Category: FYI

FYI

FYI March 15, 2019

On This Day

 
 
44 BC – Julius Caesar, Dictator of the Roman Republic, is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus, and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March.
The Ides of March (/aɪdz/; Latin: Idus Martiae, Late Latin: Idus Martii)[1] is a day on the Roman calendar that corresponds to 15 March. It was marked by several religious observances and was notable for the Romans as a deadline for settling debts.[2] In 44 BC, it became notorious as the date of the assassination of Julius Caesar which made the Ides of March a turning point in Roman history.

Ides
The Romans did not number days of a month from the first to the last day. Instead, they counted back from three fixed points of the month: the Nones (5th or 7th, depending on the length of the month), the Ides (13th or 15th), and the Kalends (1st of the following month). The Ides occurred near the midpoint, on the 13th for most months, but on the 15th for March, May, July, and October. The Ides were supposed to be determined by the full moon, reflecting the lunar origin of the Roman calendar. On the earliest calendar, the Ides of March would have been the first full moon of the new year.[3]

Religious observances
The Ides of each month were sacred to Jupiter, the Romans’ supreme deity. The Flamen Dialis, Jupiter’s high priest, led the “Ides sheep” (ovis Idulis) in procession along the Via Sacra to the arx, where it was sacrificed.[4]

In addition to the monthly sacrifice, the Ides of March was also the occasion of the Feast of Anna Perenna, a goddess of the year (Latin annus) whose festival originally concluded the ceremonies of the new year. The day was enthusiastically celebrated among the common people with picnics, drinking, and revelry.[5] One source from late antiquity also places the Mamuralia on the Ides of March.[6] This observance, which has aspects of scapegoat or ancient Greek pharmakos ritual, involved beating an old man dressed in animal skins and perhaps driving him from the city. The ritual may have been a new year festival representing the expulsion of the old year.[7][8]

In the later Imperial period, the Ides began a “holy week” of festivals celebrating Cybele and Attis,[9][10][11] being the day Canna intrat (“The Reed enters”), when Attis was born and found among the reeds of a Phrygian river.[12] He was discovered by shepherds or the goddess Cybele, who was also known as the Magna Mater (“Great Mother”) (narratives differ).[13] A week later, on 22 March, the solemn commemoration of Arbor intrat (“The Tree enters”) commemorated the death of Attis under a pine tree. A college of priests, the dendrophoroi (“tree bearers”) annually cut down a tree,[14] hung from it an image of Attis,[15] and carried it to the temple of the Magna Mater with lamentations. The day was formalized as part of the official Roman calendar under Claudius (d. 54 AD).[16] A three-day period of mourning followed,[17] culminating with celebrating the rebirth of Attis on 25 March, the date of the vernal equinox on the Julian calendar.[18]

Assassination of Caesar
Main article: Assassination of Julius Caesar

In modern times, the Ides of March is best known as the date on which Julius Caesar was assassinated in 44 BC. Caesar was stabbed to death at a meeting of the Senate. As many as 60 conspirators, led by Brutus and Cassius, were involved. According to Plutarch,[19] a seer had warned that harm would come to Caesar no later than the Ides of March. On his way to the Theatre of Pompey, where he would be assassinated, Caesar passed the seer and joked, “The Ides of March are come”, implying that the prophecy had not been fulfilled, to which the seer replied “Aye, Caesar; but not gone.”[19] This meeting is famously dramatised in William Shakespeare’s play Julius Caesar, when Caesar is warned by the soothsayer to “beware the Ides of March.”[20][21] The Roman biographer Suetonius[22] identifies the “seer” as a haruspex named Spurinna.

Caesar’s death was a closing event in the crisis of the Roman Republic, and triggered the civil war that would result in the rise to sole power of his adopted heir Octavian (later known as Augustus).[23] Writing under Augustus, Ovid portrays the murder as a sacrilege, since Caesar was also the Pontifex Maximus of Rome and a priest of Vesta.[24] On the fourth anniversary of Caesar’s death in 40 BC, after achieving a victory at the siege of Perugia, Octavian executed 300 senators and knights who had fought against him under Lucius Antonius, the brother of Mark Antony.[25] The executions were one of a series of actions taken by Octavian to avenge Caesar’s death. Suetonius and the historian Cassius Dio characterised the slaughter as a religious sacrifice,[26][27] noting that it occurred on the Ides of March at the new altar to the deified Julius.
 
 

Born On This Day

 
 
1868 – Grace Chisholm Young, English mathematician (d. 1944)[2]
Grace Chisholm Young (née Chisholm) was an English mathematician. She was educated at Girton College, Cambridge, England and continued her studies at Göttingen University in Germany, where in 1895 she became the first woman to receive a doctorate in any field in that country.[2] Her early writings were published under the name of her husband, William Henry Young, and they collaborated on mathematical work throughout their lives. For her work on calculus (1914–16), she was awarded the Gamble Prize for Mathematics by Girton College, University of Cambridge.[3]

Early life
She was the youngest of three surviving children. Her father was a senior civil servant, with the title Warden of the Standards in charge of the Weights and Measures Department.[1] The two girls were taught at home by their mother, father and a governess which was the custom during that time. Her family encouraged her to become involved in social work, helping the poor in London. She had aspirations of studying medicine, but her family would not allow this. However, Chisholm wanted to continue her studies. She passed the senior examination for entrance into Cambridge University at the age of 17.

Education
Chisholm entered Girton College in 1889 aged 22, four years after she passed the senior entrance examination having been awarded the Sir Francis Goldsmid Scholarship by the college. At this time the college was only associated with the University of Cambridge with men and women graded on separate but related lists. Although she wanted to study medicine, her mother would not permit this, so, supported by her father, she decided to study mathematics.[1] At the end of her first year, when the Mays list came out, top of the Second class immediately below Isabel Maddison. In 1893, Grace passed her final examinations with the equivalent of a first-class degree, ranked between 23 and 24 relative to 112 men.[2][1]

She also took (unofficially, on a challenge, with Isabel Maddison) the exam for the Final Honours School in mathematics at the University of Oxford in 1892 in which she out-performed all the Oxford students. As a result, she became the first person to obtain a First class degree at both Oxford and Cambridge Universities in any subject.[1]

Chisholm remained at Cambridge for an additional year to complete Part II of the Mathematical Tripos, which was unusual for women.

She wanted to continue her studies and since women were not yet admitted to graduate schools in England she went to the University of Göttingen in Germany to study with Felix Klein. This was one of the major mathematical centres in the world. The decision to admit her had to be approved by the Berlin Ministry of Culture and was part of an experiment in admitting women to university studies.[1] In 1895, at the age of 27, Chisholm became the first woman to be awarded a doctorate in any field in Germany.[2] Again government approval had to be obtained to allow her to take the examination, which consisted of probing questions by several professors on sections such as geometry, differential equations, physics, astronomy, and the area of her dissertation, all in German. Along with her test she was required to take courses showing broader knowledge as well as prepare a thesis which was entitled Algebraisch-gruppentheoretische Untersuchungen zur sphärischen Trigonometrie (Algebraic Groups of Spherical Trigonometry).[4]

Research
After returning to England in 1896 to marry, she resumed research she had initiated at Gӧttingen into an equation to determine the orbit of a comet. Her husband continued his work coaching in mathematics.[1] However, in 1897 they both returned to Gӧttingen, encouraged by Felix Klein. Both attend advanced lectures and while she continued her mathematical research her husband started to work creatively for the first time. They visited Turin in Italy to study modern geometry and under Klein’s guidance they becan to work in the new area of set theory.[1] From about 1901, the Youngs began to publish papers together. These concerned the theory of functions of a real variable and were heavily influenced by new ideas with which she had come into contact with in Gӧttingen. In 1908 they moved to Geneva in Switzerland where she continued to be based while her husband held a series of academic posts in India and the UK.

Although most of their work was published jointly it is believed that Grace did a large amount of the actual writing, and she also produced some independent work which, according to expert opinion, was deeper and more important than her husband’s.[5] In total, they published about 214 papers together.[2] and four books.[1] She began to publish in her own name in 1914, and was awarded the Gamble Prize for Mathematics by Girton College for an essay On infinite derivates in 1915.[1] This work was stimulated by developments in microscopy that allowed real molecular motion to be viewed. Her work between 1914-16 on relationships between derivatives of an arbitrary function contributed to the Denjoy-Young-Saks theorem.

