FYI September 09 & 10, 2022

On This Day

1141 – Yelü Dashi, the Liao dynasty general who founded the Qara Khitai, defeats the Seljuq and Kara-Khanid forces at the Battle of Qatwan.
The Battle of Qatwan (Chinese: 卡特萬之戰) was fought in September 1141 between the Qara Khitai (Western Liao dynasty) and the Seljuq Empire and its vassal-state the Kara-Khanid Khanate. The Seljuqs were decisively defeated, which signalled the beginning of the end of the Great Seljuk Empire.[1]


506 –The Council of Agde was a regional synod held in September 506 at Agatha or Agde, on the Mediterranean coast east of Narbonne, in the Septimania region of the Visigothic Kingdom, with the permission of the Visigothic King Alaric II.[1]
The bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde.


Born On This Day

214/15 – Aurelian, Roman emperor (d. 275)[11]
Aurelian (Latin: Lucius Domitius Aurelianus; 9 September 214 – c. October 275) was a Roman emperor, who reigned during the Crisis of the Third Century, from 270 to 275. As emperor, he won an unprecedented series of military victories which reunited the Roman Empire after it had nearly disintegrated under the pressure of barbarian invasions and internal revolts.

Born in humble circumstances, near the Danube River, he entered the Roman military in 235, and climbed up the ranks. He would go on to lead the cavalry of the emperor Gallienus, until Gallienus’ assassination in 268. Following this, Claudius Gothicus became emperor, until his own death in 270. Claudius’ brother, Quintillus ruled the empire for three months, before Aurelian became emperor.

During his reign, he defeated the Alamanni after a devastating war. He also defeated the Goths, Vandals, Juthungi, Sarmatians, and Carpi. Aurelian restored the Empire’s eastern provinces after his conquest of the Palmyrene Empire in 273. The following year he conquered the Gallic Empire in the west, reuniting the Empire in its entirety. He was also responsible for the construction of the Aurelian Walls in Rome, the abandonment of the province of Dacia, and monetary reform, trying to curb the devaluation of the Roman currency.

Although Domitian, two centuries previous, was the first emperor who had demanded to be officially hailed as dominus et deus (“master and god”), these titles never occurred in written form on official documents until the reign of Aurelian.[2] His successes were instrumental in ending the crisis, earning him the title Restitutor Orbis (“Restorer of the World”).


1423 – Eleanor, Princess of Asturias (d. 1425)[6]
Eleanor of Castile (Castilian: Leonor de Castilla; 10 September 1423 – 22 August 1425) was heir presumptive to the throne of the Crown of Castile and Princess of Asturias from 1424 until a few months before her death.

Eleanor was born an infanta of Castile. She was the second child of King John II of Castile and his first wife, Maria of Aragon. Eleanor’s elder sister, Catherine, Princess of Asturias, died seven days after Eleanor’s first birthday. Thus, the one-year-old infanta became heir presumptive to the throne. Her father had her recognised as successor to the kingdom and as Princess of Asturias by the Cortes of Valladolid shortly after her sister’s funeral. The new Princess of Asturias received homage in the presence of her father, the King, in City of Burgos.[1]

Princess Eleanor held this title and status for two months only. On 5 January 1425, she was displaced by the birth of a brother, the future King Henry IV of Castile. Now merely infanta and second-in-line to the throne again, Eleanor died the same year near the Cistercian monastery in La Espina. She was buried there, near the altar. She succeeded her sister, Catherine, Princess of Asturias, as Princess of Asturias in 1424.



NASA: Astronomy Picture of the Day
By Jacqueline Howard, CNN: Comfort dogs are greeting Uvalde students for their return to school. Here’s how canine visitors can help after tragedy
By Jesus Diaz, Fast Company: This amazing coffee ball is like a Keurig pod without the pod CoffeeB aims to give you the convenience and taste of capsule pods while avoiding all the waste.
By Jessie Yeung and Tetsu Sukegawa, CNN: Japanese care home recruits babies to cheer up elderly residents
By Jennifer De Pinto, CBS News poll: Big major Politics CBS News poll: Big majority favor maximum age limits for elected officials

By Dustin Jones, NPR: Meet South Dakota’s new corn-bassador, a boy who recently found out that corn is real
By Noelle Alejandra Salmi, MatadorNetwork: The Best Art From This Year’s Burning Man

By Jessica Stewart, My Modern Met: 20 Winning Images from the 2022 iPhone Photography Awards
By Matt Fidler, The Guardian: Eruptions and a polar bear at play: Drone photo awards 2022 – in pictures
By Caitlin Morton, Condé Nast Traveler: The 26 Most Beautiful Castles in Europe

Warning: This article contains references to murder, ritual sacrifice and suicide.

By Martha Henriques, BBC: The mystery of the human sacrifices buried in Europe’s bogs
By Ryan King, Jalopnik: A Brand-New Footbridge in Congo Collapsed During its Ribbon-Cutting Ceremony Apparently that ribbon was a structural member holding the whole bridge together.
A buddy of mine sent me this video along with a quote from our statics professor back in Flint, Mi. in the mid 80’s – Doc. Ho. A student once asked Doc Ho about partial credit for an answer gave on a recent written test. Doc Ho’s reply: “you build bridge, bridge fall down, half of people on bridge die, you want partial credit?” Almost 40 years and counting, and I still use that quote.

Recollection Road: 12 Things Gone FOREVER…1960s – Life in America
Recollection Road: This would horrify parents today, The Danger and Fun of Growing Up – Life in America
Conservative Twins: Aqua Dummy Jason Momoa Cuts Long Hair to Save The Planet
Colion Noir: 17- Year Old Armed With Shotgun Defends Home From 3 Masked Home Intruders
Jack CarrUSA: Ryan Steck: Fields of Fire



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