- minion February 22, 2019Merriam-Webster's Word of the Day for February 22, 2019 is: minion \MIN-yun\ noun 1 : a servile dependent, follower, or underling 2 : one highly favored : idol 3 : a subordinate or petty official Examples: The senior executive has a small platoon of minions to run both personal and business errands for […]Merriam-Webster
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On This Day
1819 – By the Adams–Onís Treaty, Spain sells Florida to the United States for five million U.S. dollars.
The Adams–Onís Treaty of 1819, also known as the Transcontinental Treaty, the Florida Purchase Treaty, or the Florida Treaty, was a treaty between the United States and Spain in 1819 that ceded Florida to the U.S. and defined the boundary between the U.S. and New Spain. It settled a standing border dispute between the two countries and was considered a triumph of American diplomacy. It came in the midst of increasing tensions related to Spain’s territorial boundaries in North America against the United States and Great Britain in the aftermath of the American Revolution; it also came during the Latin American wars of independence.
Florida had become a burden to Spain, which could not afford to send settlers or garrisons, so the Spanish government decided to cede the territory to the United States in exchange for settling the boundary dispute along the Sabine River in Spanish Texas. The treaty established the boundary of U.S. territory and claims through the Rocky Mountains and west to the Pacific Ocean, in exchange for the U.S. paying residents’ claims against the Spanish government up to a total of $5,000,000 and relinquishing the U.S. claims on parts of Spanish Texas west of the Sabine River and other Spanish areas, under the terms of the Louisiana Purchase.
The treaty remained in full effect for only 183 days: from February 22, 1821, to August 24, 1821, when Spanish military officials signed the Treaty of Córdoba acknowledging the independence of Mexico; Spain repudiated that treaty, but Mexico effectively took control of Spain’s former colony. The Treaty of Limits between Mexico and the United States, signed in 1828 and effective in 1832, recognized the border defined by the Adams–Onís Treaty as the boundary between the two nations.
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Born On This Day
1805 – Sarah Fuller Flower Adams, English poet and hymnwriter (d. 1848)
Sarah Fuller Flower Adams (or Sally Adams) (1805 – 1848) was an English poet and hymnwriter, best known for writing the words of the hymn “Nearer, My God, to Thee”.
Early years and education
Sarah Fuller Flower was born 22 February 1805, at Old Harlow, Essex, and baptised in September 1806 at the Water Lane Independent Chapel in Bishops Stortford. She was the younger daughter of the radical editor Benjamin Flower, and his wife Eliza Gould.
Her father’s mother Martha, sister of the wealthy bankers William Fuller and Richard Fuller, had died the month before Adam’s birth. Her elder sister was the composer Eliza Flower. Her uncles included Richard Flower, who emigrated to the United States in 1822 and was a founder of the town of Albion, Illinois; and the nonconformist minister John Clayton.
Her mother died when she was only five years old and initially her father, a liberal in politics and religion, brought the daughters up, taking a hand in their education. The family moved to Dalston in Middlesex, where they met the writer Harriet Martineau, who was struck by the two sisters and used them for her novel “Deerbrook”. In 1823, on a holiday in Scotland with friends of the radical preacher William Johnson Fox, the minister of South Place Unitarian Chapel, London, who was a frequent visitor to their home, Adam broke the female record for climbing up Ben Lomond. Back home, the girls became friends with the young poet Robert Browning, who discussed his religious doubts with Adam.
After the father’s death, about 1825, the sisters became members of the Fox household. Both sisters began literary pursuits, and Adam first fell ill with what became tuberculosis. Soon after, the sisters moved to Upper Clapton, a suburb of London. They attached themselves to the religious society worshipping in South Place, Finsbury, under the pastoral care of Fox. He encouraged and sympathized with the sisters, and they in turn helped him in his work. Eliza, the elder, devoted herself to enriching the musical part of the Chapel service, while Adams contributed hymns. Fox was one of the founders of the Westminster Review. and his Unitarian magazine, the Monthly Repository, printed essays, poems and stories by William Bridges Adams, polemicist and railway engineer, who Adam met at the house of her friend, the feminist philosopher Harriet Taylor Mill. The two married in 1834, setting up house at Loughton in Essex. In 1837, he distinguished himself as the author of an elaborate volume on English Pleasure Carriages, and another on The Construction of Common Roads and Railroads. He was also a contributor to some of the principal reviews and newspapers.
Encouraged by her husband, Adams turned to acting and in the 1837 season at Richmond played Lady Macbeth, followed by Portia and Lady Teazle, all successes. Though offered a role at Bath, then a springboard for the West End, her health broke down and she returned to literature.