They also wrote an elementary geometry book (The First Book of Geometry, 1905) which was translated into 4 languages. In 1906 the Youngs published The Theory of Sets of Points, the first textbook on set theory.[2]

Personal life
Chisholm married William Henry Young in 1896, the year after she received her Ph.D. from Göttingen. He had been her tutor for one term at Cambridge and they had become friends after he was one of the people that she sent a copy of her doctoral thesis. He suggested collaboration in a publication about astronomy but they did not pursue this.[2] They had six children within nine years.

In addition to her career as a pioneering woman in what was then a discipline with significant barriers to entry, she completed all the requirements for a medical degree except the internship. She also learned six languages and taught each of her children a musical instrument. In addition, she published two books for children (Bimbo:A Little Real Story for Jill and Molly (1905) and Bimbo and the Frogs: Another Real Story (1907)). The former was aimed to explain where babies came from to children while the latter was about cells.[2] In 1929 she started a historical novel The Crown of England set in the sixteenth century. She worked on this for five years but it was never published.[1]

With the approach of World War II, she left Switzerland in 1940 to take two of her grandchildren to England. She planned to return immediately, but because of the fall of France, she could not. This left William alone, and he died two years later in 1942. Two years after that, Grace Chisholm Young died of a heart attack.[2]

Of their six children, three continued on to study mathematics (including Laurence Chisholm Young and Cecilia Rosalind Tanner), one daughter (Janet) became a physician, and one son (Patrick) became a chemist and pursued a career in finance and business. Their eldest son (Frank) was killed in World War I and his death had a profound effect on his parents, reducing their mathematical creativity.[1] One of Grace’s fourteen grandchildren, Sylvia Wiegand (daughter of Laurence), is a mathematician at the University of Nebraska and is a past president of the Association for Women in Mathematics.

Legacy
In 1996 Sylvia Wiegand and her husband Roger established a fellowship for graduate student research at the University of Nebraska in honor of Grace Chisholm Young and William Henry Young, called the Grace Chisholm Young and William Henry Young Award.[6] Sylvia is one of Grace’s fourteen grandchildren.
 
 

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Why you should care
Robocalls are rising sharply in the U.S., and there’s no disconnect in sight.

So, what can be done to stop it? “Illegal robocalls and malicious caller ID spoofing are massive problems facing American consumers and businesses.” says Will Wiquist, a spokesman for the FCC, who says the calls are “the FCC’s top consumer protection priority.” Some solutions that the FCC has launched are improved call-blocking rules for phone companies, more reliable call authentication technology and major fines against call spoofers. In 2018, the FCC fined a Florida man $120 million after he made more than 100 million robocalls during one three-month period in 2016. There are also several free robocall-blocking apps, such as Hiya, Robokiller and Truecaller, which use databases containing known scam numbers to filter incoming calls.
 
 
 
 
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One bullet each.
By Andrew Blankstein and David K. Li: Mom of slain 9-year-old girl found in bag on hiking trail faces charges Taquesta Graham was extradited from Texas to California in connection with the slaying of her daughter, Trinity Love Jones.

Graham’s boyfriend, Emiel Lamar Hunt, 38, has already been booked on suspicion of murder and is now being held in lieu of a $2 million bail inside a downtown Los Angeles jail, sheriff’s deputies said.
 
 
 
 
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FYI March 14, 2019

On This Day

 
 
1903 – Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge is established by US President Theodore Roosevelt.
Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge is a United States National Wildlife Refuge (NWR), and part of the Everglades Headwaters NWR complex, located just off the western coast of Orchid Island in the Indian River Lagoon east of Sebastian, Florida. The refuge consists of a 3-acre (12,000 m2) island that includes an additional 2.5 acres (10,000 m2) of surrounding water and is located off the east coast of Florida of the Indian River Lagoon. Established by an executive order of President Theodore Roosevelt on March 14, 1903, Pelican Island was the first National wildlife refuge in the United States.[2] It was created to protect egrets and other birds from extinction through plume hunting.

Read more ->

 
 

Born On This Day

 
 
1868 – Emily Murphy, Canadian jurist, author, and activist (d. 1933)
Emily Murphy (born Emily Gowan Ferguson; 14 March 1868 – 27 October 1933)[1] was a Canadian women’s rights activist, jurist, and author. In 1916, she became the first female magistrate in Canada, and in the British Empire. She is best known for her contributions to Canadian feminism, specifically to the question of whether women were “persons” under Canadian law.

Murphy is known as one of “The Famous Five” (also called “The Valiant Five”)[2]—a group of Canadian women’s rights activists that also included Henrietta Muir Edwards, Nellie McClung, Louise McKinney and Irene Parlby. In 1927, the women launched the “Persons Case,” contending that women could be “qualified persons” eligible to sit in the Senate. The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that they were not. However, upon appeal to the Judicial Committee of the British Privy Council, the court of last resort for Canada at that time, the women won their case.[3]

However, there has been some criticism of her later work, mainly for her role in the Sexual Sterilization Act of Alberta and her allegations that a ring of immigrants from other countries, particularly China, would corrupt the white race by getting Canadians hooked on drugs.[4] In her book The Black Candle, she wrote: “It is hardly credible that the average Chinese peddler has any definite idea in his mind of bringing about the downfall of the white race, his swaying motive being probably that of greed, but in the hands of his superiors, he may become a powerful instrument to that end.”[5]

Read more ->

 
 

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On the way out of the offices, the honorary mayor defecated on the floor — leaving clean-up to the police chief and other attendees.
 
 
 
 
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FYI March 13, 2019

On This Day

 
 
1567 – The Battle of Oosterweel, traditionally regarded as the start of the Eighty Years’ War, commences.
The Battle of Oosterweel took place on 13 March 1567 near the village of Oosterweel, north of Antwerp, and is traditionally seen as the beginning[1] of the Eighty Years’ War. A Spanish infantry division under General Beauvoir defeated an army of radical Calvinists rebels under Jan de Marnix. The prisoners were considered rebels and executed. William the Silent, the Burggraaf of Antwerp, did not allow the Protestants of the city to participate in the battle because he was, as lord of the city, bound by oath to support the Spanish Hapsburg King.

 
 

Born On This Day

 
 
1908 – Myrtle Bachelder, American chemist and Women’s Army Corps officer (d. 1997)
Myrtle Claire Bachelder (March 13, 1908 – May 22, 1997) was an American chemist and Women’s Army Corps officer, who is noted for her secret work on the Manhattan Project atomic bomb program, and for the development of techniques in the chemistry of metals.

Early life and career

Myrtle C. Bachelder was born on March 13, 1908, in Orange, Massachusetts. She earned a bachelor of science degree from Middlebury College in 1930, and became a high school science teacher and athletics coach in South Hadley Falls, Massachusetts. She received her master of education degree from Boston University.[1][2][3]

World War II: the atomic bomb
During World War II, Bachelder enlisted in the Women’s Army Corps (WAC) in November 1942, at the Springfield, Massachusetts headquarters. After spending time in training at military bases in several U.S. states, she received orders assigning her to the Company ‘D’ WAC Detachment of the Manhattan District, United States Army Corps of Engineers. Her secret assignment was to lead a group of 15 to 20 women from the WAC, stationed in Des Moines, Iowa, to Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and from there to Santa Fe, New Mexico. She and the women under her command arrived at Los Alamos, New Mexico on October 21, 1943.[1][4]

“Manhattan” was the code name for the special military division dedicated to developing an atomic weapon. In the clandestine laboratory at the remote Los Alamos desert site, Bachelder was responsible for the analysis of the spectroscopy of uranium isotopes. Since the uranium-235 isotope is fissile, whereas the uranium-238 isotope is not, Bachelder’s role in the project was a crucial task: to ensure the purity of the sub-critical material, and therefore the nuclear explosion, of the world’s first atomic bombs.[4]

These methods were used during the preparation of plutonium-239, the fissile material used in the construction of the atomic bomb for the Trinity nuclear test, on July 16, 1945. Analogous methods were used for the uranium weapon, code-named “Little Boy”, which destroyed Hiroshima, Japan on August 6, 1945, and for the plutonium bomb which destroyed Nagasaki, Japan on August 9, 1945, leading to the Japanese surrender. The secret program was under the general direction of J. Robert Oppenheimer, whom Bachelder described as:

A “pencil and paper man”, immersed in physics theory, who was more than a little amazed by the Los Alamos lab machinery. Bachelder recalled Oppenheimer standing in front of her lab’s most important and expensive instrument punching buttons at random … He asked “What does this do?” Then he’d punch another button … He might have wrecked the machine if he hadn’t finally been persuaded to leave it alone.[5]

