saxa, were sent by the triumvirs with an eight legion strong advance guard into Macedonia against the murderers of Julius Caesar. In the neighborhood of Philippi, Norbanus and Saxa met the combined advancing troops of Cassius and Brutus. As they were outnumbered, Norbanus and Saxa occupied a position near Philippi which prevented the republicans from advancing any further. By a ruse, Brutus and Cassius managed to make Norbanus leave this position, but Norbanus discovered the ruse in time to recover the dominating position. When Brutus and Cassius managed to outflank them, Norbanus and Saxa retreated toward Amphipolis. When Marc Antony and the bulk of the triumvir’s troops arrived (minus Octavian, who was delayed at Dyrrachium because of ill health), they found Amphipolis well guarded and Norbanus was left in command of the town.
Born On This Day
1865 – Neltje Blanchan, American historian and author (d. 1918)
Neltje Blanchan De Graff Doubleday (October 23, 1865 – February 21, 1918) was a United States scientific historian and nature writer who published several books on wildflowers and birds under the pen name Neltje Blanchan. Her work is known for its synthesis of scientific interest with poetic phrasing.
Early life and education
Neltje Blanchan De Graff was born in Chicago to Liverius De Graff, a proprietor of a men’s clothing store, and his wife Alice Fair. She was educated at St. John’s Preparatory School in New York City and The Masters School in Dobbs Ferry, New York.
Marriage and family
Neltje married Frank Nelson Doubleday in Plainfield, New Jersey on June 9, 1886. They had two sons and one daughter: Felix Doty (adopted), Nelson (1889–1949) and Dorothy. They had homes in both New York City and Oyster Bay.
Neltje Doubleday published eleven books under her pen name of Neltje Blanchan. Her works on wildflowers and birds were notable for their combination of scientific facts with poetic expression.
Neltje Doubleday entertained regularly and participated in philanthropic work for the American Red Cross.
In 1917 she visited the Philippines and China on special assignment as a commissioner for the Red Cross. She died suddenly in Canton, China on February 21, 1918 at age 52.
Legacy and honors
Some of her papers (1914–1918) are held in the Frank N. Doubleday and Nelson Doubleday Collection at the Princeton University Library.
The Wyoming Arts Council established the Neltje Blanchan Literary Award (now called the Blanchan/Doubleday Writing Award), which is given annually to “a writer whose work, in any genre, is inspired by nature.” The award was funded in Blanchan’s memory by her granddaughter, Neltje Doubleday Kings, an abstract artist who served on the board of the Council from 1985 to 1988. In 2010 Neltje Kings made an estate gift to the University of Wyoming, including her land, ranch and studio buildings, art collections, which is the largest in the history of the university. When realized, it will become the UW Neltje Center for the Visual and Literary Arts.
Nellie’s grandson Nelson Doubleday Jr. was president of the Doubleday publishing company from 1978–1986, when he sold it to the Bertelsmann group from Germany. He purchased the New York Mets in 1986 and was chairman of its board that year when it won the World Series title. In 2002 he sold his half share in the team.
The Piegan Indians (1892)
Bird Neighbors (1897)
Birds that Hunt and Are Hunted (pdf). New York: Doubleday & McClure Co. 1898. p. 359.
Nature’s Garden (1900), republished as Wild Flowers: An Aid to Knowledge of our Wild Flowers and their Insect Visitors (1901)
How to Attract the Birds (1902)
“What the Basket Means to the Indian,” a chapter in Mary White’s How To Make Baskets (1901)
Birds Every Child Should Know (1907)
The American Flower Garden (1909)
Birds Worth Knowing (1917)
Canadian Birds Worth Knowing (1917)
Wild Flowers Worth Knowing (adapted from Nature’s Garden by Asa Don Dickenson, 1917, 1922)
Birds: Selected from the Writings of Neltje Blanchan (posthumously, 1930)
By Diane Moskovitz: Police: Ex-Boyfriend Shot Dead Utah Track Athlete, Then Killed Himself
By Yessenia Funes: Deb Haaland Could Be Congress’ First Native American Woman—and a Voice for New Mexico’s Sacred Lands
By David Tracy: I Just Came Home to a Junkyard
By Kristen Lee: Researchers Have Discovered the World’s Oldest Intact Shipwreck in the Black Sea
By Dan Neilan: Here’s how horror film scores have evolved to scare us over the years
By Danette Chavez: Mayans M.C. isn’t the “border story” people expected to see, but it’s just as riveting
By Christine Cube: Blog Profiles: Cybersecurity Blogs
YouTube Learning: Investing in educational creators, resources, and tools for EduTubers
Iraq war veteran Joshua Carroll used to spend nights at his security post watching YouTube to learn trigonometry so he could pursue his passion for space. In just three weeks, YouTube helped him improve his math skills from a 10th grade level to the level required to take physics classes at New River Community College in Virginia. Today, he makes a living as a physicist, using Bernoulli differential equations in fluid flow systems. Joshua is not alone–people all over the world use YouTube to learn and follow their passions.