In 1841, she published her longest work, Vivia Perpetua, A Dramatic Poem. In it, a young wife who refuses to submit to male control and renounce her Christian beliefs is put to death. She contributed to the Westminster Review, including a critique of Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s poetry, and wrote political verses, some for the Anti-Corn Law League. Her work often advocated equal treatment for women and for the working class. At the solicitation of her pastor, she also contributed thirteen hymns to the compilation prepared by him for the use of his chapel, published 1840-41, in two parts, six in the first and seven in the second part. Of these, the two best known —” Nearer, my God! to Thee,” and “He sendeth sun, he sendeth shower”— are in the second part. For this work, her sister, Eliza, wrote sixty-two tunes. Her only other publication, a catechism for children, entitled “The Flock at the Fountain,” appeared in 1845. Her hymn, “Nearer, my God! to Thee”, was introduced to American Christians in the “Service Book,” published (1844) by Rev. James Freeman Clarke, D.D., of Boston, Massachusetts, from where it was soon transferred to other collections. A selection of hymns she wrote, published by Fox, included her best-known piece, “Nearer, My God, to Thee”, reportedly played by the band as the RMS Titanic sank in 1912.
A Unitarian in belief, her career was hampered by deafness she had inherited from her father and, inheriting their mother’s feebleness, both sisters yielded to disease in middle age. Eliza, after a lingering illness, died in December 1846 and, worn down by caring for her invalid sister, Adam’s health gradually declined. She died on 14 August 1848 at the age of 43 and was buried beside her sister and parents in the Forest Street cemetery near Harlow. At her grave was sung the only other hymn of hers which was widely known, “He sendeth sun, he sendeth shower”.
A blue plaque honouring the husband and wife was placed at their Loughton home: they had no children. Richard Garnett wrote of her:— “All who knew Mrs. Adams personally speak of her with enthusiasm; she is described as a woman of singular beauty and attractiveness, delicate and truly feminine, high-minded, and in her days of health playful and high-spirited.”
“Nearer, my God, to Thee”
“He sendeth sun, he sendeth shower”
“Creator Spirit! Thou the first.”
“Darkness shrouded Calvary.”
“Gently fall the dews of eve.”
“Go, and watch the Autumn leaves.”
“O hallowed memories of the past.”
“O human heart! thou hast a song.”
“O I would sing a song of praise.”
“O Love! thou makest all things even.”
“Part in Peace! is day before us?”
“Sing to the Lord! for His mercies are sure.”
“The mourners came at break of day.”
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By WFTS Digital Staff: Port Richey Mayor arrested for attempted murder for firing at SWAT team serving warrant at his home Massad arrested for practicing medicine without license
One bullet each.
By Amy Taxin: California parents of 13 plead guilty to torture, abuse
The children, who ranged in age from 2 to 29 at the time, were severely underweight and hadn’t bathed for months. They described being beaten, starved and put in cages.
David Turpin appeared stoic as he pleaded guilty, but Louise Turpin’s face turned red and she began crying and dabbed her eyes with a tissue.
The two face prison terms of 25 years-to-life when they are sentenced April 19, Riverside District Attorney Mike Hestrin said.
“The defendants ruined lives so I think it’s just and fair that the sentence be equivalent to first-degree murder,” Hestrin said.
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As being chosen as of the six global schools, Government Hill also receives free internet from OneWeb.
How will they protect the area from two and four legged vandals?
By Lauren Maxwell: Bears could be barrier to Muldoon park food forest
Rafuse said the project has also received several grants, including a $750,000 grant from the federal government that was awarded with the understanding that the public plantings were part of it.
Ultimately, he said, the project will have to be approved by the municipality’s Parks and Recreation and Urban Design commissions before it can go through.
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The U.S. Army has announced it will upgrade a former 3rd Infantry Division soldier’s Silver Star to a Distinguished Service Cross for his bravery during the unit’s “Thunder Run” attack on Baghdad, Iraq, in 2003.
Staff Sgt. Stevon A. Booker, who was killed protecting his platoon’s flank, will receive the nation’s second-highest award for valor in a ceremony in Pittsburgh on April 5, according to a Feb. 21 3rd Infantry Division press release.
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Did you ever wonder why the Marine Corps is part of the Department of the Navy?
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A compliance with the minutiae of military courtesy is a mark of well-disciplined troops.
We are all members of the same great family … On social occasions the formality of strictly military occasions should be relaxed, and a spirit of friendliness and goodwill should prevail.
MajGen John A. Lejeune
We’re not accustomed to occupying defensive positions. It’s destructive to morale.
LtGen H. M. “Howlin’ Mad” Smith, Iwo Jima, 1945
Don’t you forget that you’re Marines- First Marines! Not all the communists in hell can overrun you!