Contribution to post-war developments in nuclear energy
The conclusion of the Second World War was also the dawning of a new “Atomic Age”, in which the peacetime potential of nuclear energy began to be explored. Bachelder was among the scientists who opposed the May-Johnson Bill of October 1945, a Congressional bill proposed by the Interim Committee, which would have maintained military control over nuclear research. The bill was defeated in Congress and superseded by the McMahon Atomic Energy Act. In January 1947, the newly formed Atomic Energy Commission approved the declassification of 270 previously secret documents. These included discoveries related to X-radiation and purification of uranium ores, which had been made by Bachelder during the course of the war effort. At this time, the rarity and importance of Bachelder’s achievements as a woman in science were also acknowledged.[6][7]

Scientific research and later career
After leaving the Army, Bachelder became a research chemist at the University of Chicago, where the first self-sustaining nuclear reaction had been achieved in 1942. Nobel Laureate James Franck had been Director of the Chemistry Division of the Metallurgical Laboratory during the earlier phases of the Manhattan Project. Bachelder joined the University’s Institute for the Study of Metals (renamed as the James Franck Institute in 1967), and she conducted further research in metallochemistry.[8][9][10]

Among other achievements, Bachelder developed methods for the purification of the rare elements tellurium and indium.[8] Other aspects of her broad scientific expertise found application in the field of marine archaeology, when she determined the chemical composition of brass cannons found in the Aegean Sea on sunken ships.[9] She also made contributions to astrochemistry, when NASA asked her to analyze the chemistry of Moon rocks which had been collected from the Moon’s surface during the Apollo missions from 1969 to 1972.[2]

Bachelder retired from the Franck Institute in 1973, and was subsequently active as an official of the American Association of Retired Persons (AARP).[2] She died in Chicago on May 22, 1997.[3]

Reflections

Bachelder believed that her role in the development of the atomic bomb, and the subsequent use of atomic weapons against Japan, had been justified in order to end the Second World War and to avoid greater loss of life that would have been entailed in a U.S. land invasion and extended conflict with Japan. Later, during the period of the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, Bachelder stated that, although she supported nuclear arms control:

Opponents of nuclear weapons should resist the urge to take the 1940s bomb-building effort out of its proper historical context — “One cannot pull that activity out of that time, set it down in the 1980s, and pass judgement.”[5]
 
 

FYI

 
 
By Alex Greenberger: John Richardson, Friend and Biographer of Picasso, Has Died at 95

Sir John Patrick Richardson, KBE, FBA (6 February 1924 – 12 March 2019) was a British art historian and Picasso biographer. Richardson also worked as an industrial designer and as a reviewer for The New Observer. In 1952, he moved to Provence, where he became friends with Pablo Picasso, Ferdinand Léger and Nicholas de Staël. In 1960, he moved to New York and organized a nine-gallery Picasso retrospective. Christie’s then appointed him to open their U.S. office, which he ran for the next nine years. In 1973 he joined New York gallery M. Knoedler & Co., Inc., as vice president in charge of 19th- and 20th-century painting, and later became managing director of Artemis, a mutual fund specializing in works of art.

In 1980 he started devoting all his time to writing and working on his Picasso biography. He was also a contributor to The New Yorker and Vanity Fair. In 1993 Richardson was elected to the British Academy and in 1995 he was appointed Slade Professor of Fine Art at the University of Oxford. In 2011, Richardson was awarded France’s Ordre des Arts et des Lettres and in 2012 was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.

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By ALANNA DURKIN RICHER: Court reinstates late Aaron Hernandez’s murder conviction

Other high-profile Massachusetts criminals whose convictions have been erased after their deaths include John Salvi, who was convicted of killing two abortion clinic workers and wounding five other people during a shooting rampage in Brookline in 1994.

Roman Catholic priest John Geoghan, a key figure in the clergy sex abuse scandal that rocked the Boston archdiocese and spread across the globe, also had his child molestation conviction vacated after he was beaten to death in 2003 in his cell at the same Massachusetts maximum-security prison where Hernandez died.
 
 
 
 
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Nate Jackson played six years in the NFL and has written two books, Slow Getting Up and Fantasy Man. He co-founded Athletes for CARE, a non-profit that advocates for the health and wellness of athletes. He also co-hosts the Caveman Poet Society podcast with former NFL offensive lineman, Eben Britton. It is available on iTunes. He lives in L.A.
 
 
 
 
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In the early 2000s, Pearlman launched the careers of the Backstreet Boys and N*SYNC. He was also responsible for a Ponzi scheme that swindled 1,700 people out of $500 million. In 2008, he was sentenced to 25 years in prison, where he died in 2016.
 
 
 
 
BBC News: Brazil school shooting: São Paulo gunmen were former pupils
Two school employees and the owner of a nearby shop – from whom the attackers stole a car – also died.

The gunmen, aged 17 and 25, both killed themselves after the attack.
 
 
 
 
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By Michelle L. Price: Ex-priest defrocked for sex abuse found fatally shot in Nevada home
Capparelli, who was assigned to churches around New Jersey, was accused of groping and brutalizing teenage boys in the 1970s and 1980s and was defrocked in 1992, according to The Star-Ledger newspaper in Newark.

Capparelli later worked as a public school math teacher in the Newark School District but agreed to the revocation of his teaching licenses in 2011 after allegations against him emerged.

The Star-Ledger reported Capparelli also ran a website featuring young men wrestling in revealing bathing suits.

Richard Fitter, a New Jersey man who was among those who accused Capparelli of abuse, told the newspaper after learning of the former priest’s death that the world is safer without him.

“It’s karma,” Fitter said.
 
 
 
 
By Tom Huddleston Jr. The Web turns 30 today — this is the feedback its inventor got when he pitched the idea to his boss in 1989
Meanwhile, Berners-Lee himself has become fairly outspoken about the direction the web has taken in recent years. On Monday, he published a letter saying the web is no longer a “force for good” and laying out three “sources of dysfunction” on the modern internet. Those include malicious online behavior like government hacking and online bullying, as well as companies’ pursuit of advertising revenue that can result in the spread of misinformation and the exploitation of users’ personal information.
 
 
 
 
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Ideas

 
 
Mary @ Home is Where the Boat Is Hometalker Sherrills Ford, NC: Create a Blooming Cabbage for St. Patrick’s Day
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 
By Lena Abraham: Reuben Beer Cheese Nachos


 
 

 
 

FYI March 12, 2019

On This Day

 
 
1881 – Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world’s first black international football player and captain.
Andrew Watson (24 May 1856 – 8 March 1921) is widely considered to be the world’s first black person to play association football at international level.[2][3][4] He played three matches for Scotland between 1881 and 1882. Arthur Wharton was commonly thought to be Britain’s first black player, as he was the first black professional footballer and the first to play in the Football League, but Watson’s career predated him by over a decade.

Read more ->

 
 

Born On This Day

 
 
1475 – Luca Gaurico, Italian astrologer (d. 1558)
Luca Gaurico (in Latin, Lucas Gauricus) (Giffoni March 12, 1475 – March 6, 1558 in Rome) was an Italian astrologer, astronomer, astrological data collector[1] and mathematician. He was born to a poor family in the Kingdom of Naples, and studied judicial astrology, a subject he defended in his Oratio de Inventoribus et Astrologiae Laudibus (1508). Judicial astrology concerned the fate of man (astrologia judiciaria; mundane astrology) as influenced by the stars. His most famous work is the Tractatus Astrologicus.

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FYI

 
 

By Rob Quinn Newser Staff: One of the Most Recorded Musicians in History Is Dead Session drummer Hal Blaine played on scores of ’60s, ’70s hits

Hal Blaine (born Harold Simon Belsky; February 5, 1929 – March 11, 2019) was an American drummer and session musician. Blaine was one of the most recorded studio drummers in the history of the music industry, claiming over 35,000 sessions and 6,000 singles. His drumming is featured on 40 number 1 hits by a range of popular artists from the Byrds to Frank Sinatra, as well as on film and television soundtracks.

