1883 – First meeting of the Boys’ Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland.
The Boys’ Brigade (BB) is an interdenominational Christian youth organisation, conceived by Sir William Alexander Smith to combine drill and fun activities with Christian values. Following its inception in Glasgow in 1883, the BB quickly spread across the United Kingdom and became a worldwide organisation by the early 1890s. As of 2003, there were 500,000 Boys’ Brigade members in 60 countries.
1876 – Florence Eliza Allen, American mathematician and suffrage activist (d. 1960)
Florence Eliza Allen (October 4, 1876 – December 31, 1960) was an American mathematician and women’s suffrage activist. In 1907 she became the second woman to receive a Ph.D. in mathematics at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, and the fourth Ph.D. overall from that department.
Allen was born in Horicon, Wisconsin. She had an older brother and her father was a lawyer.
Florence Allen got her Bachelor’s degree in Mathematics from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1900. She was a member of Phi Beta Kappa as an undergrad, and Delta Delta Delta as a Ph.D. She held leadership positions in a fine arts and literary society for women. She stayed at UW–Madison as a resident and achieved her Master’s degree in 1901.
Florence Allen continued to work at UW–Madison as an assistant and became an instructor in 1902. She attained her doctorate in 1907 in geometry, after which she remained at UW–Madison; she became an assistant professor in 1945, and retired in 1947. She died at the age of 84 in 1960 in Madison, Wisconsin.
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