Col Lewis B. “Chesty” Puller, rallying his 1st Marines near Chosin Reservoir, Korea, December 1950
The soldier above all others prays for peace, for it is the soldier who must suffer and bear the deepest wounds and scars of war.
Here’s a news flash: No soldier gives his life. That’s not the way it works. Most soldiers who make a conscious decision to place themselves in harm’s way do it to protect their buddies. They do it because of the bonds of friendship – and it goes so much deeper than friendship.
But to the fighting soldier that phase of the war is behind. It was left behind after his first battle. His blood is up. He is fighting for his life, and killing now for him is as much a profession as writing is for me.
All you have to do is hold your first soldier who is dying in your arms, and have that terribly futile feeling that I can’t do anything about it… Then you understand the horror of war.
I come from the slums; I come from a hard background; I come from a poor family; and I was a soldier.
I learned about life before I went into the theater, which is why I’ve been so happy. I was a soldier.
There’s nothing like being a soldier for confidence or learning your limits or enduring utter humiliation.
When you join the army, you are asked to lay down your life for your country. That is a tremendous oath to take. In return, a good country should offer that soldier every possible means it can to allow that soldier to stay alive and, upon return, healthy – both mentally and physically.
On This Day
1828 – Initial issue of the Cherokee Phoenix is the first periodical to use the Cherokee syllabary invented by Sequoyah.
The Cherokee Phoenix (Cherokee: ᏣᎳᎩ ᏧᎴᎯᏌᏅᎯ, translit. Tsalagi Tsulehisanvhi) was the first newspaper published by Native Americans in the United States and the first published in a Native American language. The first issue was published in English and Cherokee on February 21, 1828, in New Echota, capital of the Cherokee Nation (present-day Georgia). The paper continued until 1834. The Cherokee Phoenix was revived in the 20th century, and today it publishes both print and Internet versions.
Born On This Day
921 – Abe no Seimei, Japanese astrologer (d. 1005)
Abe no Seimei (安倍 晴明, February 21, 921 A.D. – October 31, 1005 A.D.) was an onmyōji, a leading specialist of onmyōdō during the middle of the Heian period in Japan. In addition to his prominence in history, he is a legendary figure in Japanese folklore and has been portrayed in a number of stories and films.
Seimei worked as onmyōji for emperors and the Heian government, making calendars and advising on the spiritually correct way to deal with issues. He prayed for the well-being of emperors and the government as well as advising on various issues. He was also an astrologer and predicted astrological events. He enjoyed an extremely long life, free from any major illness, which contributed to the popular belief that he had mystical powers.
The Seimei Shrine, located in Kyoto, is a popular shrine dedicated to him. The Abeno train station and district, in Osaka, are sometimes said to be named after him, as it is one of the locations where legends place his birth.
Peter Halsten Thorkelson' (February 13, 1942 – February 21, 2019), better known as Peter Tork, was an American musician and actor, best known as the keyboardist and bass guitarist of the Monkees.
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Chislton had pleaded guilty to domestic abuse, aggravated arson, felonious assault and cruelty against a companion animal, according to Cleveland.com.
He now faces more charges after Tuesday’s assault, according to NBC affiliate WKYC.
By Raphael Orlove: That Could Have Gone Worse
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The Chicago Police Superintendent Eddie T. Johnson, visibly angry at a morning news conference, said Mr. Smollett had taken advantage of the pain and anger of racism, draining resources that could have been used to investigate other crimes for which people were actually suffering.
“I just wish that the families of gun violence in this city got this much attention,” he said, referring to the news media.
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Why you should care
Because the future of comics may come from China.
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Why you should care
Because where there’s an ass-kicking will, there’s an ass-kicking way.
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Anyone with surveillance footage or information about the incident is asked to call the department’s non-emergency line at 311.
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One bullet each.
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Every man prays in his own language.
7 x 7 + love = An amount Infinitely above: 7 x 7 – love
poet, social activist and leader of the Harlem Renaissance
I have had a significant loss of clout. I will have to make up for it with hard work and with extra effort.
longest-serving congressperson in American history
I didn’t break the rules, but I challenged the rules.
civil rights and human rights activist
When I see myself as an old woman, I just think about being happy. And hopefully, I’ll still be fly.
singer and songwriter
I don’t listen to what art critics say. I don’t know anybody who needs a critic to find out what art is.
Play with it. Improvise. Become more creative. Not because you have to, but because you want to. Evolution is the secret for the next step.
True love does have the power to redeem but only if we are ready for redemption.
professor, feminist and author focusing on the intersection of race, gender and capitalism
Evil communication corrupts good manners. I hope to live to hear that good communication corrects bad manners.
first African-American man of science