Born in Holyoke, Massachusetts, Blaine moved with his family to California in 1943. He began playing jazz and big band music before taking up session work, specialising in rock ‘n’ roll. He became one of the key players in Phil Spector’s de facto house band, later known as “The Wrecking Crew”, after Blaine’s 1990 memoirs of the group. His opening drum shots on the Ronettes’ single “Be My Baby” (1963) made the song instantly recognizable, and his defining work on it won him many accolades. His signature hit singles include the Beach Boys’ “Good Vibrations”, Simon and Garfunkel’s “Mrs. Robinson”, and the Byrds’ “Mr. Tambourine Man”.

He gradually reduced his workload from the 1980s onwards. In 2000, he was among the inaugural “sidemen” inductees to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, and in 2018 he received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.

Read more ->

By David Browne & Hank Shteamer: Drumming Great Hal Blaine: 5 Classic Performances
 
 
 
 

By Tessa Stuart: Georgia Lawmaker Proposes Requiring Permission for Viagra, Criminalizing Vasectomies Rep. Dar’shun Kendrick’s bill, a rebuke to HB 481, would also potentially make sex without a condom “aggravated assault”
Kendrick, who represents Metro-Atlanta’s 93rd district, has been a vocal opponent of the bill. Over the six years she has served in the Georgia House, she has watched the erosion of reproductive rights in real time. “In 2012, we had a bill that took [the cut-off to seek an abortion] from 26 weeks down to 20 weeks, and I knew that as soon as a Republican president got in office and was able to make Supreme Court nominations, that this was the direction we were headed,” she says.

As a member of the minority party in the House, all Kendrick can do to register her disapproval — above voting against the measure, as she did last week — is put forward her own bill in an effort to highlight the absurd double standard Georgia’s women, and perhaps all American women before too long, are being held to.
 
 
 
 
By KRISTV.com: Calallen teen credits IHOP’s Free Pancake Day with saving his life
 
 
 
 
The Washington Post: A baby was found frozen in a ditch in SD 38 years ago, now police have arrested a woman they say is his mother
In the immediate aftermath of the baby’s death, the community mourned him as if he were its own child, the Argus Leader reported in 1981. They gave him a name, Andrew John Doe. They gave him a funeral and a casket, decorated with carnations and a pin on his pajamas that said “You are loved.” They even gave him toys, a stuffed black poodle and a tiny teddy bear, which would be buried with the child at a ceremony attended by dozens, including Litz.
 
 
 
 
By Knight Center: Learn how to identify and verify what you see on the web: Sign up for free online course ‘Navigating Misinformation’
 
 
 
 
The Passive Voice: Contract Cheating; Feminism and Copyright Revisited; Elizabeth Mccracken: ‘Creative Writing Is Not like Making a Souffle’ and more ->
 
 
 
 
Today’s email was written by Rosie Spinks and Jessanne Collins, edited by Whet Moser, and produced by Luiz Romero. Quartz Obsession Celery: Stalking the history of a forgotten status symbol
 
 
 
 
Open Culture: A Stunning Live Concert Film of Queen Performing in Montreal, Digitally Restored to Perfection (1981) and more ->
 
 
 
 
By Mindy Weisberger, Senior Writer: This Octopus’s Dreams (Maybe) Were Written All Over Its Body
 
 
 
 
The Rural Blog: Rural Indiana residents less likely than urbanites to use electronic medical records; lack of broadband one reason; Johnson & Johnson targeted by Oklahoma attorney general in lawsuit seeking damages from the opioid epidemic; Rural nonprofits roll out free smartphone app to help create a national, crowdsourced map of rural internet connectivity; Permian Basin is fueling continued rise in U.S. oil exports, set to overtake Saudi Arabia’s by end of 2019 and more ->
 
 
 
 
Sierra Club Alaska Chapter: March, 2019
 
 
 
 
By MessyNessy 13 Things I Found on the Internet Today (Vol. CCCXLIV): This Art Nouveau Sleeping Beauty in Cairo, Egypt; The Peak of Sacred Mount Daisen in Japan; Animals Riding Animals (possibly the second-best website on the internet); The Honest Sewer Man who could have Stolen England’s Gold; LIFE Magazine photographs the Lindy Hop, 1943 and more ->
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 
Mona ~ Craft Klatch Hometalker Barrington, IL: Liquid Rainbow Resin Coaster DIY
 
 
The Vanderveen House: Melt and pour soap making for beginners
 
 
By Best of Hometalk: Top Magical Furniture Projects Using Unicorn Spit
 
 
By wannabemadsci: No-Sew Hand and Neck Warmers
 
 
By thenetdog: Parts Workbench
 
 
By livy_jjj: DIY Rainbow 3D Origami Pencil Holder
 
 
By SparkyGiraffe:Crochet Llama Hat!
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 
By dancingstar: White Chocolate Strawberry Pavlova Cookies


 
 

 
 

FYI March 10 & 11, 2019

On This Day

 
 
1762 – French Huguenot Jean Calas, who had been wrongly convicted of killing his son, dies after being tortured by authorities; the event inspired Voltaire to begin a campaign for religious tolerance and legal reform.
Jean Calas (1698 – March 10, 1762) was a merchant living in Toulouse, France, who was tried, tortured and executed for the murder of his son, despite his protestations of innocence. Calas was a Protestant in an officially Roman Catholic society. Doubts about his guilt were raised by opponents of the Catholic Church and he was exonerated in 1764. In France, he became a symbolic victim of religious intolerance, along with François-Jean de la Barre and Pierre-Paul Sirven.

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1702 – The Daily Courant, England’s first national daily newspaper is published for the first time.
The Daily Courant, initially published on 11 March 1702, was the first British daily newspaper. It was produced by Elizabeth Mallet at her premises next to the King’s Arms tavern at Fleet Bridge in London.[1] The newspaper consisted of a single page, with advertisements on the reverse side.[2] Mallet advertised that she intended to publish only foreign news and would not add any comments of her own, supposing her readers to have “sense enough to make reflections for themselves”.[3]

After only forty days Mallet sold The Daily Courant to Samuel Buckley, who moved it to premises in the area of Little Britain in London, at “the sign of the Dolphin”. Buckley later became the publisher of The Spectator.[4] The Daily Courant lasted until 1735, when it was merged with the Daily Gazetteer.[5]
 
 

Born On This Day

 
 
1628 – Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician and biologist (d. 1694)
Marcello Malpighi (10 March 1628 – 29 November 1694) was an Italian biologist and physician, who is referred to as the “Father of microscopical anatomy, histology, physiology and embryology”. Malpighi’s name is born by several physiological features related to the biological excretory system, such as the Malpighian corpuscles and Malpighian pyramids of the kidneys and the Malpighian tubule system of insects. The splenic lymphoid nodules are often called the “Malpighian bodies of the spleen” or Malpighian corpuscles. The botanical family Malpighiaceae is also named after him. He was the first person to see capillaries in animals, and he discovered the link between arteries and veins that had eluded William Harvey. Malpighi was one of the earliest people to observe red blood cells under a microscope, after Jan Swammerdam. His treatise De polypo cordis (1666) was important for understanding blood composition, as well as how blood clots. In it, Malpighi described how the form of a blood clot differed in the right against the left sides of the heart.[1]

The use of the microscope enabled Malpighi to discover that invertebrates do not use lungs to breathe, but small holes in their skin called tracheae.[2] Malpighi also studied the anatomy of the brain and concluded this organ is a gland. In terms of modern endocrinology, this deduction is correct because the hypothalamus of the brain has long been recognized for its hormone-secreting capacity.[3]

Because Malpighi had a wide knowledge of both plants and animals, he made contributions to the scientific study of both. The Royal Society of London published two volumes of his botanical and zoological works in 1675 and 1679. Another edition followed in 1687, and a supplementary volume in 1697. In his autobiography, Malpighi speaks of his Anatome Plantarum, decorated with the engravings of Robert White, as “the most elegant format in the whole literate world.”[4]

His study of plants led him to conclude that plants had tubules similar to those he saw in insects like the silk worm (using his microscope, he probably saw the stomata, through which plants exchange carbon dioxide with oxygen). Malpighi observed that when a ring-like portion of bark was removed on a trunk a swelling occurred in the tissues above the ring, and he correctly interpreted this as growth stimulated by food coming down from the leaves, and being blocked above the ring. [5]

Read more ->
 
 
1854 – Jane Meade Welch, American journalist and lecturer (d. 1931)
Jane Meade Welch (March 11, 1854 – September 30, 1931) was a 19th-century American journalist and historian who lectured and wrote on American history. She was the first woman in Buffalo, from New York to become a professional journalist, the first American woman to lecture at Cambridge University, and the first American woman whose work was accepted by the British Association. Welch was a pioneer among American women in developing an extensive group of American history lecture courses.

