FYI October 19, 2018

On This Day

439 – The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa.
The Vandals were a large East Germanic tribe or group of tribes that first appear in history inhabiting present-day southern Poland. Some later moved in large numbers, including most notably the group which successively established kingdoms in the Iberian Peninsula and then North Africa in the 5th century.[1]

The traditional view has been that the Vandals migrated from southern Scandinavia to the area between the lower Oder and Vistula rivers during the 2nd century BC and settled in Silesia from around 120 BC.[2][3][4] They are associated with the Przeworsk culture and were possibly the same people as the Lugii. Expanding into Dacia during the Marcomannic Wars and to Pannonia during the Crisis of the Third Century, the Vandals were confined to Pannonia by the Goths around 330 AD, where they received permission to settle from Constantine the Great. Around 400, raids by the Huns forced many Germanic tribes to migrate into the territory of the Roman Empire, and fearing that they might be targeted next the Vandals were pushed westwards, crossing the Rhine into Gaul along with other tribes in 406.[5] In 409 the Vandals crossed the Pyrenees into the Iberian Peninsula, where their main groups, the Hasdingi and the Silingi, settled in Gallaecia (northwest Iberia) and Baetica (south-central Iberia) respectively.[6]

After the Visigoths invaded Iberia in 418, the Iranian Alans and Silingi Vandals voluntarily subjected themselves to the rule of Hasdingian leader Gunderic, who was pushed from Gallaecia to Baetica by a Roman-Suebi coalition in 419. In 429, under king Genseric (reigned 428–477), the Vandals entered North Africa. By 439 they established a kingdom which included the Roman province of Africa as well as Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta and the Balearic Islands. They fended off several Roman attempts to recapture the African province, and sacked the city of Rome in 455. Their kingdom collapsed in the Vandalic War of 533–4, in which Emperor Justinian I’s forces reconquered the province for the Eastern Roman Empire.

Renaissance and early-modern writers characterized the Vandals as barbarians, “sacking and looting” Rome. This led to the use of the term “vandalism” to describe any senseless destruction, particularly the “barbarian” defacing of artwork. However, modern historians tend to regard the Vandals during the transitional period from Late Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages as perpetuators, not destroyers, of Roman culture.[7]



Born On This Day

1605 – Thomas Browne, English physician and author (d. 1682)
Sir Thomas Browne (/braʊn/; 19 October 1605 – 19 October 1682) was an English polymath and author of varied works which reveal his wide learning in diverse fields including science and medicine, religion and the esoteric. Browne’s writings display a deep curiosity towards the natural world, influenced by the scientific revolution of Baconian enquiry. Browne’s literary works are permeated by references to Classical and Biblical sources as well as the idiosyncrasies of his own personality. Although often described as suffused with melancholia, his writings are also characterised by wit and subtle humour, while his literary style is varied, according to genre, resulting in a rich, unique prose which ranges from rough notebook observations to polished Baroque eloquence.




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907 Updates October 19, 2018

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Military October 19, 2018

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Quotes October 19, 2018






Music October 19, 2018

Images October 18, 2018

















FYI October 18, 2018

On This Day

1867 – United States takes possession of Alaska after purchasing it from Russia for $7.2 million. Celebrated annually in the state as Alaska Day.
Alaska Day is a legal holiday in the U.S. state of Alaska, observed on October 18.[1] It is the anniversary of the formal transfer of the Territory of Alaska from Russia to the United States, which occurred on Friday, October 18, 1867.

