FYI September 21 & 22, 2021

On This Day

1170 – The Kingdom of Dublin falls to Norman invaders.
Vikings invaded the territory around Dublin in the 9th century, establishing the Norse Kingdom of Dublin, the earliest and longest-lasting Norse kingdom in Ireland. Its territory corresponded to most of present-day County Dublin. The Norse referred to the kingdom as Dyflin, which is derived from Irish Dubh Linn ‘black pool’. The first reference to the Vikings comes from the Annals of Ulster and the first entry for 841 AD reads: “Pagans still on Lough Neagh”. It is from this date onward that historians get references to ship fortresses or longphorts being established in Ireland. It may be safe to assume that the Vikings first over-wintered in 840–841 AD. The actual location of the longphort of Dublin is still a hotly debated issue. Norse rulers of Dublin were often co-kings, and occasionally also Kings of Jórvík in what is now Yorkshire. Under their rule, Dublin became the biggest slave port in Western Europe.[1][2]

Over time, the settlers in Dublin became increasingly Gaelicized. They began to exhibit a great deal of Gaelic and Norse cultural syncretism, and are often referred to as Norse-Gaels.

The extent of the kingdom varied, but in peaceful times it extended roughly as far as Wicklow (Wykinglo) in the south, Glen Ding near Blessington, Leixlip (Lax Hlaup) west of Dublin, and Skerries, Dublin (Skere) to the north. The Fingal area north of Dublin was named after the Norse who lived there.

In 988, Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill led the initial Gaelic conquest of Dublin. As a result, the founding of Dublin is counted by some from the year 988, although a village had existed on the site of Dublin nearly a thousand years earlier.

Coins were minted in Dublin by about 995, and on Mann by about 1025.[3]

In the mid-11th century, the Kingdom of Leinster began exerting influence over Dublin. Though the last king of Dublin was killed by the Norman conquerors of Dublin in 1171, the population of the city retained their distinctiveness for some generations.


1711 – The Tuscarora War begins in present-day North Carolina.
The Tuscarora War was fought in North Carolina from September 10, 1711 until February 11, 1715 between the Tuscarora people and their allies on one side and European American settlers, the Yamassee, and other allies on the other. This was considered the bloodiest colonial war in North Carolina.[1] The Tuscarora signed a treaty with colonial officials in 1718 and settled on a reserved tract of land in Bertie County, North Carolina. The war incited further conflict on the part of the Tuscarora and led to changes in the slave trade of North and South Carolina.

The first successful settlement of North Carolina began in 1653. The Tuscarora lived in peace with the settlers for more than 50 years, while nearly every other colony in America was involved in some conflict with Native Americans. Most of the Tuscarora migrated north to New York after the war, where they joined the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy as the sixth nation.


Born On This Day

1851 – Fanny Searls, American biologist (d. 1939)[6]
Fanny Searls (21 September 1851 – 24 May 1939), also known by her married name Fanny Gradle, was a doctor and botanical collector from the United States. Dalea searlsiae, Searls’ prairie clover, is named after her. Born in Waukegan, Illinois, she attended Northwestern University and the University of Michigan, gaining her medical degree in 1877. She then worked at Bellevue Hospital as a student nurse as there were few opportunities for women to gain medical internships at the time. In the meantime, she had developed skills as a concert pianist and a collector of botanical and geological specimens. In the last capacity, she donated a collection of 215 specimens gathered in Nevada to Northwestern University, including the first subsequently named Searls’ prairie clover. She moved to Santa Barbara, dying there in 1939.


1899 – Elsie Allen, Native American Pomo basket weaver (d. 1990)[9]
Elsie Comanche Allen (September 22, 1899 – December 31, 1990) was a Native American Pomo basket weaver from the Cloverdale Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California in Northern California, significant as for historically categorizing and teaching Californian Indian basket patterns and techniques and sustaining traditional Pomo basketry as an art form.



By Eleanor Beardsley, NPR: This French Pianist Has Been Playing For 102 Years And Just Released A New Album
Quartz: Junk mail: A crash course
By Ernie Smith, Tedium: How I Research Stuff If you’re a longtime reader of Tedium, you might wonder how I manage to uncover so many strange stories. Well, let me tell you. Hopefully it’s inspiring.
By Ernie Smith, Tedium: Let’s Go To The Tape Why Memorex, Silicon Valley’s first true startup, evolved into something of a ghost kitchen of computing.
By Ayun Halliday, Open Culture: Cartoonist Lynda Barry Teaches You How to Make a Visual Daily Diary
11 Alive: NPS ranger Betty Reid Soskin turns 100 Betty Reid Soskin officially became a National Park Service ranger in 2004. She works at the Rosie the Riveter/WWII Home Front National Historic Park.
Terri Babers
I get exhausted by the huge numbers of people who are so readily offended. It s even more exhausting when/if I find myself offended personally!
This mind-map or idea-path is spot on.
It is my choice …. it is your choice …. how to respond to “offensive” words and behaviors from others.
My friend and coaching colleague Roz Levbarg sent me a book a while back that discusses the Mitzvah (or “command” from God) to assume the best of intentions in others.
It brought home the great pain we bring on ourselves by our choices to assume the worst! and by our choices to feel offended.
And conversely the joy and peacefulness we can experience when we chose not to be offended
We can create positive change in our own life and in the world when we make powerful choices to NOT be offended, and to assume the best of others.
The name of the book Roz sent me is called “The Other Side of The Story; Giving people the benefit of the doubt – stories and strategies” by Yehudis Samet
My thoughts are: The point of this is to not take social media personally. If you use prayer, that is great. If you use the delete/ignore button that works as well. Social Media posts are like a tug of war, so let go of the rope.





By Sara Tane, The Kitchn: These Homemade Smiley Fries Are the Happiest Snack Around
By Jennifer McGavin, The Spruce Eats: How to Make Swiss Potato Rosti
By knu6543: Vegan Poblano and Black Bean Tortilla Soup
By curryandvanilla: Laksa Malaysian Soup (Vegetarian/Vegan)
By half-n-half: New Mexican Posole
By Lena Abraham, Delish: Blueberry-Lemon Upside-Down Cake Is Everything You Crave
By Katelyn, Sugary Logic: Easy No-Bake Peanut Butter Pie




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