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FYI

 
 

Soap Legend & ‘90210’ Star Jed Allan Dead at 84

Jed Allan (born Jed Allan Brown; March 1, 1935 – March 9, 2019[1]) was an American actor and television host, best known as C.C. Capwell on Santa Barbara, Don Craig on Days of Our Lives, Rush Sanders on Beverly Hills, 90210, Scott Turner on Lassie, Harold Johnson on The Bay, and the host of Celebrity Bowling.[2]

Read more ->
 
 
 
 
Atlas Obscura: How one artist is capturing America’s lost river communities aboard a shantyboat; Museum of Copies; Sculpture Trail and more ->
 
 
 
 
Alaska Institute Ashley R.: Managing Depression and which path to take
 
 
 
 
WSAZ News Channel: After 5-year-old locks himself in cooler, Igloo issues recall
The products under recall are the 54-quart (item #00049374), 72-quart (item #00049375), 94-quart (item #00049574) and 110-quart (item #00034108) Igloo Marine Elite coolers. The recall concerns only those coolers with stainless-steel ability to lock latches.

Customers can also replace the latches on their coolers with a free latch-replacement kit. Igloo is working to send the kits out, but if you haven’t received one, you can call the company toll free at 1(888)-257-0934.
 
 
 
 
By Christine Cube Blog Profiles: Food & Recipe Blogs
 
 
 
 
IHOP: We’re celebrating with a FREE short stack of Buttermilk Pancakes on March 12, 2019, from 7 am to 7 pm, with select locations until 10 pm. Dine-in only. One free short stack per guest.
 
 
 
 
By jomatami: Duff McKagan Reveals How Much Money He Made From First GN’R Check, Explains Why He Went Back to School to Study Finance
“Publishing is a thing young musicians don’t know anything about – because it means nothing to you,” the bassist says.
 
 
 
 
By Erika Owens: Event Roundup, March 11 Upcoming journalism code events and deadlines
 
 
 
 
Open Culture: Bill Murray Explains How a 19th-Century Painting Saved His Life; The Amazing Franz Kafka Workout!: Discover the 15-Minute Exercise Routine That Swept the World in 1904; Alan Watts Presents a 15-Minute Guided Meditation: A Time-Tested Way to Stop Thinking About Thinking and more ->
 
 
 
 
State of Newspapers: SPLC: Newspapers stolen after story about former Catholic university professor accused of child abuse by diocese and more ->
 
 
 
 

The Rural Blog: About one rural hospital a month has closed since 2010; independent hospitals at highest risk of closure; Manufacturers oppose clean water bill passed by W.Va. House, said West Virginians are fatter and harder to poison; AP uses paper GateHouse closed as example of troubles of local journalism, but says ‘This isn’t a hopeless story’; As digital challenge increases for journalism, paymasters must adapt, be reliable and relevant, and be true to values and more ->
 
 
 
 
By Paul Chisholm: ’Does Your Knee Make More Of A Click Or A Clack?’ — Teaching ‘Car Talk’ To New Docs
 
 
 
 
By Georgina Pearce: The girl who was never meant to survive
 
 
 
 
By Edwin L. Battistella: Where did the phrase “yeah no” come from? Sorry About That: The Language of Public Apology
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 
By In The Kitchen With Matt: Brigadeiro Brazilian Chocolate Treat (3 Ingredients)
 
 
By loranditsum: How to Make … Aloo Paratha


 
 

 
 

FYI March 08 & 09, 2019

On This Day

 
 
1782 – Gnadenhutten massacre: Ninety-six Native Americans in Gnadenhutten, Ohio, who had converted to Christianity, are killed by Pennsylvania militiamen in retaliation for raids carried out by other Indian tribes.

The Gnadenhutten massacre, also known as the Moravian massacre, was the killing of 96 Christian Delaware by colonial White American militia from Pennsylvania on March 8, 1782 at the Moravian missionary village of Gnadenhutten, Ohio during the American Revolutionary War.[2] More than a century later, President Theodore Roosevelt would call the massacre “a stain on the frontier character that time cannot wash away”.[3]

The site of the village has been preserved. A reconstructed mission house and cooper’s house were built there, and a monument to the dead was erected and dedicated a century later.[4] The burial mound is marked and has been maintained on the site. The village site has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Read more ->

 
 
 
 
1910 – French aviator Raymonde de Laroche becomes the first woman to receive a pilot’s license.
Raymonde de Laroche (22 August 1882 – 18 July 1919), born Elise Raymonde Deroche, was a French pilot and the first woman in the world to receive an aeroplane pilot’s licence.
Early life

Born on 22 August 1882 in Paris, Raymonde Deroche was the daughter of a plumber. She had a fondness for sports as a child, as well as for motorcycles and automobiles when she was older. As a young woman she became an actress and used the stage name “Raymonde de Laroche”. Inspired by Wilbur Wright’s 1908 demonstrations of powered flight in Paris and being personally acquainted with several aviators, including artist-turned-aviator Léon Delagrange, who was reputed to be the father of her son André, de Laroche determined to take up flying for herself.[1]:9–10

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1917 – International Women’s Day
International Women’s Day (IWD) is celebrated on March 8 every year.[3] It is a focal point in the movement for women’s rights.

After the Socialist Party of America organized a Women’s Day on February 28, 1909, in New York, the 1910 International Socialist Woman’s Conference suggested a Women’s Day be held annually. After women gained suffrage in Soviet Russia in 1917, March 8 became a national holiday there. The day was then predominantly celebrated by the socialist movement and communist countries until it was adopted in 1975 by the United Nations.

Today, International Women’s Day is a public holiday in some countries and largely ignored elsewhere.[4] In some places, it is a day of protest; in others, it is a day that celebrates womanhood.

Read more ->
 
 
 
 
1776 – The Wealth of Nations by Scottish economist and philosopher Adam Smith is published.
An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, generally referred to by its shortened title The Wealth of Nations, is the magnum opus of the Scottish economist and moral philosopher Adam Smith. First published in 1776, the book offers one of the world’s first collected descriptions of what builds nations’ wealth, and is today a fundamental work in classical economics. By reflecting upon the economics at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the book touches upon such broad topics as the division of labour, productivity, and free markets.[1]

Read more ->

 

Born On This Day

 
 
1900 – Howard H. Aiken, American physicist and computer scientist, created the Harvard Mark I (d. 1973)
Howard Hathaway Aiken (March 8, 1900 – March 14, 1973) was an American physicist and a pioneer in computing, being the original conceptual designer behind IBM’s Harvard Mark I computer.[2]

Biography
Aiken studied at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and later obtained his Ph.D. in physics at Harvard University in 1939.[3][4] During this time, he encountered differential equations that he could only solve numerically. Inspired by Charles Babbage’s difference engine, he envisioned an electro-mechanical computing device that could do much of the tedious work for him. This computer was originally called the ASCC (Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator) and later renamed Harvard Mark I. With engineering, construction, and funding from IBM, the machine was completed and installed at Harvard in February, 1944.[5] Richard Milton Bloch, Robert Campbell and Grace Hopper joined the project later as programmers.[6] In 1947, Aiken completed his work on the Harvard Mark II computer. He continued his work on the Mark III and the Harvard Mark IV. The Mark III used some electronic components and the Mark IV was all-electronic. The Mark III and Mark IV used magnetic drum memory and the Mark IV also had magnetic core memory.

Aiken accumulated honorary degrees at the University of Wisconsin, Wayne State[which?] and Technische Hochschule, Darmstadt. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1947.[7] He received the University of Wisconsin–Madison College of Engineering Engineers Day Award in 1958, the Harry H. Goode Memorial Award in 1964, the John Price Wetherill Medal in 1964, and the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) Edison Medal in 1970 “For a meritorious career of pioneering contributions to the development and application of large-scale digital computers and important contributions to education in the digital computer field.”

In addition to his work on the Mark series, another important contribution of Aiken’s was the introduction of a master’s program for computer science at Harvard in 1947,[8] nearly a decade before the programs began to appear in other universities. This became a starting ground to future computer scientists, many of whom did doctoral dissertations under Aiken.

Personal life

Howard Aiken was married three times: to Louise Mancill, later to Agnes Montgomery, and lastly to Mary McFarland. He had two children; Rachel Ann by his first wife, Elizabeth (Betsy) by his second.

