FYI September 02, 03 & 04, 2022

On This Day

44 BC – Cicero launches the first of his Philippicae (oratorical attacks) on Mark Antony. He will make 14 of them over the following months.[2]
The Philippics (Latin: Philippicae, singular Philippica) are a series of 14 speeches composed by Cicero in 44 and 43 BC, condemning Mark Antony. Cicero likened these speeches to those of Demosthenes against Philip II of Macedon;[1] both Demosthenes’s and Cicero’s speeches became known as Philippics. Cicero’s Second Philippic is styled after Demosthenes’ De Corona (‘On the Crown’).

The speeches were delivered in the aftermath of the assassination of Julius Caesar, during a power struggle between Caesar’s supporters and his assassins. Although Cicero was not involved in the assassination, he agreed with it and felt that Antony should also have been eliminated. In the Philippics, Cicero attempted to rally the Senate against Antony, whom he denounced as a threat to the Roman Republic.

The Philippics convinced the Senate to declare Antony an enemy of the state and send an army against him. However, the commanders were killed in battle, so the Senate’s army came under the control of Octavian. When Octavian, Antony and Marcus Lepidus formed the second triumvirate, Antony insisted that they proscribe Cicero in revenge for the Philippics. Cicero was hunted down and killed soon after.

1411 – The Treaty of Selymbria is concluded between the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Venice.
The Treaty of Selymbria was an agreement concluded on 3 September 1411 between the Republic of Venice and the Ottoman prince Musa Çelebi, ruler of the European portion of the Ottoman Empire (Rumelia), at Selymbria. The treaty largely repeated previous agreements between Venice and Ottoman rulers, and recognized the possessions of the Republic in Greece and Albania.


929 – Battle of Lenzen: Slavic forces (the Redarii and the Obotrites) are defeated by a Saxon army near the fortified stronghold of Lenzen in Brandenburg.
The Battle of Lenzen was a land battle between a Saxon army of the Kingdom of Germany and the armies of the Slavic Redarii and Linonen peoples, that took place on 4 September 929 near the fortified Linonen stronghold of Lenzen in Brandenburg, Germany. The Saxon army, commanded by Saxon magnate Bernhard, destroyed a Slavic Redarii army. It marked the failure of Slavic attempts to resist German king Henry the Fowler’s expansionism to the Elbe.

The Saxons had been laying siege to Lenzen, a Slavic fortress, since 30 August. On 3 September the Saxon mounted scouts alerted Bernhard to the presence of a Redarii army nearby. The next day, the Redarii formed up in an infantry phalanx opposite the Saxons, who did likewise.

Bernhard’s cavalry feigned retreat to draw out the Redarii, who had no cavalry units of their own, but the wet terrain prevented effective maneuvering. The Saxons launched infantry assaults, with heavy casualties for both sides in the drawn-out combat that went on for the rest of the day. Ultimately, the Saxon cavalry under the command of Count Thietmar of Merseburg was able to outflank the Redarii formation and charge upon them, routing them. The Saxons gave pursuit to completely destroy their opponents, slaughtering the fleeing Redarii en masse. The garrison of Lenzen surrendered the next morning.

The German victory at Lenzen was total, resulting in the suppression of effective Slavic resistance to German rule along the Elbe for the rest of Henry’s reign. Sources for the battle include the Deeds of the Saxons[1] by Widukind of Corvey and Chronicon Thietmari by Thietmar of Merseburg.[2][3]

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Born On This Day

1243 – Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester, 6th Earl of Hertford, English politician (d. 1295)[11]
Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford,[1] 7th Earl of Gloucester (2 September 1243 – 7 December 1295) was a powerful English noble. He was also known as “Red” Gilbert de Clare or “The Red Earl”, probably because of his hair colour or fiery temper in battle. He held the Lordship of Glamorgan which was one of the most powerful and wealthy of the Welsh Marcher Lordships as well as over 200 English manors (172 in the Honor of Clare).[2]


1034 – Emperor Go-Sanjō of Japan (d. 1073)
Emperor Go-Sanjō (後三条天皇, Go-Sanjō-tennō, September 3, 1032 – June 15, 1073) was the 71st emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2]

Go-Sanjō’s reign spanned the years from 1068 through 1073.[3]

This 11th century sovereign was named after Emperor Sanjō and go- (後), translates literally as “later;” and thus, he is sometimes called the “Later Emperor Sanjō”, or, in some older sources, may be identified as “Sanjō, the second” or as “Sanjo II.”