By Liz Seegert: NYC’s first lady urges reporters to tackle mental health issues
“We have to stop thinking about mental health in a silo, as a subset of physical health,” she said. Too many families still don’t know where to turn, and keep their problems hidden, as they try to protect the people they care about from judgment and shame.
By Joanne Kenen: How to discover and dissect surprise medical bills
By Heather Chapman: Agriculture Dept. program funds rural jail-building boom
Some local residents oppose the new jails, saying that they increase debt and that the payments will take money from other important local programs — and motivate local courts and law enforcement to fill the jails. “The USDA Community Facilities program, meant to improve economic development and quality of life, is instead increasingly being used to fund the infrastructure to detain and incarcerate more people in rural counties across the country,” Norton and Kang-Brown report.
Carolyne Aarsen: Ten ways you know you live on a farm
I grew up in the city and when I married the love of my life he moved me to a farm. I learned a lot those first few years but I’ve also discovered that there are a number of differences between farm life and city life. I pulled up just a few to share. These are things that I have found peculiar to farm/country living.
When you are taking a shower and the water pressure goes down – you know the cows are drinking from the cattle waterer in the corrals.
When the power goes off you are more worried about the electric fence keeping the cows in and the fans in the barn than you are about the refrigerator in the house
You sometimes wake up to see cows or horses in your garden. ( see above)
That rumbling sound coming down the road is more likely to be a tractor, sprayer, combine or grain truck than a monster truck.
Sometimes that slower pace of life people talk about is because you can get stuck on the road behind a tractor, sprayer or combine. But that’s often okay because you probably know the driver and which field they are going to turn onto.
You don’t hang laundry on the clothesline during spring and fall because the heavy traffic coming down the road creates clouds of dust.
Your kids take the the time to properly close and latch every gate behind them because otherwise you’ll end up with #3 and they’ve had to help you chase cows at 6:00 in the morning – through wet grass – on a Saturday – so, no thanks, latch that gate.
Sometimes a night out is driving around to check the crops.
Doesn’t matter what the weather is, it could be better.
You wear rubber boots to go get groceries and no one bats an eye.
By News Wires: China unveils world’s longest bridge linking Hong Kong with mainland
All About Romance: Charlaine Harris An Easy Death
By Gary Price: Texas: Houston Public Library Sued by Anti-Gay Activists Over Drag Queen Story Hour
The group behind the lawsuit identify themselves as “Christ followers,” taxpayers and card-carrying library patrons. One of those bringing the lawsuit is Tex Christopher, who says he homeschooled his children using library books.
By Gary Price: Iowa Man Burns Children’s Books From Public Library to Protest Orange City Pride
The books Dorr selected for burning, he said, were those he deemed the most egregious. He said he has not spoken to anyone from the Orange City Public Library, and that he will not be replacing the books nor paying for them.
By Jeffrey Mervis: Kathleen Williams wants Montana voters to help her restore civility and science
By John Moody: Chinese Companies Are Buying Up Closed Colleges
Open Culture Josh Jones: Roger Waters Adapts and Narrates Igor Stravinsky’s Theatrical Piece, The Soldier’s Story
Open Culture Colin Marshall: The Big Lebowski at 20: Jeff Bridges, John Goodman & Steve Buscemi Reunite to Discuss the Coen Brothers’ Beloved Film
Open Culture Josh Jones: Free Guided Imagery Recordings Help Kids Cope with Pain, Stress & Anxiety
By Jessyratfink: HOW TO WRITE AN INSTRUCTABLE
Cari Everything Pretty: Orange Cinnamon Solid Lotion Recipe For Dry Skin
Cheryl Phan Artzy Fartzy Creations: Elegant Capizo Faux Finish
Cheryl Phan artzy Fartzy Creations: LusterStone – The Perfect Decorative Finish
By KitchenMason: How to Make Easy ‘Bloody’ Surprise Halloween Cupcakes
Widget not in any sidebars
Widget not in any sidebars
Widget not in any sidebars