Howard Aiken was also a Commander in the United States Navy Reserve.[5]

After he retired at age 60 to Fort Lauderdale, Florida, Aiken continued his contributions to technology. He founded Howard Aiken Industries Incorporated, which was a consulting firm that helped failing businesses recover. During his years in Florida, he joined the University of Miami as a Distinguished Professor of Information. In addition, Aiken became a consultant for companies such as Lockheed Martin and Monsanto. On March 14, 1973, Aiken died during a consulting trip to St. Louis, Missouri .[9] His widow, Mary, died in 2013.

Harvard Mark I
The IBM Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (ASCC), called Mark I by Harvard University’s staff,[1] was a general purpose electromechanical computer that was used in the war effort during the last part of World War II.

One of the first programs to run on the Mark I was initiated on 29 March 1944[2] by John von Neumann. At that time, von Neumann was working on the Manhattan project, and needed to determine whether implosion was a viable choice to detonate the atomic bomb that would be used a year later. The Mark I also computed and printed mathematical tables, which had been the initial goal of British inventor Charles Babbage for his “analytical engine”.

The Mark I was disassembled in 1959, but portions of it are displayed in the Science Center as part of the Harvard Collection of Historical Scientific Instruments. Other sections of the original machine were transferred to IBM and the Smithsonian Institution.

Read more ->
 
 
 
 
1892 – Vita Sackville-West, English author, poet, and gardener (d. 1962)
Victoria Mary Sackville-West, Lady Nicolson, CH (9 March 1892 – 2 June 1962), usually known as Vita Sackville-West, was an English poet, novelist, and garden designer.

She was a successful novelist, poet, and journalist, as well as a prolific letter writer and diarist. She published more than a dozen collections of poetry during her lifetime and 13 novels. She was twice awarded the Hawthornden Prize for Imaginative Literature: in 1927 for her pastoral epic, The Land, and in 1933 for her Collected Poems. She was the inspiration for the androgynous protagonist of Orlando: A Biography, by her famous friend and lover, Virginia Woolf.

She had a longstanding column in The Observer (1946-1961) and is remembered for the celebrated garden at Sissinghurst created with her husband, Sir Harold Nicolson.

Read more ->
 
 

FYI

 
 

The Rural Blog: Ewell Balltrip, a civic leader who published daily papers in challenging circumstances the heart of Appalachia, passes; Sunshine Week starts Sunday; is your newsroom on board?; Quick hits: Rural boxing gym puts up fight; hazelnut trees touted for ecology; can midwives replace lost hospitals? And more ->
 
 
 
 
By Associated Press: Japanese Woman Honored by Guinness as Oldest Person at 116
 
 
 
 
By CBT Staff: The Women of Cannabis Conference 2019
 
 
 
 
By David Bauder and David A. Lieb: Town by town, local journalism is dying in plain sight
 
 
 
 
By Theo Leggett: Geneva Motor Show: What’s the quirkiest car on display?
 
 
 
 
YouTube Blog: International Women’s Day at YouTube
 
 
 
 
By Vandana Bellur Google Local Guide: How I started traveling the world on my own, thanks to GoogleOpen Culture: The Cringe-Inducing Humor of The Office Explained with Philosophical Theories of Mind; Artificial Intelligence Identifies the Six Main Arcs in Storytelling: Welcome to the Brave New World of Literary Criticism; Here’s John Steinbeck Asking Marilyn Monroe for Her Autograph (1955)
 
 
 
 

Ideas

 
 
Cari @ Everything Pretty: Homemade Insect Repellent Spray Recipe With Essential Oils
 
 
Rob & Courtney M, Hometalk Team Rob & Courtney M, Hometalk Team Hometalker Brooklyn, NY: Stain Remover Made From Household Items
 
 
Kelly-n-Tony Hometalk Helper: Cleaning the Tub Without Breaking Your Back
 
 
Kelleysdiy Hometalker Palm Springs, CA: Nail Polish Flowerpot
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 
My Recipe Treasures: Mint Brownies & Garlic Parmesan Mac and Cheese


 
 

 
 

FYI March 07, 2019

On This Day

 
 
1850 – Senator Daniel Webster gives his “Seventh of March” speech endorsing the Compromise of 1850 in order to prevent a possible civil war.
The Compromise of 1850 was a package of five separate bills passed by the United States Congress in September 1850, which defused a four-year political confrontation between slave and free states on the status of territories acquired during the Mexican–American War (1846–1848). The compromise, drafted by Whig Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky and brokered by Clay and Democratic Senator Stephen Douglas of Illinois, reduced sectional conflict, although controversy eventually arose over the Fugitive Slave provision. Although the compromise was greeted with relief, each side disapproved of some of its specific provisions:

Texas surrendered its claim to New Mexico as well as its claims north of 36°30′. It retained the Texas Panhandle, and the federal government took over the state’s public debt.
California was admitted as a free state, with its current boundaries.
The South prevented the adoption of the Wilmot Proviso, which would have outlawed slavery in the new territories.[1] The new Utah Territory and New Mexico Territory were allowed, under popular sovereignty, to decide whether to allow slavery within their borders. In practice, these lands were generally unsuited to plantation agriculture, and their settlers were uninterested in slavery.
The slave trade, but not the institution of slavery, was banned in the District of Columbia.
A more stringent Fugitive Slave Law was enacted, requiring law enforcement in free states to support the capture and return of fugitive slaves, and increasing penalties against people who tried to evade the law.

The Compromise became possible after the sudden death of President Zachary Taylor. Although a slave owner, he had wanted to exclude slavery from the Southwest. Whig leader Henry Clay designed a compromise, which failed to pass in early 1850 because of opposition by both pro-slavery southern Democrats, led by John C. Calhoun, and anti-slavery northern Whigs. Upon Clay’s instruction, Stephen Douglas divided Clay’s bill into several smaller pieces and narrowly won their passage, over the opposition of radicals on both sides.

Read more ->

 
 

Born On This Day

 
 
1788 – Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist and biochemist (d. 1878)
Antoine César Becquerel (7 March 1788 – 18 January 1878) was a French scientist and a pioneer in the study of electric and luminescent phenomena.

Life

He was born at Châtillon-sur-Loing (today Châtillon-Coligny). After passing through the École polytechnique he became engineer-officer in 1808, and saw active service with the imperial troops in Spain from 1810 to 1812, and again in France in 1814. He then resigned from the army and devoted the rest of his life to scientific investigation.[1]

In 1820, following the work of René Just Haüy, he found that pressure can induce electricity in every material, attributing the effect to surface interactions (this is not piezoelectricity). In 1825 he invented a differential galvanometer for the accurate measurement of electrical resistance. In 1829 he invented a constant-current electrochemical cell, the forerunner of the Daniell cell. In 1839, working with his son A. E. Becquerel, he discovered the photovoltaic effect on an electrode immersed in a conductive liquid.[citation needed]

His earliest work was mineralogical in character, but he soon turned his attention to the study of electricity and especially of electrochemistry. In 1837 he became a Fellow of the Royal Society, and received its Copley Medal for his various memoirs on electricity, and particularly for those on the production of metallic sulphurets and sulphur by electrolysis. He was the first to prepare metallic elements from their ores by this method. It was hoped that this would lead to increased knowledge of the recomposition of crystallized bodies, and the processes which may have been employed by nature in the production of such bodies in the mineral kingdom.[1]

In biochemistry he worked at the problems of animal heat and at the phenomena accompanying the growth of plants, and he also devoted much time to meteorological questions and observations. He was a prolific writer, his books including Traité de l’électricité et du magnétisme (1834–1840), Traité de physique dans ses rapports avec la chimie (1842), Elements de électro-chimie (1843), Traité complet du magnétisme (1845), Elements de physique terrestre et de meteorologié (1847), and Des climats et de l’influence qu’exercent les sols boisés et non boisés (1853). He died in Paris, where from 1837 he had been professor of physics at the Museum d’Histoire Naturelle.[1]

He became a correspondent of the Royal Institute in 1836, when that became the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1851, he became a foreign member.[2]

He was the father of the physicist A. E. Becquerel and grandfather of the physicist Henri Becquerel. His name is one of the 72 names inscribed on the Eiffel Tower.

 
 

FYI

 
 
Atlas Obscura: The spellbinding Swedish song that calls cows home; Favorite Tavern Signs; CAPE REINGA, NEW ZEALAND End of the World and more ->
 
 
 
 
By Hannah Blick: From the Editor: Keep an eye on the Woodmen Edition online
 
 
 
 
By Associated Press: Holocaust survivor who is stepsister of Anne Frank to meet teens from swastika party photo The students were photographed gleefully giving Nazi salutes around a swastika formed by drinking cups during a party.
 