It was during, and due to, his reign that the Fujiwara grip on power was broken; following Go-Sanjo’s rule, their power continued to wane until 1150, where any semblance of their power disappeared.

973 – Al-Biruni, Persian physician and polymath (d. 1048)
Abu Rayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni /ælbɪˈruːni/ (973 – after 1050)[6] commonly known as al-Biruni, was a Khwarazmian Iranian[7][8][9][10] scholar and polymath during the Islamic Golden Age. He has been called variously the “founder of Indology”, “Father of Comparative Religion”,[11][9][12][13] “Father of modern geodesy”, and the first anthropologist.[14][15]

Al-Biruni was well versed in physics, mathematics, astronomy, and natural sciences, and also distinguished himself as a historian, chronologist, and linguist.[9] He studied almost all the sciences of his day and was rewarded abundantly for his tireless research in many fields of knowledge.[16] Royalty and other powerful elements in society funded Al-Biruni’s research and sought him out with specific projects in mind. Influential in his own right, Al-Biruni was himself influenced by the scholars of other nations, such as the Greeks, from whom he took inspiration when he turned to the study of philosophy.[17] A gifted linguist, he was conversant in Khwarezmian, Persian, Arabic, Sanskrit, and also knew Greek, Hebrew, and Syriac. He spent much of his life in Ghazni, then capital of the Ghaznavids, in modern-day central-eastern Afghanistan. In 1017 he travelled to the Indian subcontinent and wrote a treatise on Indian culture entitled Tārīkh al-Hind (History of India), after exploring the Hindu faith practiced in India.[a] He was, for his time, an admirably impartial writer on the customs and creeds of various nations, his scholarly objectivity earning him the title al-Ustadh (“The Master”) in recognition of his remarkable description of early 11th-century India.[9]




NASA: Astronomy Picture of the Day

The Marginalian by Maria Popova: “Goodnight Moon” author Margaret Wise Brown’s little-known poems for the tragic love of her life, and their little-known love-story

James Clear: 3-2-1: The will to win, capturing experiences, and the difference between creativity and efficiency I


By Lianne Kolirin, CNN: Extraordinary images from Wildlife Photographer of the Year 2022 competition

By Bridget Reed Morawski, Popular Science: 5 reasons to hold on to old silica gel packets Reduce plastic waste while keeping your prized possessions safe from moisture damage.


By Katelyn Chef, Today: 100 interesting questions to ask to get to know someone better Skip the small talk and ask these deeper, more personal Qs instead.
Book Trib: Nora Roberts Saves Michigan Library, Angie Thomas New Trilogy and Book Industry Earnings in Decline?
By Ruben Gallo, MIT Press Reader: Mexico’s Little-Known Attempt to Save Freud From the Nazis Had the campaign to bring Sigmund Freud to Mexico succeeded, the imperiled psychoanalyst would have found himself living among the world’s foremost artists and intellectuals.
By Kate Dwyer, The New York Times: How to Get Published: A Book’s Journey From ‘Very Messy’ Draft to Best Seller The mainstream publishing industry is intimidating. How does a writer break in? Follow Jessamine Chan’s “The School for Good Mothers” through the roller coaster of its creation.

By Amy Maoz, Pocket Collections: How to Make Better Coffee A handy guide to upping your coffee game, from weighing different prep methods to troubleshooting your process.

Fascinating! This bounces between people but definitely worth watching. Especially the Mom whose kids borrowed her vehicle.

Nothing To Declare (CANADA) – Border Patrol Canada – Deployment at the border
Law & Crime Network: Chris Hansen Catches Prison Guard Predator for Soliciting Minor in Michigan

Principles of Preparedness | EP. 083 | Mike Force Podcast

The History Guy: Syracuse Salt Potatoes




By Allie Chanthorn Reinmann, Lifehacker: Life Is Better With These Cinnamon Corn Cookies Cinnamon and corn is a combination that was always meant to be.

Just the Recipe: Paste the URL to any recipe, click submit, and it’ll return literally JUST the recipe- no ads, no life story of the writer, no nothing EXCEPT the recipe.




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