On March 30, 1867, the United States purchased Alaska from the Russian Empire for the sum of $7.2 million.[2] It was not until October of that year that the commissioners arrived in Sitka and the formal transfer was arranged. The formal flag-raising took place at Fort Sitka on October 18, 1867. The original ceremony included 250 uniformed U.S. soldiers, who marched to the governor’s house at “Castle Hill”. Here the Russian troops lowered the Russian flag and the U.S. flag was raised.[citation needed]

The official account of the affair as presented by General Lovell Rousseau to Secretary of State William H. Seward:

… The troops being promptly formed, were, at precisely half past three o’clock, brought to a ‘present arms’, the signal given to the Ossipee … which was to fire the salute, and the ceremony was begun by lowering the Russian flag … The United States flag … was properly attached and began its ascent, hoisted by my private secretary [and son], George Lovell Rousseau, and again salutes were fired as before, the Russian water battery leading off. The flag was so hoisted that in the instant it reached its place the report of the big gun of the Ossipee reverberated from the mountains around … Captain Pestchouroff stepped up to me and said, ‘General Rousseau, by authority from his Majesty the Emperor of Russia, I transfer to the United States the Territory of Alaska’ and in a few words I acknowledged the acceptance of the transfer, and the ceremony was at an end.”[1]

Due to the 11-hour time difference between Sitka and St. Petersburg, and the fact that Russia still used the Julian calendar, the date is sometimes given as Saturday, October 7.[citation needed]

Alaska’s territorial legislature declared Alaska Day a holiday in 1917. It is a paid holiday for state employees.[3][4] The official celebration is held in Sitka, where schools release students early, many businesses close for the day, and events such as a parade and reenactment of the flag raising are held.

It should not be confused with Seward’s Day, the last Monday in March, which commemorates the signing of the treaty for the Alaska Purchase in which the U.S. purchased Alaska from Russia on March 30, 1867.[citation needed]

Alaska Day is protested[5] by Alaska Native people who view the holiday as an uncritical celebration of the violence used to take their land away[6][7] and a confirmation of colonial aggression.[8]

Born On This Day


1874 – Christine Murrell, English medical doctor, first female member of the British Medical Association’s Central Council (d. 1933)
Christine Mary Murrell (18 October 1874 – 18 October 1933)[1] was an English medical doctor. In 1924, she became the first female member of the British Medical Association’s Central Council.

Early life and education
Murrell was born in 1874 in Clapham, London. Her parents were Charles Murrell, a coal merchant, and Alice Elizabeth Rains.[1] She attended Clapham High School for Girls and the London School of Medicine for Women, receiving an MBBS in 1899.[2] She spent the beginning of her career in various positions in Northumberland and Liverpool before returning to London to work at the Royal Free Hospital,[1] where she was only the second woman to serve as a house physician.[3] In 1903, she established a private practice in Bayswater with her friend Elizabeth Honor Bone. Murrell received an MD in psychology and mental diseases from the University of London in 1905. From 1907, she led an infant welfare clinic run by the St Marylebone Health Society at Lisson Grove for 18 years.[1]


Murrell was also an activist for women’s rights, and was involved in the women’s suffrage movement before the First World War. During the war, she served in and became chair of the Women’s Emergency Corps. She gave public lectures on women’s health for 20 years at the London County Council, and in 1923 she published a series of lectures under the title Womanhood and Health. In 1925, she and Letitia Fairfield conducted a survey of girls’ experiences of menstruation; the findings were published in The Lancet in 1930.[1]

Murrell served on various committees of the British Medical Association, and in 1924 she became the first woman elected to its Central Council; she sat on the council for nine years, until her death.[2] She was the fifth president of the Medical Women’s Federation, from 1926 to 1928. In September 1933, she was the first female representative elected to the General Medical Council, but she died on 18 October 1933 before taking her seat.[1][3]


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907 Updates October 18, 2018

By Kortnie Horazdovsky: Former Juvenile Justice administrator charged with possessing child pornography
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By Leroy Polk: WATCH LIVE: Alaska Federation of Natives Convention kicks off Thursday
By Rebecca Palsha: ‘Wiinga-llu’: Newly-appointed Lt. Gov. shared #MeToo experience a week before taking office
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By Liz Raines: Walker cancels AFN campaign booth, donates space to nonprofits
By Scott Gross: 3 Alaska schools earn federal performance honor
By Rebecca Palsha: There’s a disaster, and you’re in charge of 45,000 students, what happens next?
By Anna Rose MacArthur: Village Police Officer To Be Honored For Improving The Lives Of Alaska Native Women And Children
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By Patrick Enslow: Kikkan named honorary chair for Women of Achievement & Youth Awards
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Military October 18, 2018

By Phillip Walter Wellman: Two US Troops Wounded, Afghan Police Chief Killed in Kandahar Shooting
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President Donald J. Trump presents the Medal of Honor to retired Marine Corps Sgt. Maj. John Canley for his actions in Vietnam in a ceremony at the White House, Oct. 17, 2018.