 
 
 
The Rural Blog: One reason fewer rural high school graduates go to college: Colleges don’t recruit them, but that’s changing; Retiring rural school superintendents leave big shoes to fill; Site Selection announces 2018’s top micropolitan areas; Palestine Herald-Press in Texas wins Scripps Howard Award for opinion with ‘What Are They Hiding?’ package and more ->
 
 
 
 
Open Culture: Hear Patti Smith’s New Work With The Soundwalk Collective, a Tribute to the Avant-Garde Poet Antonin Artaud; “Stay Free: The Story of the Clash” Narrated by Public Enemy’s Chuck D: A New Spotify Podcast; Sleep or Die: Neuroscientist Matthew Walker Explains How Sleep Can Restore or Imperil Our Health and more ->
 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Ideas

 
 
By Gus the Maker: 3D Push Block for Woodworking
 
 
By tonyhill: You Too Can Make an Anvil
 
 
By gm310509: Motion Activated Automatic LED Stair Lighting With Arduino
 
 
By emilygraceking: Hanging Planters From Old T-Shirts
 
 
By Stylite: Digital Fireplace
 
 
By Brooklyntonia: Snuggly Heating Pad
 
 
By cdstudioNH: Toasty Toes – Insulated Foot Mat
 
 


 
 

 
 

Recipes

 
 
By acoens: Chocolate Dipped Orange Peel – Orangette


 
 

 
 

FYI March 06, 2019

On This Day

 
 
1665 – The first joint Secretary of the Royal Society, Henry Oldenburg, publishes the first issue of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, the world’s longest-running scientific journal.
Philosophical Transactions, titled Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (often abbreviated as Phil. Trans.) from 1776, is a scientific journal published by the Royal Society. In its earliest days, it was a private venture of the Royal Society’s secretary.[1][2] It became an official society publication in 1752.[3] It was established in 1665,[4] making it the first journal in the world exclusively devoted to science,[2] and therefore also the world’s longest-running scientific journal.[2] The use of the word philosophical in the title refers to natural philosophy, which was the equivalent of what would now be generally called science.
Current publication
In 1887 the journal expanded and divided into two separate publications, one serving the physical sciences (Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences) and the other focusing on the life sciences (Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences). Both journals now publish themed issues and issues resulting from papers presented at the Discussion Meetings of the Royal Society. Primary research articles are published in the sister journals Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biology Letters, Journal of the Royal Society Interface, and Interface Focus.

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Born On This Day

 
 
1780 – Lucy Barnes, American writer (d. 1809)[2]
Lucy Barnes (March 6, 1780 – August 29, 1809) was an 18th-century American writer. Her book The Female Christian may have been the first written by a woman in defense of Universalism.

Early years and education
Lucy Barnes, eldest daughter of Rev. Thomas Barnes, was born in Jaffrey, New Hampshire, March 6, 1780.[1] Her father was the first Universalist minister in Maine.[2]

When a child she was sweet in disposition, gentle in deportment, but very undemonstrative, unless an opportunity presented itself by which she could serve some one, or reconcile contending parties; “and then,” says the “Christian Intelligencer” of 1825, “she would wear a smile of complacency and satisfaction that was beautiful and heavenly.” Her opportunities for an education were very limited, but she was an omnivorous reader, and could repeat what she read as easily as most could repeat the chit-chat of an afternoon.[1]

Career
When she was 19 years old, Barnes made a profession of religious creed. At about that time, her father removed to Poland, Maine, at which place a frantic “reformation” was going on. She attended the meetings, and gave all the arguments and all the warnings a most careful and respectful consideration; “for,” she said, “if their explanations are correct, and this singular work is sanctioned by divine authority, I am perfectly willing and ready to embrace Methodism.” She was always interested in religious discussions, and read the Bible with great interest, but at this time, she read verse by verse, and conscientiously considered the import of every word. The more she read, the more clearly she saw the fallacy of the popular explanations, and the more truthful seemed the doctrine that she ever after lived by, and at last died believing.[1]

As soon as it was known that Barnes had openly proclaimed that she could not put bounds to the love of God, and announced her belief in Universalist doctrine, crowds visited her for the purpose of either driving or persuading her from that belief. Barnes had a peculiar aptitude for logical reasoning, and presented her points so persuasively, and in so amiable and loving a manner, that the most intelligent became convinced that her “weapons were not carnal but mighty,” and were generous enough to say she was a “real Christian,” even if she had embraced the awful doctrine of universal salvation. She was constantly trying to impress upon the young the principles of morality, and their duty to live Christian lives.[1]

Soon after her death some of her letters, dissertations and poems were collected and printed in a pamphlet of 71 pages, entitled The Female Christian. In the “Gospel Banner,” of 1858, there was a review of the pamphlet by Rev. John Wesley Hanson, then editor. This may have been the first book written by a woman in defense of Universalism. He said,—”The passages from the letters, verse and prose of the fair, frail hand that has for fifty years been cold can not fail to be read with interest.”[3]

The “Christian Intelligencer,” of 1825, of Portland, Maine, publisher of her father’s memoir state,—”Miss Barnes from infancy had in warm weather been sorely afflicted with asthma, but for several years before her death the complaint became more severe and alarming. Though the distress and pressure at the lungs were frequently so great that she seemed to be in the agonies of death, the first language she uttered would be intended to console and comfort her parents. Her individual hope in Christ, and her faith in the universal salvation, remained firm and unwavering to the last, and even in the dread struggles of expiring nature the smile of heavenly serenity was visible on her countenance, evincing a willingness to sleep in death, that she might rest in God.”[4]

With regard to her health, Barnes stated,—”It is very low indeed. I am not able to walk out of my room, nor to sit up but a few moments at a time, so that I have been many days in writing these lines; but although they are penned by a feeble hand, yet, through the grace of God, they proceed from a heart strong in faith, though on the verge of eternity.”[5]

A short quotation from the last written exhortation of Barnes, finished only the day before she died read,—”Let us, therefore, be humble, and endeavor to pursue the paths of peace, and to walk in the straight and narrow way. And whenever we discover any going on in vice and wickedness, and walking in the broad road in search of happiness, let us pity their weakness and folly, and mistaken ideas of bliss, and endeavor, if possible, to restore them in the spirit of meekness, “considering ourselves lest we also be tempted. For if we had their temptations, rue might perhaps do equally as bad or even worse than they. May every blessing attend you which can contribute in the least both to your temporal and spiritual welfare. May the God of peace be with you always; may you be patient in tribulation, remembering that whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth. and that these afflictions which are sent for our profit are but short, but the joys which will soon dawn upon us are of a duration.”[5]

It was said that though her style was not ornamented with the tinsel of rhetoric, it was enriched with the unstudied fervor, gravity, and resignation which would be requisite to a chapter of an inspired volume. She died August 29, 1809, at the age of 29. [5]

 
 

FYI

 
 
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By Elizabeth Landers and Zachary Cohen, CNN: Freshman GOP senator reveals she was sexually assaulted when she served in the military
 
 
 
 
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FYI March 05, 2019

On This Day

 
 
1046 – Nasir Khusraw begins the seven-year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book Safarnama.
Abu Mo’in Hamid ad-Din Nasir ibn Khusraw al-Qubadiani or Nāsir Khusraw Qubādiyānī Balkhi also spelled as Nasir Khusrow and Naser Khosrow (1004 – 1088 CE) (Persian: ناصر خسرو قبادیانی‎) was a Persian poet,[2] philosopher, Isma’ili scholar,[3][4] traveler and one of the greatest writers in Persian literature. He was born in Qabodiyon, (Qabādiyān), a village in Bactria in the ancient Greater Iranian province of Khorasan,[5][6] now in modern Tajikistan[7] and died in Yamagan, now Afghanistan.

He is considered one of the great poets and writers in Persian literature. The Safarnama, an account of his travels, is his most famous work and remains required reading in Iran even today.[8]

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Born On This Day

 
 
1512 – Gerardus Mercator, Flemish mathematician, cartographer, and philosopher (d. 1594)
Gerardus Mercator (/dʒɪˈrɑːrdəs mɜːrˈkeɪtər/;[1][2][3] 5 March 1512 – 2 December 1594)[4] was a 16th-century Southern Dutch (current day Belgium) cartographer, geographer and cosmographer. He was renowned for creating the 1569 world map based on a new projection which represented sailing courses of constant bearing (rhumb lines) as straight lines—an innovation that is still employed in nautical charts.

