FYI September 27, 2022

On This Day

1066 – William the Conqueror and his army set sail from the mouth of the Somme river, beginning the Norman conquest of England.[1]
The Norman Conquest (or the Conquest) was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army made up of thousands of Normans, Bretons, Flemish, and French troops, all led by the Duke of Normandy, later styled William the Conqueror.

William’s claim to the English throne derived from his familial relationship with the childless Anglo-Saxon king Edward the Confessor, who may have encouraged William’s hopes for the throne. Edward died in January 1066 and was succeeded by his brother-in-law Harold Godwinson. The Norwegian king Harald Hardrada invaded northern England in September 1066 and was victorious at the Battle of Fulford on 20 September, but Godwinson’s army defeated and killed Hardrada at the Battle of Stamford Bridge on 25 September. Three days later on 28 September, William’s invasion force of thousands of men and hundreds of ships landed at Pevensey in Sussex in southern England. Harold marched south to oppose him, leaving a significant portion of his army in the north. Harold’s army confronted William’s invaders on 14 October at the Battle of Hastings. William’s force defeated Harold, who was killed in the engagement, and William became king.

Although William’s main rivals were gone, he still faced rebellions over the following years and was not secure on the English throne until after 1072. The lands of the resisting English elite were confiscated; some of the elite fled into exile. To control his new kingdom, William granted lands to his followers and built castles commanding military strongpoints throughout the land. The Domesday Book, a manuscript record of the “Great Survey” of much of England and parts of Wales, was completed by 1086. Other effects of the conquest included the court and government, the introduction of the Norman language as the language of the elites, and changes in the composition of the upper classes, as William enfeoffed lands to be held directly from the king. More gradual changes affected the agricultural classes and village life: the main change appears to have been the formal elimination of slavery, which may or may not have been linked to the invasion. There was little alteration in the structure of government, as the new Norman administrators took over many of the forms of Anglo-Saxon government.

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Born On This Day

808 – Ninmyō, Japanese emperor (d. 850)
Emperor Ninmyō (仁明天皇, Ninmyō-tennō, 27 September 808 – 6 May 850)[1] was the 54th emperor of Japan,[2] according to the traditional order of succession.[3] Ninmyō’s reign lasted from 833 to 850, during the Heian period.[4]
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FYI

 
 
NASA: Astronomy Picture of the Day
 
 

 
 
 
 
Al Cross at The Rural Blog: Making crime coverage ‘more deliberate’; using social media for the public good; herbicide Roundup to remain on shelves longer . .
 
 
 
 

By Kaitlyn Tiffany, The Atlantic: Don’t Trash Your Old Phone—Give It a Second Life Responsibly disposing of used gadgets is more complicated than it may seem.
 
 
 
 
By Emily Underwood, Knowable Magazine: Rethinking insurance for floods, wildfires and other catastrophes The industry is in crisis just when disaster coverage is most needed
 
 
 
 
Literary Hub: How the Trapper Keeper Shaped a Generation of Writers Jess deCourcy Hinds on the Most Popular School Supply of All Time

 
 
 
 

By Bettina Makalintal, Eater: Will TikTok’s ‘Butter Board’ Become the Next Charcuterie Board? The “butter board” is coming for your next communal spread

 
 
 
 
Next Big Idea Club: Lessons on Innovation from iPod and Nest Creator Tony Fadell

 
 
 
 

By Shalene Gupta, Havard Business School: You Don’t Have to Quit Your Job to Find More Meaning in Life

 
 
 
 
By Jacek Olczak, Chief Executive Officer, Philip Morris International: A World Without Cigarettes

 
 
 
 

By Forest Brown, CNN Travel: 7 scenic drives across the United States for your fall foliage fix
 
 
 
 
The Associated Press: Swiss voters OK plan to raise retirement age for women to 65
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
There’s only 38 STATES Left in America…Here’s Why | Buddy Brown

 
 
 
 

Recipes

By Makinze Gore, Delish: Spicy Salmon Bowl Recipe
 
 
I Wash You Dry: French Onion Beef and Rice

 
 
Just the Recipe: Paste the URL to any recipe, click submit, and it’ll return literally JUST the recipe- no ads, no life story of the writer, no nothing EXCEPT the recipe.
 
 
DamnDelicious
 
 


 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

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Book Blogs & Websites:

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Stacy, Carol RT Book Reviews

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