By Jeff Schogol: Heroic Vietnam Veteran Receives Medal Of Honor For Saving More Than 20 Marines

Canley, who used his brother’s paperwork to enlist in the Marines at the age of 15, proved to be an exceptional warrior during the house-to-house fighting against more than 6,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops, Trump told the audience.

When the White House announced in September that he would receive the Medal of Honor, Canley issued a statement saying he was accepting the award on behalf of those he served with in Vietnam.

“Their bravery and sacrifice is unparalleled,” Canley said.
By Gina Harkins: Trump Awards John Canley Medal of Honor for ‘Unmatched Bravery’ in Vietnam
For his actions and leadership, he received the Navy Cross, his service’s second-highest award for bravery. But Canley’s Marines didn’t think that was enough.

They spent the past 13 years gathering interviews, first-person accounts and other materials needed to see their company gunny’s award upgraded to the only one they thought he deserved: the Medal of Honor. It was denied 10 times, but they persisted.

“For me personally, it was an act of love,” said former Pfc. John Ligato, one of Canley’s Marines and a retired FBI agent who led the fight to see the medal upgraded. Ligato attended Wednesday’s Medal of Honor ceremony and said all he could do was sit back and smile.

The event brought dozens more Marines who fought alongside Canley and Gold Star family members who lost loved ones in the fight to Washington, D.C. Ligato said it gave the Marines and their families a chance to reconnect — including several who don’t typically attend reunions due to their injuries or post-traumatic stress.
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Quotes October 18, 2018

One of the best ways of avoiding necessary and even urgent tasks is to seem to be busily employed on things that are already done.
John Kenneth Galbraith,
Ships at a distance have every man’s wish on board.
Zora Neale Hurston,
author and anthropologist
When small men begin to cast big shadows, it means the sun is about to set.
Lin Yutang,
Live the questions now. Perhaps you will then gradually, without noticing it, live along some distant day into the answer.
Rainer Maria Rilke,
Temperate, sincere and intelligent inquiry and discussion are only to be dreaded by the advocates of error. The truth need not fear them.
James Rush,
What is freedom of expression? Without the freedom to offend, it ceases to exist.
Salman Rushdie,
One must love humanity in order to penetrate into the unique essence of each individual: no one can be too low or too ugly.
Georg Buchner,
The most important persuasion tool you have in your entire arsenal is integrity.
Zig Ziglar,
writer and motivational speaker
In time of crisis, we summon up our strength. Then, if we are lucky, we are able to call every resource, every forgotten image that can leap to our quickening, every memory that can make us know our power.
Muriel Rukeyser,
A man who knows how little he knows is well; a man who knows how much he knows is sick.
Time dissipates to shining ether the solid angularity of facts.
Ralph Waldo Emerson,
essayist, poet and philosopher
This dramatic and turbulent world makes a mockery of our plans and predictions.
Margaret Wheatley,
management consultant
Freedom can exist only in the society of knowledge. Without learning, men are incapable of knowing their rights.
Benjamin Rush,
physician and Founding Father
It is not enough to have a good mind. The main thing is to use it well.
Rene Descartes,
mathematician and philosopher
To succeed, planning alone is insufficient. One must improvise as well.
Isaac Asimov,
writer and professor
People try to do all sorts of clever and difficult things to improve life instead of doing the simplest, easiest thing — refusing to participate in activities that make life bad.
Leo Tolstoy,