FYI October 31, 2022

On This Day

683 – During the Siege of Mecca, the Kaaba catches fire and is burned down.
The Kaaba (Arabic: ٱلْكَعْبَة, romanized: al-Kaʿbah, lit. ’The Cube’, Arabic pronunciation: [kaʕ.bah]), also spelled Ka’bah or Kabah, sometimes referred to as al-Kaʿbah al-Musharrafah (Arabic: ٱلْكَعْبَة ٱلْمُشَرَّفَة, romanized: al-Kaʿbah al-Musharrafah, lit. ’Honored Ka’bah’), is a building at the center of Islam’s most important mosque, the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.[1][2] It is the most sacred site in Islam.[3] It is considered by Muslims to be the Bayt Allah (Arabic: بَيْت ٱللَّٰه, lit. ’House of God’) and is the qibla (Arabic: قِبْلَة, direction of prayer) for Muslims around the world when performing salah.

In early Islam, Muslims faced in the general direction of Jerusalem as the qibla in their prayers before changing the direction to face the Kaaba, believed by Muslims to be a result of a Quranic verse revelation to Muhammad.[4]

According to Islamic mythology, the Kaaba was rebuilt several times throughout history, most famously by Ibrahim (Abraham) and his son Ismail (Ishmael), when he returned to the valley of Mecca several years after leaving his wife Hajar (Hagar) and Ismail there upon Allah’s command. Circling the Kaaba seven times counterclockwise, known as Tawaf (Arabic: طواف, romanized: tawaaf), is a Fard (obligatory) rite for the completion of the Hajj and Umrah pilgrimages.[3] The area around the Kaaba where pilgrims walk is called the Mataaf.

The Kaaba and the Mataaf are surrounded by pilgrims every day of the Islamic year, except the 9th of Dhu al-Hijjah, known as the Day of Arafah, on which the cloth covering the structure, known as the Kiswah (Arabic: كسوة, romanized: Kiswah, lit. ’Cloth’) is changed. However, the most significant increase in their numbers is during Ramadan and the Hajj, when millions of pilgrims gather for Tawaf.[5] According to the Saudi Ministry of Hajj and Umrah, 6,791,100 external pilgrims arrived for the Umrah pilgrimage in the Islamic year AH 1439 (2017/2018 CE).[6]



Born On This Day

1391 – Edward, King of Portugal (d. 1438)
Edward (Portuguese: Duarte[a] ([duˈaɾt(ɨ)]; 31 October 1391 – 9 September 1438), also called Edward the King Philosopher (Duarte o Rei-Filósofo) or the Eloquent (o Eloquente), was the King of Portugal from 1433 until his death. He was born in Viseu, the son of John I of Portugal and his wife, Philippa of Lancaster. Edward was the oldest member of the “Illustrious Generation” of accomplished royal children who contributed to the development of Portuguese civilization during the 15th century. As a cousin of several English kings, he became a Knight of the Garter.[1][b]




NASA: Astronomy Picture of the Day
By Alex Dalenberg, Pocket Collections: The History of Halloween How an ancient Celtic harvest festival became ‘Spooky Season.’
By Lucas Reilly, Mental Floss: How the World’s Only Feudal Lord Outclassed the Nazis to Save Her People Dame Sibyl Hathaway protected her people with the unlikeliest of weapons: Feudal etiquette, old-world manners, and a dollop of classic snobbery.
What a surprise~
By Jeremy Schwartz and Jessica Priest, Pro Publica: Churches Are Breaking the Law by Endorsing in Elections, Experts Say. The IRS Looks the Other Way.
By Sarah A. Peterson-Camacho, Kings River Life: Season of the Ghost: The Ghosthropology Podcast
By Alan Siegel, The Ringer: “Thank You, and Goodbye” On October 30, 2002, a cancer-stricken Warren Zevon returned to the ‘Late Show With David Letterman’ stage for one last performance. Twenty years later, Letterman and more remember the gravitas and emotion of that stunning night.
Brad Dison: Paul Harvey – The Guardian Angel on Halloween – Rest of the Story
Royce Gracie – BJJ and MMA LEGEND | Black Rifle Coffee Podcast Ep 232
The Team House: FBI Hostage Rescue Team Operator | Greg Shaffer | Ep. 171
Shawn Ryan: The Story of Former Gang Member and Drug Dealer, Now Outlaw Music Artist, Struggle Jennings
Mike Glover: Tennessee Police Officer Shoots Partner Trying to Shoot Attacking Pit Bull
Mike Glover: Scout Kenai Setup for Bugging Out | Rig Tour




Food Talk Daily: Chicken Casserole
Just the Recipe: Paste the URL to any recipe, click submit, and it’ll return literally JUST the recipe- no ads, no life story of the writer, no nothing EXCEPT the recipe.




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