On This Day
1607 – The Flight of the Earls takes place in Ireland.
The Flight of the Earls (Irish: Imeacht na nIarlaí) took place on 4 September 1607, when Hugh O’Neill, Earl of Tyrone and Rory O’Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell, and about ninety followers left Ulster in Ireland for mainland Europe.
The event was first named as a “flight” in a book by the Reverend CP Meehan that was published in 1868.
Historians disagree to what extent the earls wanted to start a war with Spanish help to re-establish their positions, or whether they accepted exile as the best way of coping with their recent loss of status since the Treaty of Mellifont in 1603. Meehan argued that the earls’ tenants wanted a new war: “Withal, the people of Ulster were full of hope that O’Neill would return with forces to evict the evictors, but the farther they advanced into this agreeable perspective, the more rapidly did its charms disappear.”
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Born On This Day
1905 – Mary Renault, English-South African author (d. 1983)
Mary Renault (/ˈrɛnoʊlt/; 4 September 1905 – 13 December 1983), born Eileen Mary Challans, was an English and South African writer best known for her historical novels set in ancient Greece. In addition to vivid fictional portrayals of Theseus, Socrates, Plato, and Alexander the Great, she wrote a non-fiction biography of Alexander.
By Emily Dixon, CNN: Fashion photographer Peter Lindbergh has died, age 74
Peter Lindbergh (born Peter Brodbeck, 23 November 1944 – 3 September 2019) was a German fashion photographer and film director.
Lindbergh was born on 23 November 1944 in Lissa (Leszno), Reichsgau Wartheland, German occupied Poland. He spent his childhood in Duisburg.
As a teenager, he worked as window dresser for the Karstadt and Horten department stores in Duisburg. Coming from a part of Germany close to the Dutch border, North Rhine-Westphalia, he spent summer holidays with his family in the Netherlands on the coast near Noordwijk. The vast beaches and the industrial settings of his hometown Duisburg, influenced his work strongly over the years. In the early 1960s, he moved to Lucerne and months later to Berlin where he enrolled in the Berlin Academy of Fine Arts. He hitchhiked to Arles in the footsteps of his idol, Vincent van Gogh. Lindbergh recalled these years: “I preferred actively seeking out van Gogh’s inspirations, my idol, rather than painting the mandatory portraits and landscapes taught in art schools”. After several months in Arles, he continued through to Spain and Morocco, a journey which took him two years.
Returning to Germany, he studied abstract art at the College of Art in Krefeld (North Rhine-Westphalia) with Günther C. Kirchberger. Influenced by Joseph Kosuth and the conceptual art movement, he was invited in 1969, before graduating, to present his work at the avant-garde Galerie Denise René. These works were exhibited in the Objets ludiques exhibition at the Tinguely Museum in Basel in 2014. After moving to Düsseldorf in 1971, he turned his attention to photography and worked for two years assisting German photographer Hans Lux, before opening his own studio in 1973. Becoming well known in his native country, he joined the Stern magazine family along with photographers Helmut Newton, Guy Bourdin and Hans Feurer.
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