Mercator was one of the founders of the Netherlandish school of cartography and is widely considered as the most notable figure of the school in its golden age (approximately 1570s–1670s). In his own day he was the world’s most famous geographer but, in addition, he had interests in theology, philosophy, history, mathematics and geomagnetism as well as being an accomplished engraver, calligrapher and maker of globes and scientific instruments.

Unlike other great scholars of the age he travelled little and his knowledge of geography came from his library of over one thousand books and maps, from his visitors and from his vast correspondence (in six languages) with other scholars, statesmen, travellers, merchants and seamen. Mercator’s early maps were in large formats suitable for wall mounting but in the second half of his life he produced over 100 new regional maps in a smaller format suitable for binding into his Atlas of 1595. This was the first appearance of the word Atlas in a geographical context but Mercator used it as a neologism for a treatise (Cosmologia) on the creation, history and description of the universe, not simply a collection of maps. He chose the word as a commemoration of the Titan Atlas, “King of Mauretania”, whom he considered to be the first great geographer.

A large part of Mercator’s income came from the sales of his terrestrial and celestial globes. For sixty years they were considered to be the finest in the world, and they were sold in such great numbers that there are many surviving examples. This was a substantial enterprise involving making the spheres, printing the gores, building substantial stands, packing and distributing all over Europe. He was also renowned for his scientific instruments, particularly his astrolabes and astronomical rings used to study the geometry of astronomy and astrology.

Mercator wrote on geography, philosophy, chronology and theology. All of the wall maps were engraved with copious text on the region concerned. As an example the famous world map of 1569 is inscribed with over 5000 words in fifteen legends. The 1595 Atlas has about 120 pages of maps and illustrated title pages but a greater number of pages are devoted to his account of the creation of the universe and descriptions of all the countries portrayed. His table of chronology ran to some 400 pages fixing the dates (from the time of creation) of earthly dynasties, major political and military events, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and eclipses. He also wrote on the gospels and the old testament.

Mercator was a devout Christian born into a Catholic family at a time when Martin Luther’s Protestantism was gaining ground. He never declared himself as a Lutheran but he was clearly sympathetic and he was accused of heresy (Lutheranye). He spent six months in prison but he emerged unscathed. This period of persecution is probably the major factor in his move from Catholic Leuven (Louvain) to a more tolerant Duisburg where he lived for the last thirty years of his life. Walter Ghim, Mercator’s friend and first biographer, describes him as sober in his behaviour, yet cheerful and witty in company, and never more happy than in debate with other scholars, but above all he was pious and studious until his dying days.[5]

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FYI

 
 
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FYI March 04, 2019

On This Day

 
 
1790 – France is divided into 83 départements, cutting across the former provinces in an attempt to dislodge regional loyalties based on ownership of land by the nobility.
n the administrative divisions of France, the department (French: département, pronounced [depaʁt(ə)mɑ̃]) is one of the three levels of government below the national level (“territorial collectivities”), between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

Each department is administered by an elected body called a departmental council (conseil départemental (sing.), conseils départementaux (plur.)). From 1800 to April 2015, these were called general councils (conseil général (sing.), conseils généraux (plur.)).[1] Each council has a president. Their main areas of responsibility include the management of a number of social and welfare allowances, of junior high school (collège) buildings and technical staff, and local roads and school and rural buses, and a contribution to municipal infrastructures. Local services of the state administration are traditionally organised at departmental level, where the prefect represents the government; however, regions have gained importance in this regard since the 2000s, with some department-level services merged into region-level services.

The departments were created in 1790 as a rational replacement of Ancien Régime provinces with a view to strengthen national unity; the title “department” is used to mean a part of a larger whole. Almost all of them were named after physical geographical features (rivers, mountains, or coasts), rather than after historical or cultural territories which could have their own loyalties. The division of France into departments was a project particularly identified with the French revolutionary leader the Abbé Sieyès, although it had already been frequently discussed and written about by many politicians and thinkers. The earliest known suggestion of it is from 1764 in the writings of d’Argenson. They have inspired similar divisions in many countries, some of them former French colonies.

Most French departments are assigned a two-digit number, the “Official Geographical Code”, allocated by the Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques. Overseas departments have a three-digit number. The number is used, for example, in the postal code, and was until recently used for all vehicle registration plates. While residents commonly use the numbers to refer to their own department or a neighbouring one, more distant departments are generally referred to by their names, as few people know the numbers of all the departments. For example, inhabitants of Loiret might refer to their department as “the 45”.

In 2014, President François Hollande proposed to abolish departmental councils by 2020, which would have maintained the departments as administrative divisions, and to transfer their powers to other levels of governance. This reform project has since been abandoned.

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Born On This Day

 
 
1781 – Rebecca Gratz, American educator and philanthropist (d. 1869)
Rebecca Gratz (March 4, 1781 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania – August 27, 1869 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) was a preeminent Jewish American educator and philanthropist in 19th-century America.

Biography
Gratz was the seventh of twelve children born to Miriam Simon and Michael Gratz. Her mother was the daughter of Joseph Simon, a preeminent Jewish merchant of Lancaster, while her father immigrated to America in 1752 from Langendorf, in German-speaking Silesia.[1] Michael, who was descended from a long line of respected rabbis, and Miriam, were observant Jews and active members of Philadelphia’s first synagogue, Mikveh Israel.

In 1801, at the age of 20, Rebecca Gratz helped establish the Female Association for the Relief of Women and Children in Reduced Circumstances, which helped women whose families were suffering after the American Revolutionary War.[2] In 1815, after seeing the need for an institution for orphans in Philadelphia, she was among those instrumental in founding the Philadelphia Orphan Asylum.[1] Four years later, she was elected secretary of its Board. She continued to hold this office for forty years. Under Gratz’ auspices, a Hebrew Sunday School, the first of its kind in America, was started in 1838. Gratz became both its superintendent and president and assisted in developing its curriculum,[2] resigning in 1864.

Gratz was also one of the founding members of the Female Hebrew Benevolent Society, around November 1819. In 1850, she advocated in The Occident, over the signature A Daughter of Israel, the foundation of a Jewish foster home. Her advocacy was largely instrumental in the establishment of such a home in 1855.[2] Other organizations that came about due to her efforts were the Fuel Society and the Sewing Society.

Gratz is said to have been the model of Rebecca, the daughter of the Jewish merchant Isaac of York, who is the heroine in the novel Ivanhoe by Sir Walter Scott.[1] Scott’s attention had been drawn to Gratz’s character by Washington Irving, who was a close friend of the Gratz family.[3][4] The claim has been disputed, but it has also been well sustained in an article entitled “The Original of Rebecca in Ivanhoe”, which appeared in The Century Magazine, 1882, pp. 679–682.

Gratz never married. Among the marriage offers she received was one from a Gentile whom she loved but ultimately chose not to marry on account of her faith.

Her portrait was painted twice by the noted American artist Thomas Sully. One of those portraits (both are owned by the Rosenbach Museum) is on display at the National Museum of American Jewish History.[5]

Shortly after Rebecca Gratz died in 1869, her brother, Hyman, founded and financed Gratz College, a teachers’ college in Philadelphia, in her memory.

Gratz is buried at Mikveh Israel Cemetery in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

 
 

FYI

 
 

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Rep. Gary Palmer, R-Ala., also has spoken out against Muthana being allowed to return to America. She is reported to have left Alabama in 2015 to join ISIS.

“Those who betray the country and fight for ISIS have to suffer the consequences for their actions,” Palmer said in a statement to AL.com. “Secretary Pompeo has expressed that she has no legal basis to return to the U.S. and I agree with him. She forfeited the privileges of citizenship when she provided aid to radical extremists seeking to kill Americans.”
 
 
 
 
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By Dan Peleschuk: How an American Weightlifter Tore Down the Iron Curtain
Why you should care
Paul Anderson, at age 22, made Soviet audiences gasp as he smashed records before their eyes.

Paul Edward Anderson (October 17, 1932 – August 15, 1994) was an American weightlifter, strongman and powerlifter. He was an Olympic gold medalist and a World Champion and two-time National Champion in Olympic weightlifting. Anderson played a big part in the manifestation of powerlifting as a competitive sport.

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