On This Day
El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles (English: The town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels), shortened to Pueblo de los Ángeles, was the Spanish civilian pueblo settled in 1781, which by the 20th century became the American metropolis of Los Angeles.
Official settlements in Alta California were of three types: presidio (military), mission (religious) and pueblo (civil). The Pueblo de los Ángeles was the second pueblo (town) created during the Spanish colonization of California (the first was San Jose, in 1777). El Pueblo de la Reina de los Ángeles—’The Town of the Queen of Angels' was founded twelve years after the first presidio and mission, the Presidio of San Diego and the Mission San Diego de Alcalá (1769). The original settlement consisted of forty-four people in eleven families, recruited mostly from Estado de Occidente. As new settlers arrived and soldiers retired to civilian life in Los Angeles, the town became the principal urban center of southern Alta California, whose social and economic life revolved around the raising of livestock on the expansive ranchos.
Born On This Day
1924 – Joan Aiken, English author (d. 2004)
Joan Delano Aiken MBE (4 September 1924 – 4 January 2004) was an English writer specialising in supernatural fiction and children’s alternative history novels. In 1999 she was awarded an MBE for her services to children’s literature. For The Whispering Mountain, published by Jonathan Cape in 1968, she won the Guardian Children’s Fiction Prize, a once-in-a-lifetime book award judged by a panel of British children’s writers, and she was a commended runner-up for the Carnegie Medal from the Library Association, recognising the year’s best children’s book by a British writer.[a] She won an Edgar Allan Poe Award (1972) for Night Fall.
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